Chapter10

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Chapter10

  1. 1. PROB ION & ATCommunityCOrrections
  2. 2.  Explain the justifications for community-based corrections programs.
  3. 3.  Reintegration - preparing offenders to return to the community unmarred by further criminal behavior. Diversion- diverting those who qualify away from prison and jail and toward community-based intermediate sanctions. The Low-Cost Alternative - the high cost of incarceration is a strong motivator for some to support community-based corrections.
  4. 4.  When an offender has been sentenced to remain in the community under the supervision of probation services for a designated period of time, and is subject to certain conditions imposed by the court. The most common form of punishment in the United States.
  5. 5.  Sentencing choices and probation ◦ Suspended sentence ◦ Split sentence ◦ Shock incarceration ◦ Intermittent incarceration
  6. 6.  Specify the conditions under which an offender is most likely to be denied probation.
  7. 7. Offenders are most likely to be denied probation if they: Are convicted on multiple charges Were on probation or parole at the time of arrest Have two or more prior convictions Are addicted to narcotics Seriously injured the victim of the crime Used a weapon in the commission of the crime
  8. 8.  Conditions of Probation ◦ Principles of Probation ◦ Types of Conditions
  9. 9.  Describe the three general categories of conditions placed on a probationer.
  10. 10. Conditions of probation: Standard conditions ◦ Imposed on all probationers Punitive conditions ◦ Designed to reflect the seriousness of the offense and increase punishment Treatment conditions ◦ Designed to help the offender with issues that may contribute to criminal activity
  11. 11.  The Supervisory Role of the Probation Officer ◦ The Use of Authority ◦ The Caseload Dilemma
  12. 12.  Explain the three stages of probation revocation.
  13. 13.  Revocation of Probation ◦ Revocation Trends ◦ The Revocation Process  Preliminary Hearing  Revocation Hearing  Revocation Sentencing
  14. 14.  List five sentencing options for a judge besides imprisonment and probation.
  15. 15. Intermediate Sanctions: Fines Community service Restitution Forfeiture Pretrial diversion programs
  16. 16.  Contrast day reporting centers with intensive supervision probation.
  17. 17. Day Reporting Centers: Community based corrections center where offenders report daily for purposes of treatment, education, and incapacitation.Intensive Probation Supervision: A more restrictive alternative to regular probation. Typified by more supervision and smaller caseloads.
  18. 18. Shock Incarceration: Judges sentence an individual to a period of time in an institution, many of which resemble an army boot camp.Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoring: Offenders are required to spend extended periods of time confined to their homes, sometimes administered in conjunction with electronic monitoring.
  19. 19.  List the three levels of home monitoring.
  20. 20. Levels of Home Monitoring: Curfew Home detention Home incarceration
  21. 21. Net Widening: As more and more alternatives to incarceration are used, the criminal justice system can expand the number of people that come under its supervision.
  22. 22. The Paradox: The more effectively offenders are controlled, the more likely they are to be caught violating the terms of their conditional release.

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