Taylor2 ppt ch6

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Taylor2 ppt ch6

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Delinquency Prevention and Intervention
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Delinquency Prevention Programs </li></ul><ul><li>The Theory of Delinquency Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Early Pre-Development Intervention and Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk-Focused Prevention Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Treatment and Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion Effectiveness </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>School Based Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Community-Based Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational and Time Occupying Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teen Courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teen Court Models and Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teen Court Effectiveness </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Programs Focusing on Status Offenses </li></ul><ul><li>What Does Not Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scared Straight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What Does Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost Effectiveness of Prevention </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Delinquency Prevention Programs <ul><li>Delinquency prevention is the subject of strong opinions and political arguments. The idea is simplistic enough; the best way to deal with juvenile delinquency is to prevent it from occurring in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>The philosophy behind many delinquency prevention programs is very appealing: teach juveniles the skills they need, educate juveniles so they will not recidivate, and provide programs to occupy a juvenile’s time so they will not commit crimes. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Delinquency Careers That Had Four Or More Referrals Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Office Of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention <ul><li>7 Divisions of OJJDP </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Program Development </li></ul><ul><li>Training and Technical Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Special Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>State Relations and Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Information Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration of Federal Efforts Program </li></ul><ul><li>Child Protection </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Early Pre-Delinquent Intervention and Prevention <ul><li>Perry Pre-School Program: A two-year intervention that operates 2.5 hours per day, 5 days a week, 7 months per year, and includes weekly home visitations by teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Project Head Start: Designed to prevent academic problems among economically disadvantaged children by providing a broad range of social services centered around a creative pre-school curriculum. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Risk-Focused Prevention Programs <ul><li>The SHIELD program uses the contacts that police officers make in the course of their duties to identify youth who are at risk of becoming involved in violent behavior, substance abuse, gangs, or other delinquent activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The Children At Risk (CAR) drug and delinquency prevention program is for high-risk adolescents ages 11-13. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. Families and Schools Together (FAST) <ul><li>The goal is to promote protective factors for juveniles at risk of becoming delinquent through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing families by strengthening the parent-child relationship. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing school failure / improving the child’s behavior in school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing alcohol and drug abuse in the family by increasing the families’ awareness and knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the stress that families experience from daily life by developing an ongoing support group for parents. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. Diversion <ul><li>A general term for a wide-range of programs that keep juveniles who commit crimes out of the formal juvenile justice system. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic theory that guides diversion programs is that most youths will at some point commit some type of delinquent act. </li></ul><ul><li>The guiding principles are rooted in labeling theory. </li></ul><ul><li>Most diverted juveniles are first-time offenders. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. Hands Without Guns <ul><li>A public health and education campaign that gets youths involved in violence prevention program in their communities. A series of sessions teaches youths about the problems of violence and guns and trains them to initiate a violence prevention program in their neighborhood. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP) <ul><li>Seeks to support one-on-one mentoring programs for youths at risk of educational failure, dropping out of school, or involvement in delinquent activities, including gangs and drug abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by Congress to address two critical concerns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor school performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dropping out of school </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. Goals Of JUMP <ul><li>Reduce delinquency and gang participation </li></ul><ul><li>Improve academic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce drop-out rate </li></ul><ul><li>Provide general guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Promote personal and social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Increase participation in elementary and secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent illegal drugs and firearms usage </li></ul><ul><li>Discourage involvement in gangs </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage participation in service and community activity </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. Big Brothers/Big Sisters (BBBSA) <ul><li>46% less likely to use drugs </li></ul><ul><li>27% less likely to use alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>52% less likely to skip school </li></ul><ul><li>37% less likely to skip class </li></ul><ul><li>More confident in school work </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 less likely to hit someone </li></ul><ul><li>Better in academic behavior </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to have good relationship with parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Get along better with families </li></ul><ul><li>Better relationships with peers </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  16. 16. School To Work (STW) Opportunities Act <ul><li>Three core elements: </li></ul><ul><li>School-based learning that includes blended academic and vocational training. </li></ul><ul><li>Work-based learning that involves youth in the work-place. </li></ul><ul><li>Connected activities that identify that identify work-based learning opportunities and students with employers. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  17. 17. Teen Courts <ul><li>Benefits of Teen Court: </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>Cost savings </li></ul><ul><li>Community cohesion </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  18. 18. Offenses Handled in Teen Court Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  19. 19. Overview Of Teen Court Referral Process Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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