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1806 - System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Research: What's New and What's on the Horizon

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Author: Lucy Fisher
Title: System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Research: What's New and What's on the Horizon
Presented at: The 5th International Rice Conference (side event)
Venue: Sands Expo and Convention Centre, Singapore
Date: October 16, 2018

Published in: Environment
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1806 - System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Research: What's New and What's on the Horizon

  1. 1. - System of Rice Intensification - SRI Research: What’s New, What’s on the Horizon October 16, 2018 14:30-16:00 5th International Rice Congress Orchid Room 4202, Sands Expo and Convention Centre Singapore
  2. 2. Session Overview [14:30] Introduction: Overview of SRI research - Lucy Fisher [14:40] PANEL: Plant and Soil Biology Moderator: Debashish Sen - Amod Thakur: phenotypical changes in plant physiology under SRI management - Hoang Van Phu: abiotic stress resistance - effects of SRI in limiting the negative impacts of adverse weather conditions - Febri Doni: plant/microbe interactions, specifically beneficial effects of Trichoderma [15:10 PANEL: Water / GHG / Climate effects Moderator: Bancy Mati - Khidhir Abbas Hameed: water reductions in Iraq under arid/semi-arid conditions - Budi Setiawan: water table management under SRI - Mahender Kumar: systems comparisons -- agronomic effects and GHG emissions [15:40] Short Presentations: Equipment improvement / Gender impacts / Farmer engagement in research [5 min each] Moderator: Sabarmatee - Rajendra Uprety: mechanized transplanting opportunities - Steve Leinau: weeder designs for women - Abha Mishra: farmer engagement in research
  3. 3. H http://sririce.org The SRI-Rice Website gets an average of 4,000 visitors per month from ~100 countries per month
  4. 4. Progress of SRI Around the World There are currently an estimated 10-20 million SRI adopters in 60+ countries
  5. 5. What is SRI and why are we interested in it? The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is an agro- ecological, climate-smart rice production methodology that allows farmers to: • increase yields by 30-50% or more • use 80-90% less seed • use 30-50% less irrigation water (through AWD and other methods) • use 30-100% less chemical fertilizer and pesticides Developed in the 1980s in Madagascar with the goal to identify the best growing conditions for irrigated rice to express its production potential
  6. 6. SRI Principles and Practices 1. Early and healthy plant establishment 2. Minimize competition between plants 3. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota 4. Manage water carefully, avoid flooding & water stress, create aerated soil • High number of tillers and panicles • Good grain filling • Prolific deep root growth • Delayed root senescence Higher yields 1 plant/ hill Wider spacing Young seedlings (8-12 days old) Use manure, compost, crop residues AWD for irrigated rice (mechanical weeder to aerate soil) Slide: E. Styger
  7. 7. The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Global Research Network There are 1,439 SRI research items in the database! There are 1,104 journal articles from Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas 216 research items from China 152 research items from Indonesia 123 research items from Africa 589 research items from India
  8. 8. Search by Tag Search by Term
  9. 9. 1. Register for Zotero 2. Join the SRI - System of Rice Intensification Research Network group
  10. 10. Key words for the Research Database Plant establishment Seedling age Plant density and spacing Number of seedlings per hill Planting time Direct seeding Nutrient Management Organic inputs Weed management Soil preparation Water management Pests and diseases Climate change/GHGs Physiology and morphology Soil Roots Soil Biota Yield Varieties Systems comparisons SRI trials (alone) Adaptation Rainfed and aerobic rice Health/Nutrition/Grain quality Adoption Economics Marketing Social Impacts and gender Adoption Controversy Policy Technological suggestion Modeling Organic SRI Labor Equipment Adapted for other crops
  11. 11. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 PEST AND DISEASES SOIL BIOTA REVIEW SOCIAL IMPACT AND GENDER ROOTS SEEDLING AGE WEED MANAGEMENT ADOPTION PLANT ESTABLISHMENT VARIETIES ORGANIC INPUTS PHYSIOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY PLANT DENSITY AND SPACING ECONOMICS NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS COMPARISONS (BMP, FARMER) # of Journal Articles Top SRI Topics (End of 2017) Top SRI Topics (End of 2013)
  12. 12. Climate Change and GHG 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 NUMBEROFJOURNALARTICLES YEAR
  13. 13. 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 (Africa) 1 2 1 0 4 0 2 1 0 5 7 8 9 6 10 16 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 6 4 10 7 12 3 9 20 13 India 0 0 0 4 5 5 15 26 27 23 33 44 63 78 64 71 China 4 26 24 12 13 6 4 8 4 6 6 13 14 20 18 15 NumberofJournalArticles Year Number of Journal Articles by Year and Country China India Indonesia (Africa)
  14. 14. 24 24 19 18 18 17 13 12 10 9 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 NumberofJournalArticles Year Total Number of Journal Articles by Country (Excluding China, India, Indonesia)
  15. 15. Cumulative Number of Journal Articles for Countries Producing At Least 15 Articles (Excluding China, India, Indonesia) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 NumberofArticles Year Bangladesh Malaysia Madasgascar Tanzania Thailand Cambodia
  16. 16. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 YEAR 250% Increase Over the Last 10 Years Cumulative Number of Countries With Journal Articles
  17. 17. Location of SRI research authors in China
  18. 18. Global SRI Networks
  19. 19. GLOBAL SRI NETWORKS Founded Based at Formal? Online? SRI-Rice 2010 Cornell University No Website/FB/TW/blog/newsletter SRI Research Network 2016 Cornell University No Zotero database / website SRI Equipment Forum 2012 Cornell University No Facebook REGIONAL SRI NETWORKS SRI Latin America 2009,’12 &’17 Originated in Cuba; moved to IICA (Costa Rica) No Facebook Africa 2019 Jomo Kenyatta Univ. of Ag. And Tech (No) Website (new) NATIONAL SRI NETWORKS Bangladesh (SRI NBB) 2006 Bangladesh Rice Foundation (originally) ? No Cambodia 2004 Govt. (MAFF) – no longer a network Yes Previous website India (National SRI Consortium) 2007 Peoples Science Institute (NGO) No Google Group (JaiSRI) Indonesia (Ina-SRI) 2008 Institut Pertanian Bogor No Yahoo Group (only) Japan (J-SRI) 2007 University of Tokyo Yes Website [Madagascar (GSRI) – now closed] 2008-2012 [Group of NGOs and Ministry of Agriculture] No [Website] Malaysia (SRI-MAS) 2011 University Kebangsaan Malayisa Yes Website/fb/WhatsApp Nepal (SRI-Nepal) 2002&’15 Virtual No Facebook/twitter Philippines (SRI-Pilipinas) 2002 NGO (virtual) ? Yahoo Group Sri Lanka (Merged with Agroecol.) 2008&’15 Rajarata University Yes No Taiwan (CA-SRI) 2016 Business (Caremed, Inc.) Yes Website
  20. 20. The SRI Research Network
  21. 21. to easily locate SRI research (1,000+ items) (journals articles, theses, etc.) to share new research with colleagues to share expensive subscription articles with each other to work out priorities / SRI research agenda to share/learn about new research methods avoid duplicating research to facilitate multi-country collaborations Why Do We Need a Research Network?
  22. 22. The SRI Research Network
  23. 23. Thanks! Visit SRI-Rice online… or in person SRI-Rice Website http://sririce.org Facebook (English) https://www.facebook.com/SRIRice/ Facebook (Spanish) https://www.facebook.com/SicaAmericaLatina/ Twitter https://twitter.com/SRIRice SRI Highlights (monthly newsletter) http://www.scoop.it/t/system-of-rice-intensification-sri Join the SRI Research Network: https://www.zotero.org/groups/sri_-_system_of_rice_intensification_research_network Join the SRI Equipment Innovators Forum https://www.facebook.com/groups/SRI.innovators/

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