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1303 SiCAS Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible

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1303 SiCAS Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible

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Title: SiCAS - Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible
Date: December 15, 2012
Presented by Rena Perez at was presented in Matanzas, Cuba, to a group of approximately 90 persons, agronomists and cane technicians, representing the professionals working in the island’s sugar industry.

Title: SiCAS - Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible
Date: December 15, 2012
Presented by Rena Perez at was presented in Matanzas, Cuba, to a group of approximately 90 persons, agronomists and cane technicians, representing the professionals working in the island’s sugar industry.

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1303 SiCAS Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible

  1. 1. SiCAS Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible
  2. 2. Antecedentes del SiCAS . . . el SICA (Sistema Intensivo de Cultivo Arrocero) TRADICIONAL 25-35+ días de edad SICA 12-24 h del saque 10-12 días ! 3-4 posturas/mota 15-30 minutos !! 10-15 cm una sola !!! “J” 3.5-4.0 t 25 x 25 cm inundado “ L” ± 50% agua 8-11 t VN 2084 40x40cm 87 hijos 52 días y 43 hijos
  3. 3. CPA “Camilo Cienfuegos”, Bahía Honda, Artemisa, Cuba yemas-plantas sembradas 14 de sept, 2011 (foto 17 de nov) 26 de enero, 2012
  4. 4. CPA “Camilo Cienfuegos”, Bahía Honda 17 nov 2011 35 d yemas- plantas sembradas Jan 26 2012 26 ene 2012 14 sep 2011 4 mayo 2012
  5. 5. una hectárea de SiCAS en Bahía Honda 8½m 2m 4½m 8m 8½m
  6. 6. Ñíco, desde que vio SiCAS pensó en la re-siembra, el 10%: la cachaza José Antonio Espinosa (Ñíco) 9 de mayo 2012
  7. 7. 9 de mayo, 2012
  8. 8. LA RESIEMBRA = + 10% PLANTAS
  9. 9. Semilla de caña, t/ha: tradicional vs SiCAS 13 t/ha comparado a . . . . 2 t/ha (0.6 m x 1.4 m e/surcos)
  10. 10. 30 de mayo, 2012
  11. 11. 30 de mayo, 2012
  12. 12. 8½ meses, secano, 25 hijos
  13. 13. 1 de augusto 2012 con Fanjul
  14. 14. El lunes, 12 de nov, 2012, Ñíco “……una mala noticia…….”
  15. 15. Caridad y Nieves Cordero
  16. 16. 150 t de caña y faltaban 2 meses !
  17. 17. NODOS PESO # kg 25 3.5 26 4.5 26 5.0 22 4.2 23 4.0 24 3.2 24 4.8 24 4.5 23 4.5 14 4.2 23* 4.2* *promedio 13 meses sembrada + 6 semanas en bolsas 4.2 x 2.2 = 9.24 lb. x 10% = 0.9 lb azucar!
  18. 18. Consideraciones . . . . . . • Uso mas eficiente del agua • Mayor aprovechamiento del material genético (2 t vs. 13 t) • La resiembra forma parte del mismo sistema de siembra • Inter-nodo para jugo para cerdos (bagazo = energía) • Aumento en el rendimiento • Mas mieles • Cultivos intercalados?
  19. 19. Brigada de SiCAS de la CPA “Camilo Cienfuegos” Dra. Rena Pérez, 12/12 Havana, Cuba (renasperez@hotmail.com
  20. 20. Comments by page for the presentation “SiCAS - Sistema de Caña de Azúcar Sostenible“ By Rena Pérez 1. First trial in Cuba on SSI was begun in August, 2011, in the “Camilo Cienfuegos” cane cooperative in Bahia Honda. 2. The author presented this Powerpoint to 90 cane agronomists, 15 months later, in December 2012. This slide compares Cuba’s traditional rice transplanting system to that of SRI, to help cane agronomists understand and assimilate the new method of SSI which is patterned after SICA. 3. Pictures show the SSI Training Manual, the bud-chip plants in the nursery, and the experimental plot of 0.9 hectares. 4. More pictures of SSI. 5. Two women cut 500 bud-chips daily, plant the buds in polyethylene bags, and hose-water the entire nursery, also daily. 6. The largest cane plants, approximately 35 days old, are ready to take to the field. 7. Four pictures of the first hectare of SSI in Cuba. Plants are set out at 0.6m distance within rows x 1.4 m between rows. 8. The president of the coop, Ñico. When he first saw the pictures of SSI in the Training Manual, he immediately saw SSI techniques as a solution to “replanting” (the replacement of the approximately 10% of plants that either die in the field or do not germinate). 9. On May 9th, 2012, I took my camera and drove two hours to Bahia Honda to follow the workers to the field to capture these images.
  21. 21. 10. The workers took two oxen-driven carts, the plants, filter-press mud, and shovels. 11. The picture on the left is the present planting system requiring 13 t/ha of cane compared to 2 t/ha with SSI. 12. On May 30th, 2012, the author, accompanied by several functionaries of the sugar industry, visited the “Camilo Cienfuegos” cane coop, first to visit the nursery and ……. 13.-16. ..…..later to visit the experimental plot. 17. On Monday, November 12th, Ñico called with a sad message, that a deranged individual had set fire to the trial plot of SSI, completely destroying it. He said that he was sending in a brigade to cut all the remaining cane in the field the following day. 18.-19. . The author returned the following morning to find this situation and heard comments from the workers like: “We’ve never seen cane like this before”…….”if only we had more plots like this, we could make more money”……. 20. Ten canes were randomly selected and measured: length, weight, and number of nodes. 21. The head agronomist for the coop calculated that the field would have produced 150 t of clean cane, ready for the mill, which is practically double the previous best yields. 22. The average weight of a cane was 9.24 lb. At 10% extraction, that would represent 0.9 lb of raw sugar. 23. More efficient use of water, with more efficient use of genetic material. By using SSI for both planting and replanting, it would mean a common planting system. Inter-nodes can be used for animal feeding. Higher yields. More molasses. Possibility of producing a fast-growing, secondary vegetable crop between rows of cane. 24. Recognition of the SSI planting brigade of CPA “Camilo Cienfuegos”

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