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Soil Management For Natural Farming

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By C. Venkat Reddy

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Soil Management For Natural Farming

  1. 1. by : Chinthala venkat reddy Innovator, grape grower, Director, grape growers federation of india , Former president AP grape growers association, Former member, research advisory council of NRC for grapes,pune. Former member , planning committee for standing policy of ICAR , new delhi. # 6-46/B, old alwal, secunderabad, hyderabad, INDIA , 500010. cell no:+91 9866883336 E-mail: cvreddyind@gmail.com
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Background Of Invention • Recollection • Process • Yield Reports • Nutritional Values Of The Crops • Patents • Farm Visits • Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction  This sustainable invention relates to the enhancing soil fertility in cultivated lands with no inputs of chemical fertilizers and pesticides/fungicides leading to high yields with high nutritive values and the best quality crops.  This Invention Is A Sustainable Green Revolution Leading To:  Successive High Yields (Double Yields).  High Quality Food Crops.  High Nutritive Value.  Healthy Plants.  Restoration Of The Original Medicinal Properties of a Plant.  Abundance of unused sub-soil in the farm.  Abundance of sunlight in summer months to dry the soil in tropical countries like india.  Preservation of sun dried sub-soil by covering it with plastic covers or taruplins protecting it from rain for further applications.
  4. 4. Background From 2002 onwards, we noticed decrease in yields of grpaes produce in our farm Regular application of chemicals and manure were in place Drought spells led to shriveling of grapes Application of EDTA yielded no improvement Based on our observation of poor soil condition, we started applying New Soil From Uncultivated Area of The Farm,  this Led To The Vigorous New Growth Of Shoots Of Grape Plants But Heavy Application Of New Soil Only Once Led To High Yields, but Was Not Enough To Sustain The Quality Of Crop This Led Us To Application Of Small Quantity Of Dried Subsoil In Regular Intervals In The Growth Stage Till The Harvest Of The Fruit.
  5. 5. A PROCESS TO IMPROVE THE NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF THE SOIL IN THE CULTIVATED LANDS (PCT /IN 2004/000185) AND (PCT/IN2012/000308) THE PROCESS OF INVENTION 1 . A trench of 4 feet depth and 2.5 feet width is dug at one side of the field. Subsoil excavation The used topsoil of 4 to 6 inches depth from all over the field is removed and placed in the trench.
  6. 6. DRYING OF EXCAVATED SUBSOIL AND ITS APPLICATION BY SPREADING SUBSOIL ON THE FIELD AS REQUIRED
  7. 7. DRYING THE HEAP OF SUB SOIL 4 . THE EXCAVATED SUBSOIL IS SUN DRIED IN SUMMER MONTHS AS IT INCREASES THE NUTRIENTS SUCH AS NITROGEN AND BRINGS ALL OTHER NUTRIENTS TO AVAILABLE FORM.
  8. 8. PRESERVATION OF DRIED SUBSOIL THE SUN DRIED SUBSOIL IS PRESERVED FOR FURTHER APPLICATIONS BY COVERING IT WITH PLASTIC COVERS OR TARPULINS TO PROTECT IT FROM RAIN
  9. 9. DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS OF DRIED SUBSOIL Under drip irrigation - application of dried subsoil of 1 kg at the drip point at regular intervals of growth of the plants till the harvest of the fruit. The dried subsoil can also suitably sprayed@20kg /200litre of water
  10. 10. Dried Subsoil Rich In Nutrients Is Mixed In A Water Channel Of Tank Which Settles On The Top Layer. At Regular (Need Based) Intervals In The Growth Stages Of Crops This Application Should Be Done. Dried subsoil rich in nutrients is mixed in a water channel of drum. For paddy cultivation drain out the stagnent water before this application.
  11. 11. In dried sub-soil having small stones can be mixed with water in a jali or iron-mesh. This method is best suited in hyderabad region or soils having small stones.
  12. 12. APPLICATION OF SUN DRIED TOP SOIL IN DRIP IRRIGATED CROPS LIKE GRAPE SUN DRIED TOP SOIL FROM THE MIDDLE OF THE LANE IS APPLIED AT THE DRIP POINT . IN GRAPES THIS HELPS TO INCREASE THE PULP AND SWEETNESS OF THE GRAPES.
  13. 13. PARTICLES OF SUB-SOIL CAN BE SPRAYED TO ALL CROPS THE PEST CANNOT DIGEST THE DECANTED SOLUTION CONTAINING SUB SOIL CLAY CONTENTS BECAUSE, INSECTS DO NOT HAVE LIVER AND THE SPRAYED SOLUTION ON THEIR BODY PREVENTS RESPIRATION RESULTING IN SUFFOCATION AS THEY DON’T HAVE LUNGS, HENCE THE PEST CANNOT SURVIVE ON THE CROPS. ALONG WITH PEST CONTROL THE SPRAYED SOLUTION ALSO HELPS IN HEALTHY AND FAST GROWTH OF CROPS ACTING AS NUTRITION TO THE CROPS WITHIN HOURS OF SPRAYING.
  14. 14. SOIL SPRAY DOSAGE AND MIXING TAKE 20-30KGS OF SOIL (DEPENDING UPON THE STRUCTURE OF THE SOIL) IN 200 LITRES OF WATER. STIR IT WELL. WAIT FOR 30-60 MINUTES TO SETTLE HEAVY SOIL PARTICLES AT THE BOTTOMOF THE DRUM. FILTER THE TOP FLOATING SOLUTION (150-160 LITRES OF SOLUTION) AND THEN SPRAY IT. REMAINING BOTTOM SETTLED SOLUTION CAN BE APPLIED TO ROOT ZONE OF THE CROPS.
  15. 15. Formulation for Spray Mixing dried top soil Mixing dried sub-soil soil Stirring of soil in water i. Wait for settling of sediment for 30minutes ii. filter top floating solution iii. Stir the solution iv. Spray this formulation v. Sediment can used for root application
  16. 16. YIELD REPORTS : Wheat & Rice Wheat Yield Reports ( Variety Lok – 1) Average Yield Of 6 Successive Crops From 2004 To 2009 Recorded By Crida (ICAR Institute) Is 5.631 Tons Per Hectare. In India The Average Yield Of Wheat Is 2.5 To 3 Tons Per Hectare. Rice crop yield reports (variety bpt 5204) average yield of 5 successive crops from 2003 to 2007 recorded by angrau university scientists is 10.818 tons per hectare. In india the average yield of rice is 5 to 6.5 tons per hectare.
  17. 17. Yield report of grape:12 yrs old thompson seedless grape plantation in the year 2012 – 2013 is 73.22 tons per hectare i.E 34.3kg per plant as recorded by grape research station dr.Y.S.R horticulture university,hyderabad
  18. 18. A SAMPLE OF 100 GRAMS OF RICE CONTAINS : VITAMIN A - 1242 IU VITAMIN C - 6.O mg NORMAL VALUES OF VIT A AND VIT C IN RICE IS ZERO . A SAMPLE OF 100 GRAMS OF WHEAT (VARIETY LOK -1) CONTAINS: VITAMIN A - 1370 IU VITAMIN C - 6.10 mg NORMAL VALUES IN WHEAT : VIT C = 0 , VIT A = 64 micrograms OR 213 IU. A CASE STUDY CONDUCTED BY A DOCTOR (GENERAL PHYSICIAN) ON NIGHT BLINDNESS (XEROPTHALMIA) A CHILD OF 12 YRS OLD WAS GIVEN THE RICE 3 TIMES DAILY FOR A PERIOD OF 6 MONTHS THE NIGHT BLINDNESS WAS COMPLETELY CURED.
  19. 19. IN GRAPE – WE OVER CAME THE STEM BORER PROBLEM WITH GUM OOZING FROM THE BORER SITES EFFECTIVELY CLOSING THE BORE HOLES. CANE WHICH WAS DRYING UP DUE TO THE STEM BORERS STARTED TO GROW WITH A NEW SHOOT. AFTER A VERY HIGH YIELD OF 34 KG PER PLANT WHICH WAS SUSTAINED NEXT YEAR ALSO WITHOUT SHOWING ANY SIGNS OF WEAKNESS. *ALL TYPES OF CROPS WERE RESISTANT TO VIRAL INFECTIONS. IN RICE AND WHEAT CROPS HAVE SHOWN LEAST PEST ATTACK.
  20. 20. THE MOST EXPENSIVE PART OF THE INVENTION IS PATENTING HAVE APPLIED PATENTS FOR ABOUT 60 COUNTRIES. PCT CLEAREANCE WAS GIVEN ON 5th JAN 2006 WITH INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION NO. WO 2006/001030A1 (WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANISATION – WIPO) INDIAN PATENT NO. – 239213. EUROPEAN PATENT NO. – EP1765051. (THIS INCLUDES 27 EUROPEAN COUNTRIES) EURASIAN PATENT NO. – 009849.(THIS INCLUDES 8 COUNTRIES) SOUTH AFRICA PATENT NO. – 2006/10717. MADAGASCAR PATENT NO. – 00358. MEXICO PATENT NO. – 284623.
  21. 21. PHILIPPINES PATENT NO. – 502608. VIETNAM PATENT NO. – 8308. AUSTRALIA PATENT NO. – 2004320989. SRI LANKA PATENT NO. – 14338. ROMANIA PATENT NO. – RO 1765051. NIGERIA PATENT NO. – 16734. SLOVENSKA PATENT NO.– E5947. ANOTHER PATENT FOR VIT.A IN EUROPEAN PUBLICATION NO. EP2272313A1. WIPO FILING DATE WAS ON 27/4/2012 FOR “A PROCESS OF ENHANCING SOIL NUTRITION AND ITS PRESERVATION” AND ITS PUBLICATION ON 19th SEPTEMBER 2013 WITH NUMBER –WO/2013/136340
  22. 22. INDIAN PATENT COPY& EUROPEAN PATENT COPY
  23. 23. PROF. M S SWAMINATHAN LETTER OF APPRECIATION
  24. 24. APPRICIATION OF THE PATENT BY PRESIDENT OF USA GEORGE W. BUSH ON THE 2ND OF MARCH, 2006
  25. 25. 16th OCTOBER 2007 IN CSSRI(ICAR INSTITUTE) KARNAL, HARAYANA IN KISHAN GOSTHI
  26. 26. FARMERS FROM JIND DISTRICT, HARAYANA VISITED FARM ON 25th OCT.2008
  27. 27. FELICTATION IN APRIL 2009 ON WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DAY IN NEW DELHI.
  28. 28. PROPAGATION OF THE INVENTION WITH FARMERS IN JIND DISTRICT, HARYANA
  29. 29. NATIONAL AWARD WINNER AT INDIA-AGRI AWARDS ON 21st FEB 2012 AT NEW DELHI.
  30. 30. FELICTATION ON 9th SEPTEMBER 2013 AT GANDHINAGAR,GUJRAT BY GOVT. OF GUJRAT.
  31. 31. Conclusion  In this eco-friendly and low cost sustainable invention we have observed that dried subsoil when applied at regular intervals is responsible for the active growth, high strength of the fruit or crop and successive very high yields. Further original qualities of the plant are perfectly exhibited.  While the dried top soil is responsible for sweetness of the fruit ,darker color of the green leaves ,since it is rich in nitrogen and not for high yields.  Any other organic matter like cow dung, vermicompost, groundnut cake, castor cake etc having organic carbon will maintain the greenness of leaves and are effective during rainy season ,increases the size of berry or fruit.  In this process of invention every step is well documented and analyzed in the filing of patents.

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