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More from SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University(20)


12107 SWI sindhuli nepal

  1. WELCOME ICWMP FFS (Patandevi Bij Birdhi Kirshak Pathsala, Bhimasthan 1-5, Sindhuli) District Agriculture Development Office, Sindhuli
  2. A Sharing on System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) in Sindhuli, Nepal Presented by: Debraj Adhikari Plant Protection Officer DADO, Sindhuli
  3. INTRODUCTION • Wheat is third ranked cereal crop in Nepal. SWI in Sindhuli • It is generally grown as winter crop after rice. • Wheat cultivation in Nepal is done by traditional method. Broadcasting of seed is common planting method of wheat. • In present situation, there is great scope to increase productivity of wheat for food security.
  4. INTRODUCTION • The System of Wheat Intensification or SWI, is an adaptation of techniques used in the SWI in Sindhuli System of Rice Intensification (SRI). • SRI is successfully practiced in over 35 countries, and gave increased paddy yields of 66-87% (Styger and Ibrahim, 2009).
  5. INTRODUCTION • Last year SWI was tried in Kailali and some district of western Nepal. SWI in Sindhuli • The SWI yield in Kailali was about 8 t/ha. Several Indian states promoting SWI in India in large scale (Personal communication R. Uprety, 2012). • Though, no work has been taken up to assess the SWI practice in Sindhuli as yet. • Hence, a study was conducted to determine the performance of SWI practice in Nepal.
  6. MATERIALS AND METHODS • field experiment Sandy loam soil SWI in Sindhuli (pH 5.1, 0.061% Total N, Medium P2O5, 79.23 kg ha-1 K2O and 1.22 % Organic matter) Bhimasthan –3, Kadame, Sindhuli, Nepal during December 2011 to 2012 Integrated Crop and Water Management Program (ICWMP) Farmer Field School (FSS). • The study area is 397 masl in altitude and the location is 27008.730' N and 086003.795' E.
  7. MATERIALS AND METHODS • Plot size 4×1 m. • fertilizers SWI in Sindhuli 10 ton, 100:50:25 Kg N:P:K /ha. • Germinated seed of wheat variety Bhirkuti sown on 6th Dec.2011 • Spacing 20x20 cm. • Irrigation was provided during CRI and tillering stage. • Weeding was done manually.
  8. MATERIALS AND METHODS SWI in Sindhuli Germinated seeds Seed sowing
  9. MATERIALS AND METHODS • Vegetative growth, SWI in Sindhuli panicle growth and yield performances were observed and recorded.
  10. Result SWI practice Parameters No. of Tillers SWI in Sindhuli Plant height (cm) Plant no. per hill 65 DAS P1 24 62 P2 29 60 P3 27 58 P4 31 64 P5 14 63 Total 125 307 Average 25 61.4
  11. Result SWI in Sindhuli 38 DAS 65 DAS
  12. Result In SWI, the tiller numbers and plant height was found higher i.e. 25 and 61.4. SWI in Sindhuli The average tiller numbers and plant height in conventional broadcasted wheat was 2.6 and 57.8 cm. Whereas, in line sown wheat 3.4 and 60 cm was found respectively.
  13. Result SWI in Sindhuli SWI Broadcasted Line sown
  14. Result SWI practice Parameters No. of Tillers No. of Effective Tillers SWI in Sindhuli per hill per hill Plant no. P1 24 18 P2 29 25 P3 27 23 P4 31 24 P5 14 17 Total 125 107 Average 25 21.4
  15. Result Var. Bhirkuti S N Method Area m2 Production Production Remarks (Kg) (Mt. / Ha.) SWI in Sindhuli 1 Broadcasted 4 1.5 3.7 3 2 Line sown 4 2.0 5.0 2 3 SWI Practice 4 2.6 6.5 1
  16. Result SWI in Sindhuli SWI practice
  17. Conclusion •The result is interesting and farmers are also happy final yield and compare with SWI in Sindhuli conventional method of wheat cultivation. •There were some impressive results in different parts of world. •Multi location study trials and scaling up of SWI across various parts of the country for farmers should be conducted. It may be a measure to increase yield.
  18. Photographical glimpse of ICWMP FFS SWI in Sindhuli
  19. Photographical glimpse of ICWMP FFS SWI in Sindhuli
  20. Photographical glimpse of ICWMP FFS SWI in Sindhuli
  21. Photographical glimpse of ICWMP FFS SWI in Sindhuli
  22. Thank you