Taylor2 ppt ch10

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Taylor2 ppt ch10

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Juveniles In The Criminal Justice System
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Changing Beliefs About the Purpose of Juvenile Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Waiver to Adult Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose of Waiver to Adult court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of Waiver to Adult court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trends in the Use of Waiver to Adult Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of Waiver to Adult Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Attitudes Toward Waiver to Adult court </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Blended Sentencing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of Blended Sentencing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Juveniles in Adult Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Death Penalty for Juvenile Offenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevalence and Use Prior to Roper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States Supreme court Cases Prior to Roper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roper v. Simmons (2005): The Death Penalty for Juveniles is Ruled Unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Waiver To Adult Court <ul><li>The process through which a juvenile court relinquishes jurisdiction over a juvenile offender and the case is processed in adult court. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called certification, transfer, remand, and binding over. </li></ul><ul><li>Use is relatively rare. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1% of juvenile cases are waived to adult court. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Purposes Of Waiver To Adult Court <ul><li>Juveniles are waived to adult court for prosecution for three basic reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To remove juvenile offenders charged with heinous violent offenses that generate media and community pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To remove chronic offenders who have exhausted the resources and the patience of juvenile court. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To impose sentences than are available in juvenile court. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Minimum Age A Juvenile May Be Waived To Adult Court
  7. 7. Jonesboro, Arkansas School Shooting <ul><li>Mitchell Johnson, age 13 and Andrew Golden, age 11. </li></ul><ul><li>Killed 4 students and 1 teacher with a .44 caliber rifle and a 30.06 hunting rifle. </li></ul><ul><li>August 2005 Mitchell Johnson turned 21 and was released from custody after serving 7 years for the murders. </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Golden is scheduled to be released when he turns 21 in 2007. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Age At Which Juvenile Court Relinquishes Jurisdiction
  9. 9. Types of Waiver <ul><li>Judicial waiver </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory judicial waiver </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative waiver </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecutorial waiver </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Blended Sentencing <ul><li>Juvenile-exclusive blend </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile-inclusive blend </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile-contiguous blend </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal-exclusive blend </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal-inclusive blend </li></ul>
  11. 11. Roper v. Simmons <ul><li>Christopher Simmons committed murder at age 17. </li></ul><ul><li>Convicted and sentenced to death. </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court relied upon Atkins v. Virginia which had previously held that the execution of mentally retarded persons was cruel and unusual punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>March 1, 2005 the Supreme Court held that the execution of a juvenile is cruel and unusual punishment and in violation of the Eighth Amendment. </li></ul>

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