Allomorph power point 2

16,355 views

Published on

i like this

Published in: Education, Technology
4 Comments
13 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
16,355
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,127
Comments
4
Likes
13
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Allomorph power point 2

  1. 1. .
  2. 2. ALLOMORPH /’aləmɔːf/ <ul><li>Allomorphs are the variations or different pronunciations of a morpheme. For instance, the morpheme plural-s has the standard /s/ sound in cats , but in dogs the morpheme becomes a /z/ sound . </li></ul>
  3. 3. . <ul><li>There are three allomorphs of the morpheme -s in English. Compare the sound of the -s in ‘cats', ‘dogs' and ‘foxes' </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pronunciation <ul><li>Pronunciation: / s / </li></ul><ul><li>(as in bats ), </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation: / z / </li></ul><ul><li>(as in bugs ), and </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation: / ɪz / </li></ul><ul><li>(as in buses ). </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF ALLOMORPH <ul><li>1.ADDITIVE ALLOMORPHS </li></ul><ul><li>2.REPLACIVE ALLOMORPHS </li></ul><ul><li>3.SUBTRACTIVE ALLOMORPHS </li></ul><ul><li>4.SUPPLETIVE ALLOMORPHS </li></ul><ul><li>5.ZERO ALLOMORPH </li></ul><ul><li>6.NULL ALLOMORPH </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1.ADDITIVE ALLOMORPHS <ul><li>the  suffix –ed which can be pronounced as either /–t/, or /–d/ or /–Id/: </li></ul><ul><li>ask + –ed / a:sk/ + /  –t/, </li></ul><ul><li>liv(e) + ed /lIv/ + / –d/, </li></ul><ul><li>need + –ed /ni:d/ + / –Id/. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2.REPLACIVE ALLOMORPHS <ul><li>the / I / in Drink is replaced by the / æ/ in Drank to signal the simple past. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3.SUBTRACTIVE ALLOMORPHS <ul><li>the letter A is deleted from zopa to signal that this Russian noun is in the plural form of the possessive case. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 4.SUPPLETIVE ALLOMORPHS <ul><li>Go + the suppletive allomorph of {–D1} = went </li></ul><ul><li>Be + the suppletive allomorph of {–S3} = is </li></ul><ul><li>Bad + the suppletive allomorph of {–er1} = worse </li></ul><ul><li>good + the suppletive allomorph of {–est1} =best. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 5.ZERO ALLOMORPH <ul><li>the past tense form of  hurt is formed by adding the zero allomorph of {–D1} to this word. </li></ul><ul><li>HURT  HURT </li></ul>
  11. 11. 6.NULL ALLOMORPH <ul><li>the phrase two fish-Ø which can also be two fish-es . </li></ul>
  12. 12. . <ul><li>In the classroom ,Certain allomorphs are difficult for learners to produce correctly, or example the allomorphs of the -ed regular past morpheme, which learners often do not produce correctly until higher levels. Recognition activities such as sorting words into groups according to pronunciation are useful to raise awareness. </li></ul>

×