Ch07 slides

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Prof. Wozencraft
ENG227

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Ch07 slides

  1. 1. Understand three principles for organizing technical information:• Analyze your audience and purpose.• Use conventional patterns of organization.• Display your organizational pattern prominently in the document. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 1
  2. 2. Ask four questions when you study documents from other cultures:• Does the text follow expected organizational patterns?• Do the introductions and conclusions present the kind of information you would expect?• Does the text appear to be organized linearly?• Does the text use headings? If so, does it use more than one level? Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 2
  3. 3. Display your organizational pattern prominently:• Create a detailed table of contents.• Use headings liberally.• Use topic sentences at the beginnings of your paragraphs. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 3
  4. 4. Understand eight typical patterns of organization:• chronological• spatial• general to specific• more important to less important• comparison and contrast• classification and partition• problem-methods-solution• cause and effect Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 4
  5. 5. Follow these three guidelines fororganizing information chronologically:• Provide signposts.• Consider using graphics to complement the text.• Analyze events where appropriate. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 5
  6. 6. Follow these three guidelines for organizing information spatially:• Provide signposts.• Consider using graphics to complement the text.• Analyze events where appropriate. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 6
  7. 7. An example ofinformation organized spatially Source: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2010 <www.metmuseum. org/toah/world- regions/#/09/World- Map>.Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 7
  8. 8. Follow these two guidelines for organizing information from general to specific: • Provide signposts. • Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 8
  9. 9. Follow three guidelines for organizing information from more important to less important: • Provide signposts. • Explain why one point is more important than another. • Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 9
  10. 10. Follow these four guidelines for organizing information by comparison and contrast: • Establish criteria for the comparison and contrast. • Evaluate each item according to the criteria you have established. • Organize the discussion. • Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 10
  11. 11. Follow these six guidelines for organizing information by classification or partition:• Choose a basis of classification or partition that fits your audience and purpose.• Use only one basis of classification or partition at a time.• Avoid overlap.• Be inclusive.• Arrange the categories in a logical sequence.• Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 11
  12. 12. An example of information organized by partition Source: Canon, 2010 <www.usa- canon.com/cusa/cons umer/products/camera s/digital_cameras/pow ershot_sx210_is#Box Content>.Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 12
  13. 13. Follow these five guidelines for organizinginformation by problem-methods-solution: • In describing the problem, be clear and specific. • In describing your methods, help your readers understand what you did and why you did it that way. • In describing the solution, don’t overstate. • Choose a logical sequence. • Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 13
  14. 14. Follow these four guidelines fororganizing information by cause and effect: • Explain your reasoning. • Avoid overstating your argument. • Avoid logical fallacies. • Consider using graphics to complement the text. Chapter 7. Organizing Your Information © 2012 by Bedford/St. Martins 14

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