Taylor2 ppt ch14


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Taylor2 ppt ch14

  1. 1. Chapter 14 Special Populations
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Juveniles and Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shootings at Columbine High School </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of School Violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mentally Ill Juvenile Offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Drug Offenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug Use Among Adolescents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drugs, Delinquency and Juvenile Violence </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Juvenile Sex Offenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Progression of Aggressive Sexual Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphilia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Characteristics of Juvenile Sexual Offenders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Chronic Juvenile Offenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Chronic Juvenile Offenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hackers and Crackers” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Violent Juvenile Offenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Violent Juvenile Offenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Hate Groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Christian Identity Groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Survivalist and Militia Groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Victimization and Exploitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Abuse and Neglect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Pornography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Predators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Prostitution </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. School Violence <ul><li>From 1989 to 2005 almost every state suffered an incident involving a school shooting. </li></ul><ul><li>3,930 students were expelled during the 1997-1998 school year for bringing a firearm to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Zero tolerance programs have improved school climate and student behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>The chance of becoming a victim in a school associated violent death is less than 1 in a million. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How Rampage Killers Differ From Typical Murderers
  7. 7. Mentally Ill Juvenile Offenders <ul><li>20% of all youths in the Juvenile justice system have serious mental disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>Many juveniles who are incarcerated have been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Most prevalent disorders are conduct disorders, antisocial personality disorders, and substance abuse disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>1/5 of all youth incarcerated suffer from a serious mental disorder. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Binge Drinking In Adolescents <ul><li>Binge drinking is defined as the consuming of five or more drinks in a row. </li></ul><ul><li>Binge drinking tends to increase during adolescence and peaks in young adulthood. </li></ul><ul><li>About 10.4% adolescents ages 12-20 report using alcohol. Of those, 5.1 million were binge drinkers. </li></ul><ul><li>Binge drinkers are 8 times more likely to miss class, fall behind in school work, get hurt or injured, and damage property. </li></ul><ul><li>Binge drinking in high school is strongly predictive of binge drinking in college. </li></ul><ul><li>Binge drinking in college may be associated with mental health disorders. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Drugs And Delinquency <ul><li>General forms of drug use and delinquency are not causally related. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an erroneous misconception of the relationship between drugs and violence. </li></ul><ul><li>The drug street culture has dramatically changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Moat incidents of drug-related violence occur in deteriorated communities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Juvenile Sex Offenders <ul><li>Over ½ of all incidents of child molestation and 1/5 of all known cases of forcible rape are committed by juvenile males. </li></ul><ul><li>16% of the reported forcible rapes in the U.S. were conducted by juvenile male offenders. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chronic Juvenile Offenders <ul><li>Begin their “criminal careers” at a relatively young age and have persistent involvement in crime through adulthood. </li></ul><ul><li>Study in Philadelphia by Marvin Wolfgang, Robert Figlio, and Terrence Sellin. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Hacker Subculture
  13. 13. Hackers <ul><li>Do not meet the common profile of their chronic juvenile offender counterparts. </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively young, white males from middle- and upper-class environments. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Violent Juvenile Offenders <ul><li>Violent offenses are those that produce physical harm, or the threat of harm, to victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Many youths who commit violent offenses start their offending early and eventually become chronic violent offenders. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1993 to 2003, the juvenile arrest rate for murder fell 77%. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hate Crime <ul><li>A crime committed against an individual because of his or her race, color, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender, or disability </li></ul><ul><li>Three distinct categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional hate groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian identity groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survivalist and militia groups </li></ul></ul>