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Perth Seawater Desalination Plant - serving 2 mln of people with drinking water

The start of the 21st Century brought growing concern in Western Australia over the declining natural supplies of water across the region. To safeguard the future in the longer term it was clear that Perth needed to diversify its water strategy. Find more here http://www.degremont.com.au/projects/perth-seawater-desalination-plant

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Perth Seawater Desalination Plant - serving 2 mln of people with drinking water

  1. 1. case study Water Perth Seawater Desalination Plant
  2. 2. The start of the 21st Century brought growing concern in Western Australia over the declining natural supplies of water across the region. The winter of 2001 saw the poorest inflow of water to the reservoirs serving the Perth metropolitan area for 86 years. By 2002 it was clear that the region was suffering the worst two-year drought on record. In 2005, stream flows had dropped by nearly 30% over the preceding eight years. As a result, urgent medium-term drought recovery plans including water restrictions and additional groundwater allocations were implemented. To safeguard the future in the longer term it was clear that Perth needed to diversify its water strategy. In late 2004 the State-owned water utility, Water Corporation called for tenders from prequalified bidders for the design, construction and operation of a seawater desalination plant to be constructed about 30 km south of the Perth CBD at Kwinana. In April 2005, the Premier of Western Australia announced the award of the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant (PSDP) to a joint venture of SUEZ and Multiplex Construction. At the time, the 45 gigalitres1 (GL) per year plant was the largest single water source feeding into the Integrated Water Supply Scheme (IWSS) for the Perth Metropolitan Area. Today, it’s owned by the Water Corporation and operates under a 25- year contract with SUEZ. Construction of the plant began almost immediately. The plant delivered its first water 18 months later in November 2006 with full commercial operation taking place six months after that. At the time, the PSDP was the largest seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant in Australia. To safeguard the future in the longer term it was clear that Perth needed to diversifyitswaterstrategy. 1 A gigalitre is equivalent to one billion litres safeguardingthefutureof Perth’sdrinkingwater
  3. 3. aninnovativeandeffectivedesign The key to an effective design and operation is source water quality. The pre-treatment system includes 24 highly efficient dual media filtration units using sand and anthracite filter media followed by 14 cartridge filters each fitted with 360 five micron cartridges. The SUEZ reverse osmosis (RO) design incorporates double pass membranes to achieve a salinity below 200 mg/L and a bromide content below 0.1 mg/L. The 1st Pass reverse osmosis unit incorporates twelve trains each fitted with 162 RO pressure vessels and the 2nd Pass comprises six trains, each fitted with 124 RO pressure vessels. All operating parameters are fully controlled by pressure and flow control loops to automatically compensate temperature fluctuations and membrane permeability and to optimise energy consumption. The water produced by the reverse osmosis units (permeate) undergoes remineralisation including disinfection and fluoridation, to meet high quality drinking water standards. technicalinformation TREATMENT PROCESS DIAGRAM 12 seawater reverse osmosis trains 6 brackish water reverse osmosis trains (1st pass) Brackish water reverse osmosis trains (2nd pass)Potable water tank Permeate tank Pressure exchangers Discharge Water supply network 14 cartridge filters24 dual media filters Centrifugal pump Seawater open intake REMINERALISATION
  4. 4. The seawater inlet and brine discharge are in Cockburn Sound, an area of environmental sensitivity. Such sensitivity meant a requirement for strict consideration and monitoring of total dissolved solids, temperature, dissolved oxygen and sediment habitat in the vicinity. To minimise the environmental footprint an innovative system of brine dispersion has been used which manages the dispersion and dilution into the aquatic environment. The discharge area has limited natural mixing so a diffuser-based outfall was designed and located half a kilometre offshore with multiple ports spaced at intervals along the final 200 m of the diffuser. Extensive monitoring in place since the plant has been in operation. This ensures that marine habitat and fauna are Characteristics Mimimum Average Maximum Seawater TSS (mg/L) 1 3 9 Seawater salinity (g/L) 36 36.5 37.1 Temperature (°C) 14 20.2 26 RO 1st pass TDS (mg/L) 150-200 250-300 RO 2nd pass TDS (mg/L) 10-20 <50 Production TDS (mg/L) 200 Production Br (mg/L) 0.1 Production turbidity (NTU) <0.1 Production water (pH) 8.2 design criteria protected. Pictures taken since operation began have shown that the areas around the diffusers and the intake structure are abundant with marine life. Energy consumption plays a large part in the design of a desalination plant. The PSDP uses innovative technology including pressure exchangers which provide energy savings of up to 20%. The most energy intensive part of the plant, accounting for up to 50% of total operational costs is the pressurisation of the water up to 60 bars prior to the reverse osmosis process. The pressure exchangers recover the residual pressure of the concentrated brine discharge which is then transferred to the feed flow of the seawater at an efficiency rate of 95%. SUEZworkscloselywithWaterCorporationtodeliversoundenvironmentaloutcomes
  5. 5. PROJECT cAPACITY 143.7MLD typeof contract Designand ConstructionAlliance Operationsand MaintenanceAlliance CONTRACT DURATION D&B 2005-2006 O&M2007-2032 ESTIMATED population served 2Million Desalination Project Perth Seawater Perth WA MLD: Megalitres Per Day
  6. 6. IMAG02196 SUEZAustralia&NewZealand Level 3, 3 Rider Boulevard RHODES NSW 2138 Australia State Offices QUEENSLAND 28 Weyba Street Banyo QLD 4014 SOUTH AUSTRALIA 133 Cormack Road Wingfield SA 5013 WESTERN AUSTRALIA 116 Kurnall Road Welshpool WA 6106 Printed on 100% recycled paper created entirely from post consumer waste, using vegetable oil based inks and an alcohol-free ISO 14001 certified printing process.

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The start of the 21st Century brought growing concern in Western Australia over the declining natural supplies of water across the region. To safeguard the future in the longer term it was clear that Perth needed to diversify its water strategy. Find more here http://www.degremont.com.au/projects/perth-seawater-desalination-plant

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