Indignenous Education in the Americas

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Indignenous Education in the Americas

  1. 1. Comparing Wyoming and Bolivian Indigenous Education Policies and Practices<br />Burnett Whiteplume<br />Carie Green<br />Social Justice Research Grant<br />
  2. 2. First Encounters <br />Airport exchanges<br />Different Perspectives<br />Apparent Separation<br />
  3. 3. Problem Statement:<br />In Bolivia and Wyoming Indigenous students are struggling in culturally-irrelevant classrooms.<br />Policies and practices are evolving to address this. <br />
  4. 4. Methodology<br />Diverse Perspectives<br />Co-constructed Narratives (Ellis, 2004) <br />Site Visits<br />Bolivia – three schools<br />WY – two schools<br />Preliminary Findings<br />
  5. 5. Preliminary Study<br />Language and Cultural Barriers<br />Initial contacts<br />Building relationships<br />Developing trust<br />Time constraints<br />
  6. 6. Gaining Access<br />Indian<br />Congress of Indigenous Peoples<br />Technical Assistance<br />White<br />Pre-service Teachers<br />
  7. 7. Politics in both countriesA Brief History<br />Bolivia<br />Gained Independence in 1805. All citizens were considered equal. <br />Wyoming<br />Wind River Reservation (home of the Arapaho and Shoshone Tribes) established in 1868.<br />American Indians recognized as citizens in 1924.<br />
  8. 8. Bolivia <br />Department of Education<br /> Nine states of Bolivia<br /> School Districts in States<br /> Local Schools<br />
  9. 9. Wyoming<br />Indian Schools<br />Tribes<br />School District<br />Local School<br />Public Education<br />U.S.<br />Wyoming<br />School Districts<br />Local School<br />
  10. 10. Traditions & Customs<br />Bolivia<br />All equal<br />Indigenous epistemologies interwoven<br />Absence of Legal and Political basis<br />Anyone can file a claim<br />Wyoming<br />Indian Removal<br />Indian epistemologies suppressed<br />Legal and Political basis<br />Land is owned by Indians<br />
  11. 11. Constitutional AmendmentEvoMorales <br />Implementation of second language acquisition for government officials (teachers)<br />Passed 2009<br />Normal School policy of language instruction<br />Resistance <br />Insufficient funding<br />
  12. 12. Language and Culture<br />Bolivia<br />Wyoming<br />Spanish<br />Aymara<br />Quencha<br />Policy<br />Have to<br />English<br />Arapaho<br />Shoshone<br />No Policy<br />Want to<br />
  13. 13. New Bolivian Education Policy<br />AvelinoSiñani<br />Passed December 2010<br />“Decolonizing, liberating, anti-imperialist, revolutionary and transformative.”<br />Emphasis on early-childhood education<br />Opposition<br />Church- deny parents the right to choose religious education <br />Teacher training state instituted<br />
  14. 14. Bolivia-Wyoming Partnership<br />Indios<br />American Indian<br />Campesinos<br />Native American<br />Thank you<br />

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