Participatory Web


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Presentation given to MIMAS staff regarding open data visualisaiton utilities

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Participatory Web

  1. 1. The ‘Participatory Web’ and Data Visualisation Tools Stuart Macdonald EDINA National Data Centre & Edinburgh University Data Library
  2. 2. <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>DISC-UK DataShare </li></ul><ul><li>A JISC-funded collaborative project led by EDINA at the University of Edinburgh, with the University of Oxford, the London School of Economics (LSE) and the University of Southampton. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore new pathways to assist academics wishing to share their data over the Internet via Institutional Repositories (IRs) </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate alternative mechanisms for researchers to share data beyond the IR. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Data Visualisation: The set of techniques used to turn a set of data into visual insight. It aims to give the data a meaningful representation by exploiting the powerful discerning capabilities of the human eye*. * Edinburgh Online Graphics Dictionary –
  4. 4. <ul><ul><ul><li>Programmableweb - http:// /tag/mapping - map or spatial mash-up ‘resource discovery tool’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GeoCommons – - ‘brings intelligence to the GeoWeb, unleashing tools and data’ (downloadable as CSV, KML, Shape) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OpenStreetMap – free editable map of the whole world - see also Platial, Mapbuilder, Mapufacture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BODC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SRON & KMNI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USGS Earthquake Hazards Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNHCR layer in Google Earth – mash together news, images, video, statistical databases relating to refugees across the globe via the “Google Earth Outreach programme” - </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Data Visualisation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis - </li></ul><ul><li>develop computing technologies in several disciplines which deal with geography, space, location and the built environment - </li></ul><ul><li>GeoVUE – one of the 7 nodes of the National Centre for e-Social Science set up to develop ‘new kinds of virtual urban environments’ (VUEs) through which users can participate in furthering their understanding of cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>London Profiler - link publicly available datasets such as Population Census to non-proprietary mapping e.g. visualising a neighbourhood's geodemographic profile using different area classifications through Google Maps - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MapTube – a free resource for viewing, sharing, mixing and mashing maps online created by GMapCreator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage in other forms of collaboration e.g. Virtual London (via Second Life) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>… and there’s more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Hopkins University’s Interactive Map Tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supports digital field assignments allowing users to create custom mashups using a variety of digital media, text and data – http:// www.cer.jhu/index.cfm?pageID =351 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Interactive Internet Mapping Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A mapping application that provides maps and imagery similar to Google Maps – claims to be data rich, interactive, secure, easy to use, have analytical capabilities - http:// / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research at Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers mining spatial-temporal data provided by geotagged Flickr photos of urban locations – </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thematic Mapping Engine (TME) enables you to visualise global statistics on Google Earth. The primary data source is UNData - http:// / </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Numeric Data Visualisation Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Open’ ethos – anyone can upload/download or use data </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Services embracing Web 2.0 business models </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative and participatory – “harnessing collective intelligence” </li></ul><ul><li>The Death of Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>But … </li></ul><ul><li>Ephemeral nature of web </li></ul><ul><li>Not trusted repositories / archives </li></ul><ul><li>If it’s computer generated and looks good it must be right! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Numeric Data Visualisation Utilities
  10. 10. <ul><li>Comparison of 8 Web 2.0 numeric data visualisation tools </li></ul>Upload data file
  11. 11. Horizontal Bar Chart Pie Chart
  12. 12. <ul><li>Macro-data Visualisation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OECD Country Statistical Profiles – OECD statistics in SDMX (Statistical Data Mark-up eXchange) - </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IMF Data Mapper - </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stat@tlas Europe - An online atlas of European statistical themes hosted by the Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eurostat Tables Graphs Maps (TGM) - an interactive user interface to Eurostat data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNData – http:// & UNEP Global Environment Outlook (GEO) Data Portal - - spatial and numeric data visualisation tools </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) - promoting Open Knowledge in a Digital Age - . </li></ul><ul><li>Open Data Commons – set of legal tools to assist in provision and use of open data: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Domain Dedication Licence (PDDL) - public domain for data/databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open Database Licence (ODbL) – Share-alike for data/databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Projects: </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (CKAN) - a registry of open knowledge packages and projects - http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving History - http:// / - spatio-temporal visualisation of events </li></ul><ul><li>Open Economics - provides open content, data and code related to Economics - </li></ul><ul><li>Working groups: Open Environmental Data, Open Geodata </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Wolfram|Alpha & Google Public Data Project </li></ul><ul><li>Wolfram|Alpha – ‘Computational Knowledge Engine’ (or giant semantic calculator) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data maintained by Wolfram Research – collection of curated and standardised datasets include: astronomical, chemical; geopolitical; financial; biomedical; meteorological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploy formulas and algorithms to compute answers for searchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not editable nor interactive – output semantically poor (pixel images) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share prices / weather data delivered in real-time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Public Data Project – ‘ a new search feature that makes it easy to find and </li></ul><ul><li>compare public data’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data from US Bureau of Labour Statistics & US Census Bureau’s Population Division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploy Motion Chart * plus other visualisation tools from Gapminder Trendalyzer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results to search query as interactive and customisable graphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data import facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soliciting more ‘free, authoritative, high quality’ data from governmental agencies, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research institutions </li></ul></ul>* Public use component of Gapminder – part of the Google Visualisation API
  15. 15. Google Squared – a Google Labs project – looks for facts from webpages, pulls them together, and organises them into a table with rows and columns e.g. search for Scottish Islands
  16. 16. Other Semantic innovations Powerset - (Microsoft) Hakia - Calais - (Reuters) AdaptiveBlue - Twine - Freebase - (Metaweb)
  17. 17. <ul><li>Are such utilities a flash in the pan or here to stay? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they more appealing for researchers than IRs? </li></ul><ul><li>Is such functionality desirable in IRs? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they lack gravitas for academic purposes? </li></ul><ul><li>Can/should institutions support the use of these tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Do such ‘open data’ resources contribute to the ‘Global Database’? </li></ul>Food for thought ….
  18. 18. Thank You DISC-UK DataShare [email_address]