Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

1816 - Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification in the Lower Mekong Basin

27 views

Published on

Author: Abha Mishra
Title: Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the Lower Mekong Basin
Presented at: The SRI Research Side event at the 5th International Rice Congress,
Venue: Sands Expo Convention Centre, Singapore
Date: October 16, 2018

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

1816 - Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification in the Lower Mekong Basin

  1. 1. Innovation  and  Learning  around  the   System  of  Rice  Intensification  (SRI)  in   the  Lower  Mekong  Basin MISHRA  ABHA ACISAI,  ASIAN  INSTITUTE  OF  TECHNOLOGY,  PATHUMTHANI,  THAILAND   The  5th International  Rice  Congress,  15-­‐17  October  2018,  Singapore  
  2. 2. Sustaining  and  Enhancing  the  Momentum  for  Learning  and  Innovation  around   the  System  of  Rice  Intensification  in  Lower  Mekong  River  Basin  (SRI-­‐LMB) http://www.sri-­‐lmb.ait.asia/ Royal  University  of   Agriculture   National  University   of  Laos   Hanoi  University  of   Agriculture Rajabhat University ABHA  MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT
  3. 3. Key Learnings 1. Improved  livelihoods   (productivity  and   profitability,  labour productivity) 2. Resource  use  efficiency   (water  productivity,   fertilizer  use  efficiency.  Total   energy  input) 3. Climate  change  mitigation   (GHG  mitigation)   Coverage Ø Covers  11  provinces  and  33   rainfed districts   Ø >  500  farmers’   participatory  action   research  sites Ø >  2550  fields  experiments   using  SRI  ideas Ø >  15,000  farmers  directly   involved   Ø >  15  institutions  involved SRI:  Transplanting  younger  and  fewer  seedlings/hill  or  direct  seeding  with  low  seed  rate;  Maintaining   wider  spacing;  Avoiding  continuous  soil  saturation;  Applying  compost  as  much  as  possible   ABHA MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT
  4. 4. Farmers,  trainers,  researchers  work   together Farmers Researcher Trainers Local  consortia Ministry Farmers  group Regional  consortium ABHA MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT
  5. 5. 4th post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 3rd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 2nd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 1st  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 4th post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 3rd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 2nd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 1st  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 4th post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 3rd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 2nd  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) 1st  post  FFS  site  (2  FT) FPAR  sites FPAR  sites FPAR  sites Farmers  Participatory  Action  Research   Implementation  structure  at  local  level Each  province  has  three  districts  and  each  district  has  4  FPAR  sites
  6. 6. Crop  management practices Conventional   practices   (CP-­‐Baseline)   SRI-­‐Transition   (SRI-­‐T) SRI-­‐Demonstration (SRI-­‐D) Seedling  age 40-­‐60  day-­‐old   (established  by   baseline) 39-­‐20  day-­‐old 8-­‐19  day-­‐old* (8-­‐15 day-­‐old for Cambodia  and  Thailand) Seed  rate 100-­‐150  kg/ha 20-­‐30%  less  than  CM 5-­‐20  kg/ha Transplanting   spacing Crowded,  10  x  10  cm 10  x  15  to 19  x  19  cm 20  x  20  – 30  x  30  cm  or   more Planting/hill >5-­‐6 4-­‐5  seedlings/hill 1-­‐3  seedlings/hill Soil  condition   Flooded  (or  no  effort   in  maintaining   aerobic  soil  condition   Relatively  aerobic  soil   condition  with  respect  to  CM   either  through  shallow  water   level  or  through  intermittent   drying Maintaining  aerobic  soil   condition  at  least  for  a   week  during  tillering stage 6 u Three  treatments  and  4  replications  (minimum)   for  each  experiment u Data  collection  and  analysis  (average)  by   farmers  at  three  growth  stages  (tillering,   flowering,  and  harvesting) u Data  recorded  by  farmers  using  farmers  diary u Data  were  compiled  by  district  trainer  and   subsequently  by  provincial  coordinator         Design  and  data  handling  at  field  level Different  sets  of  practices  applied  at   farmers’  fields ABHA MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AITABHA  MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT
  7. 7. System Architecture Query Data INTERNET Input Data Download Output File Save data into DB ABHA MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT 7 Data  handling  at  country  and   regional  level
  8. 8. SRI:  Developing  climate-­‐smart  practices,  addressing   food  security  and  achieving  sustainable   development  goal üSRI  has  demonstrated  that  it  is  a  high  yielding,  climate-­‐ smart,  low  cost  practices  with  higher  factor  productivity   (land,  labors,  water,  chemicals,  and  seed). üSRI  can  lead  the  way  to  poverty  reduction  and  can  make   smallholder  farming  attractive,  efficient,  and  smart ü With  SRI,  the  economic  productivity  is  higher  in  rainfed areas  compared  to  irrigated  areas üCollective  action  is  needed  by  farmers'  organization  to   capture  the  economies  of  scale  and  to  commercialize  the   rainfed agriculture  and  sustain  the  benefits   ü National  and  international  actors  including  private   sectors’  support  would  be  needed  to    support  this   development 70  %   Net Return 64  % Labor Efficiency 52  % Yield 59  % Water productivity 70  % Fertilizer Use -­‐30  %   Energy use SRI-­‐LMB ‘Growing more Using less’ SRI has already been validated by over 60 countries and has proved to environmentally and socially sustainable way to improve the livelihood of farmers. 16%  less  GHH   reduction ABHA MISHRA,  ACISAI,  AIT
  9. 9. Contributors 9 q 15,000  farmers q 77  ministries  staffs q 16  researchers   q 30  project  staffs q MOE,  Thailand;  MAF,  Lao  PDR;  MAFF,  Cambodia;  MARD,  Vietnam q Rajabhat University,  Thailand;  Royal  University  of  Agriculture,  Cambodia;  Hanoi   University  of  Agriculture,  Vietnam;  Nabong College  of  Agriculture,  Lao  PDR   q FAO,  Oxfam,  SRI-­‐Rice  Cornell  University  USA;  University  of  Queensland,  Australia;   ACISAI,  AIT q European  Union   Visit SRI-LMB at: http://www.sri-lmb.ait.asia/ http://www.acisai.ait.asia/ Programme summary at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gu4f1JXOT9c&feature=youtu.be

×