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1503 - NABARD - System of Rice Intensification in India

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Speaker: MV Ashok
Title: NABARD - System of Rice Intensification in India
Venue: B75, Mann Library, IP/CALS Cornell University
Date: July 30, 2015
Sponsor: SRI-Rice and IP/CALS, Cornell University

Published in: Technology
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1503 - NABARD - System of Rice Intensification in India

  1. 1. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India System of Rice Intensification in INDIA
  2. 2. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India
  3. 3. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India  Government of India (Committee to Review Institutional Credit for Agriculture and Rural Development ) – March 1979  NABARD established on 12 July 1982 by an Act of Parliament of the Republic of India as a Developmental Financial Institution (DFI).  By combining agriculture credit functions of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and refinance functions of the then Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC). Genesis of NABARD
  4. 4. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Why NABARD…  To review the structure and operations of the Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC)  To examine the need for and the feasibility of integrating short-term and medium term credit structure with long-term credit structure  To review the role of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in the field of rural credit having due regard to its central banking functions.  
  5. 5. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India  Facilitating credit flow for promotion and development of  Agriculture,  Small scale industries,  Cottage and village industries,  Handicrafts and other rural crafts.  Support all other allied economic activities in rural areas  Promote integrated and sustainable rural development  Secure prosperity of rural areas. NABARD Mandate
  6. 6. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Promote sustainable and equitable agriculture and rural prosperity through effective credit support, related services, institutional development and other innovative initiatives NABARD Mission
  7. 7. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Major functions of NABARD
  8. 8. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Organisational Set up
  9. 9. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India
  10. 10. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India NABARD-SRI programme in INDIA Transfer of technology for coverage of 84,000 farmers Programme designed for 2-3 years “Model Unit Approach” adopted for field level implementation Salient features of a Model Unit are as under : A cluster of 16 villages and 25 farmers per village (total 400 farmers) identified for adoption of SRI technology in the first year of implementation. Each identified farmer will undertake cultivation of rice adopting SRI in his farm.
  11. 11. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India NABARD-SRI programme in INDIA To motivate the farmers to switch over to SRI, incentive by way of grant input towards cost of markers, weeder, organic manure, fertilizer, seeds etc. Provide hand holding support for field level adoption a system of extension support is put in place through SRI Facilitators and Coordinators. SRI promotion programme envisaged replication of 150 such Model Units across 13 predominant rice growing States. Total financial outlay under the programme was assessed at Rs.25.68 crore ($3.66million), phased over two year period
  12. 12. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Progress in implementation Programme launched in 2010 planting season. The progress in implementation as of 31 March 2015 is :  Cumulatively 175 projects sanctioned in 13 States.  Total financial commitment involved was Rs. 25.61 crore, phased over three year period.  Total no. of farmers benefited are 1.42 lakh in 2380 villages covering area of 36935.61 Ha.
  13. 13. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Major Impact  Grain yield in SRI indicates 194% increase while straw yield indicates an increase of 189%  SRI method has done comparatively well even in condition of poor rainfall with drought tolerant variety  Number of effective tillers per hill and number of grains per panicle have shown significant increase under SRI  Cost of cultivation reduced while income level of small and marginal farmers increased.
  14. 14. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India
  15. 15. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Economic situation and food security in Jharkhand  Population of 32.7 million located between elevation of 300–610 MSL  Climate – Semi humid to humid semi-arid type.  Maximum population of State depend on agriculture as their livelihood (70%).  Food deficit in terms of demand and supply were 52% in cereals.  Mono-cropping, low cropping intensity, subsistence farming  25% of the total land was a fellow land  Highest poverty in INDIA.  High rate of migration.  80% small and marginal farmers  Rainfall 1200 mm but no storage facility  Rice is the main crop of the State
  16. 16. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Objective of implementation of SRI in Jharkhand  To create awareness about the SRI in tribal community.  To change farming system from subsistence to commercial farming  To reduce the demand supply gap and dependent on other State for rice.  To create a model for State Govt so as to make the SRI as main agenda of State  Help small and marginal farmers to adopt new technology
  17. 17. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Project Implementation Strategy  Phase I – Preparation of Model Project of SRI in consultation with leading NGOs like, Sir Dorabji Tata Trust (SDTT), Watershed Support Services and Activities Network (WASSAN), Professional Assistance for Developmental Action (PRADAN).  Phase II - Identification of RSA (Resource Support Agency) and PIA for implementation in State. The responsibility was given to District Development manager (DDM) NABARD  Phase III- Identification of Stakeholders and their capacity building about SRI  Phase IV - Sanction and implementation of programme by NABARD  Phase V - Preparation of future strategy/road map for State Govt.
  18. 18. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Model plan of SRI  Programme duration - Two years  Each NGO to cover 600 farmers (200 in 1st year and 400 in 2nd ) with 150 acre i.e., 0.25 acre per farmers.  Maximum 25 farmers per village.  Coverage over 23 districts (out of 24) with of 52 projects and 49 NGOs.  Target to cover 30000 farmers and 7800 acre area.  Monitoring of projects through 5 Resource Agencies (RAs) i.e., technically qualified NGOs.  Grant assistance for management cost of $14230.00 per NGO.
  19. 19. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Salient features of project  Mainstreaming technology adoption.  Awareness creation & capacity building of PIAs and the famers through conduct of appropriate programs & supply of training kits, publicity materials etc.  In-situ pilot demonstrations  Provision of critical inputs & implements (weeder and sprayer)  Five experienced and technically qualified NGOs to act as ‘Resource’ Agencies
  20. 20. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Major Stakeholders of Project
  21. 21. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Role of Resource Support Agency (RSA) 5 RSA were identified and each RSA was allocated different PIA and project
  22. 22. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Role of Project Implementing Agency (PIA)
  23. 23. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Project Delivery Mechanism
  24. 24. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Grant assistance coverage
  25. 25. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Data Collection, Processing and Documentation  PIA to collect data & submit to RSO  RSO compiled data of PIA and submit data to NABARD  NABARD compiled the data of RSO and prepare a consolidated sheet  Data Parameters - No. of tillers/hill, No. Grain per panicle, Grain yield, Straw yield.  Data of different varieties captured  Data in three type of land captured i.e., Upland, Midland and Lowland  Economic of SRI (Cost / Benefit) derived at the end  Data on food security for different land holding classes calculated
  26. 26. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Project Target and Achievement Particulars Target Achievement No of farmers 30000 34170 Area (Acre) 7800 7350 Districts 24 23
  27. 27. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India
  28. 28. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Coverage of Farmers & Area
  29. 29. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Yield Attributes Effective Tillers T: 11; SRI: 32 (Nos./Hill) Grains / Panicle T: 115; SRI: 185 (Nos./Panicle)
  30. 30. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Yield Attributes (Continue….) Grain Yield T: 35.49; SRI: 69.54 (Q/Ha) Straw Yield T: 44.22; SRI: 71.68 (Q/Ha)
  31. 31. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Land type-wise yield attributes Effective Tillers Grains / Panicle
  32. 32. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Land type-wise yield attributes (Continue….) Grain Yield Straw Yield
  33. 33. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Variety-wise grain yield in Upland Yield in Q/Ha
  34. 34. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Variety-wise grain yield in Midland Yield in Q/Ha
  35. 35. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Variety-wise grain yield in Midland (Continue….) Yield in Q/Ha
  36. 36. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Yield in Q/Ha Variety-wise grain yield in Midland (Continue….)
  37. 37. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Variety-wise grain yield in Lowland Yield in Q/Ha
  38. 38. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Land Holding (Acre) Average Holding No of Days of food security (Acre) Traditional SRI Add. food security 0-1 0.66 168 323 323 155 1-2 1.79 348 894 894 546 > 2 3.73 729 1838 1109 Results – Additional food security
  39. 39. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Cost Benefit Analysis - Lowland Components Rate/kg Traditional SRI Production in kg/acre Income ($) Production in kg/acre Income ($) Income from Grain (in kg) 10 1,385 198 2,652 379 Income from Straw (in kg) 3 1,704 73 3,502 150 Total Income 270 529 Cost of Cultivation 178 178 Benefit-Cost Ratio (Total income / total expenditure) 1.52 2.97
  40. 40. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Cost Benefit Analysis – Mid land Components Rate/kg Traditional SRI Production in kg/acre Income ($) Production in kg/acre Income ($) Income from Grain (in kg) 10 1,182 169 2,377 340 Income from Straw (in kg) 3 1,830 78 3,300 141 Total Income 247 481 Cost of Cultivation 178 178 Benefit-Cost Ratio (Total income / total expenditure) 1.38 2.7
  41. 41. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Cost Benefit Analysis – Up land Components Rate/kg Traditional SRI Production in kg/acre Income($) Production in kg/acre Income ($) Income from Grain (in kg) 10 502 71 960 137 Income from Straw (in kg) 3 512 23 1,050 45 Total Income 95 182 Cost of Cultivation 82 120 Benefit-Cost Ratio (Total income / total expenditure) 1.15 1.51
  42. 42. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India Cost of cultivation Sr No. Particulars Cost of cultivation in midland & lowland Cost of cultivation in upland (in Rs/acre)(in Rs/acre) Traditional SRI Traditional SRI 1 Inputs 45 63 32 49 2 Labour component a. Human labour 95 80 37 56 b. Animal resource 21 21 13 13 3 Machinery rental 17 14 0 3 Total expenditure
  43. 43. गाँव बढ़े तो देश बढ़े Taking Rural India

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