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Furniture during Greek period


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This Presentation consists information about the Furniture used during Greek Period.
consists information about:
- styles of furniture
- types of furniture

Published in: Design
  • A very interesting slider of Greek furniture design. For enthusiasts of Greek furniture and interior design I recommend the website, a very original store with reproductions and recreations of furniture, busts, statues and figurines inspired by classical Greece and Rome. Marvelous artwork at the reach of everyone. Worthy of a visit.
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Furniture during Greek period

  2. 2. Ancient Greece • Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity 600 AD. • Greek culture can be said to have begun with the Bronze Age civilization of the Minoans in Crete. • The Minoans built vast palaces, and were skilled in metalwork, pottery, artwork and the crafting of jewellery. • Ancient Greek civilization was at its zenith during the Classical era, from 499 BC to 79 BC.
  3. 3. Ancient Greek Furniture • The Greek history of furniture can be traced back to the heritage of Egyptian furniture. • Lines became softer, much use was made of subtle and elegant curves, and more attention was given to comfort • Early Greek furniture was largely influenced from furniture crafted by the Egyptians and unlike Egypt, Greece had enough timber for furniture making. Greek Bed set with a Table
  4. 4. The Configuration of Greek Furniture • So much wealth in the form of precious metals like gold, bronze etc. were lavished in typical Greek furniture. • The Greeks took time to configure some complicated designs of furniture and this made their technology in furniture outstanding. • For example, the ancient Greek couch was used for resting as well as for eating. It was constructed with the horizontal reclining area at table height, rather than low and at an incline. • The headrest was often curved to support pillows and no foot rest was used. • Their stools were built in a variety of configurations and the legs were mostly built in trumpet form or a rectangular design based on a columnar form. • There were the folding stools with X-shaped legs and stationary stools with straight legs which were made.
  5. 5. Styles • Greek furniture styles were simple, elegant and tasteful. • carving and inlays were used, furniture was not over-decorated. • Houses were not cluttered with much furniture, and household items were made for use and comfort rather than decoration. • However, the Greek love of beauty and art extended to furniture design, and the few simple items of furniture in an early Greek household were often works of art in their own right. • Oak, maple, beech, citrus and willow were the main woods which did not require any veneering technique. • Marble and bronze were used in conjunction with or to replace wood, and laid ivory, ebony, and precious stones were lavished on the finest wooden pieces, which sometimes had feet of silver. • Carved and painted decoration was almost commonplace in this rich market. • Sears were fitted with perfumed and brightly coloured cushions.
  6. 6. Types Of Furniture • Elegant interiors with marble columns, stucco ceilings and mosaic floors, are portrayed in frescoes and marble carvings. • From the 7th century BCE to 4th century BCE, there were 5 main types of furniture : stools, couches, small tables, chests, and chairs. • The early kinds of ancient Greek furniture were predominantly influenced by Egyptian furniture. Characteristic of this early furniture was a stiff, rectangular, and unflattering shape
  7. 7. Stools • Two main styles of stools of ancient Greece have survived through reliefs. • The first type looks more like a small table. The typical stool consisted of a flat top and four straight legs. This stool was known as a Bathron. • There was no back support and the bottom was hard and uncompromising. Stool and small table
  8. 8. • The second type of stool was light weight ,The X-stool, also known as the diphros okladias, was easily movable • It consisted of three animal legs pointed inwards and ending with lion's paws. • These were used both indoors and outdoors. • When masters went out to stroll in the streets, the diphoros okladias was carried by a servant so that it would be ready immediately whenever he might wish to rest. • Some of these were greatly decorated and used as backless thrones outdoor in similar manner. • X-framed stools enjoyed both popular and official status, the straight legged version (sella curilis) being used by magistrates. “Diphros Okladias” X-frame style
  9. 9. • The third type of stool, the Thronos or throne, was a type of stool known only to the wealthy. The Thronos was ornately decorated and was often times lined with precious stones. • •The thronos or throne-chair, was always reserved for the use of the most important person present. Often a god was depicted on a throne which was carved with ram’s heads at the ends of the arms or whose back was shaped like a snake or a horse’s head. • •The footstool, which was used for access to couches and other high furniture, was known as the Theyns.
  10. 10. Couches - Klines • Greek Kline- The Greeks followed the Eastern tradition of lying down to eat. • The couches, known as klines, had a headboard that could be used as a backrest while sitting, and were elegantly upholstered. • They were made entirely of wood, but often had bronze legs cast in animal styles. • The klines were placed around the walls, and small tables were placed next to them to hold the food and drink. • Kline from klino (cause to lean), from which also the word clinic and clinical is derived (that on which one reclines). • It was made of wood or bronze, and was often richly adorned. Decoration of a kline
  11. 11. Chests • Various types and sizes of chests were used for storage. • These usually had gabled lids and some painted with flowers and figures or elaborately decorated with inlay and bronze or silver mounts. • Chests were prized pieces of furniture, and would often be passed down from one generation to another. • Chests were originally made similar to those of the Egyptian style and then took on their own style. • Chests were the only means for storing clothing because shelves were generally not used for that purpose. • Jewellery, Valuables and fruits were hidden alongside the clothing for protection. • Chests were also often valued enough to be part of a wife's dowry into use in the Hellenistic period • Some of the chests made of wood were used as coffins CHESTS Woman putting valuables into chests Woman putting clothes into a chest
  12. 12. Beds • Greek furniture was treated architecturally. • Beds usually had the appearance of Greek temples and usually were made of stone
  13. 13. Chairs • Prior to the invention of a type of chair known as the Klismos by the Greeks in the 5th Century BCE, chairs were the same as those of Egypt and Persian. • These chairs had hard stiff backs and arms. Even the people depicted in paintings and friezes sitting in these types of chairs look to be uncomfortable. • The Klismos was an entirely new type of chair designed by the Greeks. It's smooth and flowing shape inspired cultures of the Middle Ages and the early 19th Century to revive the concept. • The Klismos, used principally by women, was made with delicately curved back and legs. • Rather than being designed to be comfortable, these chairs of the 6th and 7th Centuries BCE were purely ceremonial in nature. • The 5th Century BCE brought along a new era in Greek chairs and furniture. Chair The Hard stiff back Chair The Klismos
  14. 14. • These features allowed the sitter to be in a freer and more natural position; the backs of these chairs, referred to as Stiles, were designed to the curvature of the back for comfort and extended to the shoulders. • The Klismos, like most other furniture, was made of wood and not ornately decorated. • In order to increase the comfort, cushions and animal skins were usually placed on the Klismos. • By Hellenistic times, the general shape and structure of the Klismos had already started to change. • Chairs once again became heavier and more rigid. • The general concept of comfort over ceremony has luckily survived through these changes so that a piece of furniture from 2500 years ago does not seem at all strange today. Klismos - The backs of these chairs, referred to as Stiles, were designed to the curvature of the back for comfort and extended to the shoulders. Used mainly by women.
  15. 15. Couches • Couches of ancient Greece were combinations of beds and sofas. This type of furniture, called the Kline, was made for sleeping as well as dining. • During meals Greek diners would lie down rather than sit to eat. The Greek tend to recline rather than sit originated in the 6th century. • Greek couches were similar to those of the Egyptians except for two differences. • They stood higher off the ground, so much that a footstool was sometimes used as a means of access; and second, there was a headboard but no footboard. • The height allowed for easier access to tables and also allowed room beneath to fit tables. The headboard was used as a means of back support while eating. Sometimes a kline was used even on a horse
  16. 16. Tables • A common wood type table was rectangular and stood on three legs. There were two legs at one end, the third being in the centre of the other end. • The Greeks had one set item to be placed upon their tables: food; The ancient Greeks did not use tables as places to set up trinkets or valuables, but merely used them in their most basic purpose. • Tables were low and mostly movable, credences and drinking tables being often three-legged and made of bronze. • Most ancient tables, were made with 3 rather than 4 legs to create a better sense of balance. • These tables could be made of bronze or marble, but typically of wood. This type of table was the most common up until the 4th Century BCE when square topped tables were replaced with round tops. table with lion form legs
  17. 17. Additional Furnishing • The previously mentioned furnishings were usually the bare essentials for a family living in ancient Greece. • There are also other furnishings which were less useful and more decorative. These, of course, belonged to the wealthy. • Wealthy Greeks enjoyed the luxuries of incense burners, vases, and large vases known as Lebeti as a part of daily life • LEBETI - he vases of the wealthy were decorative and were often times made of precious or semi-precious metals. These vases, along with Lebeti, were made by highly skilled workers and were often times ornately decorated. • Lebeti were "elegant nuptial vases of eighteen inches high and minutely decorated with stories from history or legend...“ • Lebeti, in addition to their decorative purpose, were used as water jugs and large bowls. incense burner
  18. 18. A chair designed for small children. Baby on Stool with Mother Marble Table – Supported on a single Leg – Animal faced leg Marble Table – typical three legged with a Round top