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Getting Great Starts
Mila Berhane, Senior Research Associate
and
Stephanie Elwood, Extension Associate
Southern University...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
“Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Succe...
Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center
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Getting Great Starts: Vegetable Production

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Educational presentation that focuses on the best systems for growing transplants in heated tunnels or greenhouses. (January 2016)

Published in: Food
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Getting Great Starts: Vegetable Production

  1. 1. Getting Great Starts Mila Berhane, Senior Research Associate and Stephanie Elwood, Extension Associate Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center Baton Rouge, LA | January 2016
  2. 2. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sustainable practices • Large diversity of plants • Minimum use of fertilizers and pesticides • Integrated pest management • Water by hand and harvest rain water • Recycling of pots and soil • Composting • Sanitation
  3. 3. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Types of greenhouses • Can be divided into glass & plastic greenhouses. • Commercial greenhouses are often high- tech production facilities for vegetables or flowers. • The glass or plastic greenhouses can contain equipment such as screening installations, heating, cooling and lighting, and may be automatically controlled by a computer.
  4. 4. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Greenhouse Materials Plastic Shade Cloth
  5. 5. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  6. 6. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  7. 7. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  8. 8. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Production • Most vegetables require ground beds • Raised benches are used in the production of pot crops and transplants
  9. 9. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Production • Raising the benches above the ground allows air to flow more freely around the crop and permits a warmer root-zone temperature to be maintained. • A framework of pipe constructed above a regular bench allows for hanging baskets to be grown above another crop
  10. 10. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Production
  11. 11. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  12. 12. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  13. 13. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  14. 14. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  15. 15. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  16. 16. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  17. 17. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  18. 18. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Benches  The most important quality of a bench is its capacity for rapid drainage.  Any wood used in the construction of greenhouse benches should be preserved with some type of preservative.  One determines the number and width of aisles by finding the width of the carts needed in the aisles, and whether the crop can be worked from one side or needs to be accessible from both.
  19. 19. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  20. 20. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  21. 21. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  22. 22. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  23. 23. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Washington Career and Technology Center High School Greenhouse
  24. 24. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Opelousas Lighthouse Mission, Homeless Men’s Shelter
  25. 25. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Watering and fertilizing • Plugs should be watered thoroughly in the morning and spot watered in mid- afternoon • Do not water in the evening; foliage should be dry to avoid diseases • Hand water • Fertilizer needs will depend on the crop • Vegetable plugs are usually fertilized with liquid fertilizer (20-10- 20) or organic liquid fertilizer. • High P may promote elongation
  26. 26. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Watering and Fertilizing • Dip with Organic Liquid Fertilizer
  27. 27. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Watering and fertilizing
  28. 28. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  29. 29. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  30. 30. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sanitation • Control weeds inside and outside greenhouse to avoid disease and pests • If reusing trays and pots, wash them to remove any soil and dirt • Use 10% bleach solution to disinfect pots and surface
  31. 31. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Disease prevention • Daily scouting to detect pests or diseases • Keeping it clean regardless of size • Proper ventilation to prevent damping off, therefore avoid fungus gnats and shore flies • Avoid algae growth by spreading lime underneath benches
  32. 32. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  33. 33. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Pest Control
  34. 34. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  35. 35. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Cutworms • Cut young stems near soil line • Active at night • Hide under the soil or under debris • Might climb and chew on green leaves or fruits • Hand pick • Protect young plants with physical barrier • Use BT
  36. 36. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Alternatives to Chemicals
  37. 37. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Potting Mix • Prepare by mixing ingredients • Purchase ready to use
  38. 38. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Growing Media • Purchase a soil-less mix suitable for growing seedlings ( PRO-Mix BX, Germination Mix). • For organic seedlings, an organic mix is needed ( commercial or homemade) . • Prepare your own mix, it is less expensive
  39. 39. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Ready to use Potting Mix
  40. 40. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Preparing Potting Mix
  41. 41. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Basic Organic Mix • ½ cu. yd. sphagnum peat ½ cu. yd. vermiculite 10 lbs. bonemeal 5 lbs. ground limestone 5 lbs. bloodmeal (source ATTRA)
  42. 42. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Alternative to Peat Moss • Because of environmental concerns, there are alternatives to using peat moss when making your own mix • Compost, adds micronutrients to soil • Coir or coconut fiber, a sustainable alternative to peat. • Composted leaves • Pine needles Pine needle mulch is popular where pine trees are abundant
  43. 43. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” An example: 72 plugs of broccoli • Soiless mix Pro mix BX $0.56 • 72 plugs tray $1.00 • 100 seeds Arcadia Broccoli $0.77 • Total cost for 72plugs: $ 2.33 • Labor and fertilizer not included • 1 tray from commercial grower: $66.95 for 280 plugs.
  44. 44. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Economical analysis • Promix 3.8 CU.FT $39.00 • 3.8 CU. FT yields 25 tray -4” pots • Promix for 18- 4” $1.56 • 18- 4” pots $.86 • Cost soil+pot $2.42 • A 4” pot will sell between $1.00-2.50 • Price of Labor and seeds not included
  45. 45. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Compost • Animal manure • Kitchen waste • Composted mulch • Garden waste
  46. 46. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  47. 47. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  48. 48. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  49. 49. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” …even a pregnant woman can compost!
  50. 50. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  51. 51. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Seed and Plant Selection • Open pollinated/ Hybrid • Treated /Untreated • Organic/Heirloom • Resistance to diseases • Variety selection • Local/Catalogs/On line Obtain the best seed money can buy!!!
  52. 52. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sowing Seed in the Greenhouse • The correct timing of seed sowing is very important • Most seeds should be sown 4 to 12 weeks prior to transplanting. • Be sure to harden off before field planting
  53. 53. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sowing Seed • Readiness for outdoor planting will vary with germination time, growth rate and weather conditions. • Seed catalogs and packets provide this useful information.
  54. 54. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sowing Seed (Cont’d.) • Fill the container to within 1/4 inch of the top with moistened seed-starting medium. • To keep the medium moist, and birds and rodents away, cover the tray. • Once seedlings germinate, remove the cover. • Place the container in a location that has high light intensity and cooler temperatures.
  55. 55. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Heating pads to grow seedlings
  56. 56. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Sowing seed (cont’d) • Sow very small seeds by sprinkling on top of the medium and pressing in. • Sow medium-size and larger seed in rows 1 to 2 inches apart, and 1/8 to 1/4 inches deep. • Plant two or three seeds per cell or pot. When they germinate, divide the group into individuals.
  57. 57. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  58. 58. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Label and Date Your Trays
  59. 59. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Transplant Tray Selection • Plug size influences the field performance • Larger transplants result in better crops in the field • Larger plugs take more greenhouse space and are more expensive • We use 36 or 72 plugs/tray • Trays must be elevated from ground
  60. 60. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” 72 Cell Tray Plugs
  61. 61. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” 500 Cell Tray Plugs
  62. 62. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Jiffy Pot/ 50 per tray
  63. 63. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Recycled Pots and materials Great school activity
  64. 64. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Jiffy pots can be Individually dispersed or sold
  65. 65. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  66. 66. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Finishing and Hardening Your Seedlings • Reduce or increase the temperature in the greenhouse through ventilation • Reduce watering to let plants wilt slightly • Hold plants outside for several days before planting • Planting in the field on a cloudy day or late in the evening when possible.
  67. 67. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  68. 68. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Seedlings ready to be planted
  69. 69. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Uses of Transplants • Commercial use • School Gardens • Community Gardens • On-farm Research • Farming/Gardening Workshops
  70. 70. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  71. 71. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  72. 72. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  73. 73. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  74. 74. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  75. 75. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  76. 76. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  77. 77. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  78. 78. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  79. 79. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  80. 80. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  81. 81. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Growing for Market
  82. 82. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  83. 83. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  84. 84. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  85. 85. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  86. 86. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  87. 87. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  88. 88. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  89. 89. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” The Many Uses of Transplants
  90. 90. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success”
  91. 91. Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center “Linking Citizens of Louisiana with Opportunities for Success” Contact Us Mila Berhane, Senior Research Associate Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center Email: milagro_berhane@suagcenter.com or greenhand@cox.net Stephanie Elwood, Extension Associate Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center Email: Stephanie_elwood@suagcenter.com

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