12 temperature, emr, insolation

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12 temperature, emr, insolation

  1. 1. Physical Geography<br />Class 12<br />Temperature, EMR, Insolation<br />
  2. 2. Matter = “Stuff” <br />All matter is made of atoms<br />Atoms combine to form molecules<br />Energy acts upon, and changes matter<br />Matter and Energy<br />
  3. 3. “Energy is neither created nor destroyed”<br />It just changes form<br />Kinetic Energy is a form of energy.<br />Kinetic Energy = movement energy = temperature<br />Kinetic Energy<br />
  4. 4. Temperature Scales<br />
  5. 5. Electromagnetic Spectrum<br />
  6. 6. Electromagnetic Spectrum<br />
  7. 7. Longer -------------Shorter<br />
  8. 8. Infrared Radiation<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Ultraviolet<br />
  11. 11. Incoming Solar Radiation<br />Constant at top of atmosphere (when averaged annually)<br />~1400 watts/m2<br />Insolation<br />
  12. 12. Solar Constant<br />
  13. 13. Fate of Insolation<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Refraction<br />
  18. 18. Do all wavelengths of light refract at the same angle?<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. What is causing the wavelengths to bend differently?<br />
  21. 21. What’s happening here?<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Albedo<br />
  24. 24. What happens to absorbed radiation?<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Radiation<br />
  27. 27. Heat Transfer<br />
  28. 28. What methods of heat transfer are occurring here?<br />
  29. 29. Greenhouse Effect<br />
  30. 30. Greenhouse Effect<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Latent Heat<br />Sensible Heat<br />Two Types of Heat<br />
  38. 38. Phase Changes in Water<br />
  39. 39. CONTROLS ON TEMPERATURE<br />
  40. 40. Latitude<br />
  41. 41. Mt. Kilimanjaro<br />
  42. 42. Urbanization<br />
  43. 43. Cloud Cover<br />
  44. 44. Effect of Clouds on Temperature<br />
  45. 45. Death Valley<br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Look at differences in temperature<br />
  48. 48. Effects of Land vs. Water<br />On Temperature<br />
  49. 49. Continentality vs. Marine Effect<br />Water has a moderating effect on temperature!<br />
  50. 50. Inland vs. Coastal<br />
  51. 51. Evaporation<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Land heats quicker and cools quicker than Water!!!!<br />
  54. 54. Transparency<br />
  55. 55. Specific Heat<br />
  56. 56. Movement and Mixing<br />
  57. 57. Currents/ Sea Surface Temperatures<br />
  58. 58. Warm Ocean Current<br />
  59. 59. France vs. Newfoundland, Canada<br />
  60. 60. Portland, Oregon<br />Leeward vs. Windwardside of continent<br />
  61. 61. Landscapes<br />
  62. 62. Glacier National ParkEast vs. West Side<br />
  63. 63. USGS<br />Particulates and Gases<br />
  64. 64. Particulates<br />
  65. 65. Carbon Dioxide<br />Methane<br />Water Vapor<br />Greenhouse Gases<br />
  66. 66. Phase Changes in Water<br />
  67. 67. Layers of the Atmosphere<br />
  68. 68.
  69. 69. Normal Lapse Rate<br />
  70. 70.
  71. 71.
  72. 72. Photosynthesis<br />
  73. 73. Depends upon<br />% of cloud cover<br />Cloud type<br />Cloud height<br />Thickness (water content + density)<br />Impact of Clouds<br />
  74. 74. Examine:<br />Incoming shortwave radiation<br />Vs.<br />Outgoing longwave radiation<br />To understand actual effects:<br />
  75. 75. Cloud Height<br />
  76. 76. What about Jet Contrails?<br />

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