Apa style tutorial


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Created by Larry Treadwell. You can find the accompanying video on the library's tutorials page: http://www.stu.edu/lib/Research/CitationStyleManuals/Tutorials/tabid/3872/Default.aspx

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Apa style tutorial

  1. 1. The University Library Presents APA Style made “almost” easy
  2. 2. What is APA style • APA Style Manual is published by the American Psychological Association – It is widely used among the social sciences to document • What research and information was used • Who the authors are • Where the research was found or published • When it was published or created • Why it was used, and • How it was used
  3. 3. Why use it • Because it is fun – Alright so it isn’t fun, but your professors require it, and using APA is certainly more fun then failing a paper, or being accused of cheating and plagiarism.
  4. 4. Formatting the Paper • Setting the Margins: APA requires 1 inch margins – Set the Margins in MS Word is under the Page Layout tab. – Select Margins, then select Normal.
  5. 5. Formatting the Paper cont. • In APA style the paper should be double spaced, with 0 “spacing” before and after each line. • Double spacing formatting is under “paragraph” on the Home tab.
  6. 6. • Font size should be Times New Roman or Arial at 12 pt font. • The font and the font size can be adjusted from the Home tab. Font Size
  7. 7. The Header • Every Document has a header with the document title and page number. – The Header should be in ALL CAPS and Left Align. – To Insert a Header, select the Insert Tab and the first header option.
  8. 8. The Header, cont. • Be sure to select the “Different First Page” option.
  9. 9. Page Numbers The Header is Left align, but the Page Numbers are Right aligned and are inserted the same way as the Header. 1. After inserting the Header, the Click on the Insert Tab, 2. Select Page Number 3. Then Select Current Position 4. Then hit the “Tab” key until the page number is all the way to the edge of the right margin.
  10. 10. Header & Page Numbers • After Inserting the Header and the Page Number, the end result should look like the example below, with the Header left aligned in ALL CAPS and the Page Number right aligned.
  11. 11. Title Page The Title Page should contain at a minimum the following: Running head: FIRST 5 -10 WORDS OF THE TITLE OF PAPER (left aligned) The Title of the Paper (centered) The Author(s) of the Paper(centered) The University Name (centered) The Date (centered)
  12. 12. Headings • APA has 5 levels of Headings. For papers students will primarily only use the first 3 heading levels. See p.62 of APA Manual Level 1 Heading: Bold, Centered and Upper and Lowercase Text Level 1 heading are the paper’s major sections such as: Chapter 1, Introduction, Literature Review, Analysis, Discussion, References, and Methodology Level 2 Heading: Left Aligned, Bold Upper and Lowercase Text Level 2 headings are sections or subdivisions of level 1 headings such as: Instrument, Participants, Procedure, and Materials Level 3 Heading: Indented, bold, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Level 3 headings are sections and subdivisions of Level 2 headings.
  13. 13. APA Style Guide • The University Library has an APA style guide available in pdf format under the Research and Citation Guides on the Library’s main page www.stu.edu/library • The style guide covers – Documenting sources – Formatting the paper – Creating a reference list – And Quotes
  14. 14. Writing the Paper • If you are writing an APA paper you may not write in first or second person unless specifically allowed by the professor. – Therefore, You may not use I, you, we, us, and our. – Additionally, phrases like, this author believes, this authors opinions are also not acceptable. • The paper may require your opinion, but this means that your paper take a stance and that the writing and research provided support your opinion. This does not mean that it is ok to write I, you, we, us and our. • For example, I would not write: – I believe that Manchester United is the best football club in the world. Instead the sentence should look more like – Manchester United is the biggest and best football club in the world, and should be supported by everyone (Treadwell, 2013). • The above statement clearly expresses the belief of the writer and provides supporting research with similar beliefs as well.
  15. 15. Writing the Paper cont. • APA papers are based upon the research. Any and all information must be supported by research in the form of in text or parenthetical citations.
  16. 16. References In APA style, every paper must have References. This is not optional. The reference list is the basis for the information that will be discussed in the paper. 1. Reference must be on their own page with the heading References in bold. 2. Reference must be arranged in alphabetical order by author’s last name. 3. References must be cited in the paper. If an item is on the Reference list, it MUST be cited within the paper. 4. References are double spaced and have a hanging indent, unless otherwise specified. 5. Only the first word in the title is capitalized unless the word is a proper noun. 6. No first names are used. Use the author(s) last name and first initial. 7. The publication title is italicized. For books this means the book title is italicized, for newspapers, magazines and journals the journal title is italicized. 8. For examples of specific types of references like websites, see the St. Thomas University Library APA cheat sheet and the APA Manual.
  17. 17. References List Example References Armstrong, G., &Giulianotti, R. (2001). Fear and loathing in world football. Oxford: Berg. Manchester United (2013). IamUnited. Retrieved from www.manutd.com Rowley, J. (2005). Brand and club alliances: Manchester United and Britannia building society. Management Research News, 28(8), 55-60. Shaw, D. R. (2007). Manchester United football club: Developing a network orchestration model. European Journal of Information Systems, 16(5), 628-642. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.ejis.3000702 Vincent, J., Hill, J. S., & Lee, J. W. (2009). The multiple brand personalities of David Beckham: A case study of the Beckham brand. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 18(3), 173-180.
  18. 18. In Text Citations a.k.a. Parenthetical Citations APA styles an author & date method for in text citations. 1. Any information provided must have a citation supporting it. 2. Any information directly quoted must have a citations supporting it and a page or paragraph number. • (Shaw, 2007, p. 10) • (Shaw, 2007, para. 12) 3. If statistics are provided, the statistics must have a supporting citation with a page or paragraph number. See above. 4. The easiest way to provide correct attribution for a reference is to provide the author and the date inside ( ) at the end of the sentence. See examples below. Examples from Reference list. These are just examples and are hypothetical and do not necessarily accurately reflect the research. Fear and loathing are common place in football through out the world (Armstrong, &Giulianotti, 2001). Throughout the world over 1 billion people support Manchester United F.C. (Shaw, 2007, p. 10). Since, Manchester United is the largest football club in the world it can play a strong role in the development of acceptable societal norms (Rowley, 2005).
  19. 19. Questions and Answers APA is easy to learn but it takes some time. If you have questions, please come to the University Library or contact the Librarians, we are happy to help you with your research and APA style. • Gricel Dominguez Assistant Library Administrator and Public Services Librarian MLIS, University of South Florida MA, Florida International University BA, Florida International University Office: 305-628-6665 gdominguez@stu.edu • Jonathan C. Roach Library Administrator PhD, Practical Theology, St. Thomas University MDiv, Ecumenical Theological Seminary MLIS, Wayne State University BA, Anderson University Office: 305-628-6627 jroach@stu.edu • Larry Treadwell IV Instructional Coordinator Associate Professor MLS, University of South Florida BA, Florida Atlantic University Office: 305-474-6860 ltreadwell@stu.edu
  20. 20. The End