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1409 - TNAU Experiences with Weeder Design

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1409 - TNAU Experiences with Weeder Design

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Presentation at the Workshop on Crop Production Equipment for the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
Presenter: Dr. V. K.Ravichandran: TNAU, India
Title: TNAU Experiences with Weeder Design
Date: November 1, 2014
Venue: ACISAI, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

Presentation at the Workshop on Crop Production Equipment for the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
Presenter: Dr. V. K.Ravichandran: TNAU, India
Title: TNAU Experiences with Weeder Design
Date: November 1, 2014
Venue: ACISAI, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

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1409 - TNAU Experiences with Weeder Design

  1. 1. TNAU EXPERIENCES WITH WEEDER DESIGN Dr.V.K.Ravichandran, Professor (Agronomy) (MDPU-IAMWARM Project) SRI EQUIPMENT WORKSHOP 01.11.2014
  2. 2. TN-IAMWARM Project is key for SRI Outreach in TN at Massive mode… Present Scenario Registered Ayacut 10145 ha. Mean annual rainfall is 804.49 mm. Ground water potential:(based on 2009 assessment) 281.6 m.cu.m Gross extraction of ground water 301.6 m.cu.m Negative water balance of 20 m.cu.m Categorization as “over exploited. 49% of the basin area is covered with paddy and 19% of area with sugarcane.
  3. 3. SRI Weeders Used in our project Cono Weeder -Clay Soil Rotary Weeder – Loamy Soil Drum Weeder – Alluvial clay Motorized Weeder
  4. 4. DRUM TYPE WEEDER
  5. 5. CONO WEEDER
  6. 6. VIDEO
  7. 7. SINGLE ROW FINGER TYPE ROTARY WEEDER
  8. 8. TWO ROW FINGER TYPE ROTARY WEEDER
  9. 9. DRUM WEEDER- A FARMER INNOVATION Mr. V.Durai, Varaghanadhi sub basin , he got Farmers Innovation Award 2012 from
  10. 10. Farmer innovation is in the farmers Hand VIDEO
  11. 11. Weeder – Petrol Operated Machine
  12. 12. Recent Mechanized Cono Weeder • Cost - $ 800 • Coverage - 2 Ha/Day • Petrol Driven
  13. 13. Weeder Usage in SRI  First weeder use at 10 days after Transplanting  Subsequent at 7-10 days interval (3-4 times)  Continue up to 45 days Rotary Weeder – Loamy Soil Drum Weeder – Alluvial clay Cono Weeder –Clay Soil
  14. 14. Benefits of Weeder  Effective weed control at early stage  In situ incorporation enhances soil fertility  Frequent disturbance to soil leads aerobic environment in rhizosphere which results in increased crop growth
  15. 15. Influence of Root growth by cono weeding
  16. 16. SRI Conventional Better functional root system Non lodging even during aberrant weather • Root pruning leads to more functional roots and increased root volume • Enhanced uptake of applied nutrients favours increased tillering • Better anchorage – non lodging
  17. 17. SRI Equipments supplied through IAMWARM Year SRI WEEDER Total SRI Marker TNAU DOA TNAU DOA 2007-08 5725 912 6637 - 912 2008-09 12905 1934 14839 517 1934 2009-10 4866 4485 9351 357 4485 2010-11 2674 21946 24620 533 21946 2011-12 2100 19977 19977 - 19977 2012-13 - 10910 10910 - 10910 2013-14 - 1250 1250 - 1250 Total 30944 61414 87584 1407 61414
  18. 18. Our Weeder were taken for adoption by African Countries and refinement to fabricate their model
  19. 19. Thank

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