Intro To Sentence Diagramming

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Intro To Sentence Diagramming

  1. 1. Sentence Diagramming<br /><ul><li>Identification of parts of a sentence by using a diagram
  2. 2. Subjects- ALWAYS going to be a NOUN or PRONOUN; the subject is what the sentence is about; the subject PERFORMS the action in the sentence
  3. 3. Your mom is cool.
  4. 4. The dog ate the cow.
  5. 5. Predicates- ALWAYS going to be a VERB; the predicate is what is being done in the sentence; the subject performs the PREDICATE
  6. 6. I got a giant ladder and went to the moon.
  7. 7. The cow jumped over the moon.
  8. 8. Adjectives- describe NOUNS; adjectives tell what kind, how many, which one, etc.
  9. 9. The little mouse ate ten cargo planes in one bite.
  10. 10. The majestic lion ate the deer.
  11. 11. Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates
  12. 12. Compound= 2 or more
  13. 13. Compound subjects have 2 or more subjects.
  14. 14. Compound predicates have 2 or more predicates.
  15. 15. Maria and Jim slept.
  16. 16. The boys and the girls ran.
  17. 17. Cara jumped and hopped.
  18. 18. Bunnies and kangaroos eat and hop.
  19. 19. Predicate Adjectives and Predicate Nouns
  20. 20. Predicate adjectives and predicate nouns always following BEING verbs.
  21. 21. Common Being/Linking Verbs:
  22. 22. smell- Your perfume smells sweet.
  23. 23. look- Audrey looks weird.
  24. 24. taste- Apple pie tastes delicious.
  25. 25. feel- I feel disgusted.
  26. 26. appear- I appeared happy at school.
  27. 27. are- Are you ready?
  28. 28. been- Have you ever been silly?
  29. 29. was- Was that a pig?
  30. 30. become- You can become a superstar.
  31. 31. am- Am I your master?
  32. 32. is- This is the party.
  33. 33. being- Have you been being bad lately?
  34. 34. be- Be a cockroach.
  35. 35. were- We were animals.
  36. 36. seem- You seem angry.
  37. 37. Adverbs
  38. 38. A word that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb. Adverbs tell you how, when, where, and to what extent something is being done.
  39. 39. HOW: I baked a cake quickly. (verb)
  40. 40. WHEN: I baked a cake yesterday. (verb)
  41. 41. WHERE: I baked a cake here. (verb)
  42. 42. TO WHAT EXTENT: I baked a cake very quickly. (adverb)
  43. 43. I baked a very good cake. (adjective)
  44. 44. *Adverbs usually end in LY.
  45. 45. Direct Objects
  46. 46. A direct object is either a noun or pronoun.
  47. 47. A direct object receives the action in the sentences.
  48. 48. A sentence must have a transitive verb in order to have a direct object.
  49. 49. If there is an intransitive or linking verb, there is NO direct object.
  50. 50. Find the subject.
  51. 51. Find the predicate.
  52. 52. Ask yourself who/what is receiving the action in the sentence OR the subject does what?</li></ul>Examples:<br />I baked a cake for his birthday. (Cake is receiving the action of BAKING.)<br />Will you buy me a pony? (Pony is receiving the action of BUYING.)<br />Take the books to your teacher. (Books are receiving the action of TAKING.)<br />Indirect Objects<br /><ul><li>You cannot have an indirect object without a transitive verb.
  53. 53. There will be NO indirect object if there is no direct object.
  54. 54. An indirect object is a noun/pronoun that is being affected by the action in the sentence.</li></ul>Ask yourself:<br /><ul><li>What is the subject?
  55. 55. What is the predicate?
  56. 56. What is the direct object?
  57. 57. Who or what is being affected by the action?</li></ul>A sentence with an indirect object will always follow this pattern:<br />S - subject<br />P - predicate<br />I – indirect object<br />D – direct object<br />Examples: <br />Julia sings her friend a song.<br />Justin Bieber gave Kyle his liver.<br />Michael Jackson sent a homeless person Kyle.<br />Prepositional Phrases<br />Preposition + (modifiers) object of a preposition = prepositional phrase<br /><ul><li>Prepositional phrases will never contain the predicate, subject, direct object, nor direct object in the sentence.</li></ul>Preposition- a word that shows a relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in the sentence.<br /><ul><li>Usually one short word</li></ul>Object of a preposition- a noun/pronoun that follows a preposition<br /><ul><li>Can be compound
  58. 58. May have modifiers</li></ul>Examples:<br />I went (inside the house).<br />(On the top) (of the fridge) you will find the bottle.<br />Take the donations (to this thrift store and that mission).<br />

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