DPRK Agriculture Program SRI Project in four local farms Wu Na, American Friends Service Committtee (AFSC) China and DPRK ...
Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK <ul><li>1990-2000  </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian assistance  <...
The new program cycle of Agriculture development  in DPRK <ul><li>Production methods for rice and corn: immediate-farm  </...
Farm SRI experience and initial reports <ul><li>General overview of the original introduction of SRI to farms.  </li></ul>...
Introduction of using trays to grow seedlings
Tiller growth most visible effect of new methods
Total experiment area in the four farms in 2009 is up to 250 hectares.
Spacing effect is being evaluated by the farmers
Seed: Pyong Do 11   Seeding date: April 30  April 21 Transplanted: June 5th  June 6th  380 tillers / pyong  310 Tillers / ...
Visiting the experimental fields
Compare growth of plants
Conjunction field
Plants in grain-maturing stage
Upright tiller growth
Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing <ul><li>-More scientific experiment design needed for...
Thank you <ul><li>American Friends Service Committee, Dalian office </li></ul>
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1023 DPRK Agriculture Program SRI Project in four local farms

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Presented by: Wu Na, American Friends Service Committtee (AFSC) China and DPRK country representative, Dalian office

Presented at: CNRRI Workshop, Hangzhou

Date: 2/28/10

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1023 DPRK Agriculture Program SRI Project in four local farms

  1. 1. DPRK Agriculture Program SRI Project in four local farms Wu Na, American Friends Service Committtee (AFSC) China and DPRK country representative, Dalian office <ul><li>Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK </li></ul><ul><li>The new program cycle of Agriculture development approach in DPRK </li></ul><ul><li>Farm SRI experience and initial reports </li></ul><ul><li>Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing </li></ul>
  2. 2. Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK <ul><li>1990-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian assistance </li></ul><ul><li>2000-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture development, focus on soil fertility, experiments with winter cover crop and forage </li></ul><ul><li>2007-present </li></ul><ul><li>Production methods improvement, rice and corn (for immediate improvements on-farm) </li></ul><ul><li>Seed breeding and generation advancement (long-term institutional improvement) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil fertility (long-term institutional and environmental benefits) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The new program cycle of Agriculture development in DPRK <ul><li>Production methods for rice and corn: immediate-farm </li></ul><ul><li>Based on each farm ’ s condition and specific location: main crop, labor force constraints, natural and economic conditions. Example: Different approach depending on whether maize or rice is main crop </li></ul><ul><li>Seed breeding and generation advancement: long term-institutional work. Vietnam research exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil fertility: long term-institutional goals. Long-term farm experiments and international workshop in Pyongyang. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Farm SRI experience and initial reports <ul><li>General overview of the original introduction of SRI to farms. </li></ul><ul><li>- Aim to ease the shortages of labor and resources in planting period, and at the some time increase yield and possible soil fertility. Cf. Hunan experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>- Establish experimental stages for gradual introduction of new production methods </li></ul><ul><li>1) Changes in seedling development </li></ul><ul><li>2) Changes in transplanting methods </li></ul><ul><li>3) Changes in water management (derived from 2) </li></ul><ul><li>4) Other related issues. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction of using trays to grow seedlings
  6. 6. Tiller growth most visible effect of new methods
  7. 7. Total experiment area in the four farms in 2009 is up to 250 hectares.
  8. 8. Spacing effect is being evaluated by the farmers
  9. 9. Seed: Pyong Do 11 Seeding date: April 30 April 21 Transplanted: June 5th June 6th 380 tillers / pyong 310 Tillers / pyong As of June 24: 640 tillers/pyong 440 tillers/ pyong Seed: Pyong Do 15 Seeding date: April 30th April 21 Transplanted: June 5th June 6th 360 tillers /pyong 300 tillers/ pyong As of June 24 : 560 tillers / pyong 520 tillers / pyong
  10. 10. Visiting the experimental fields
  11. 11. Compare growth of plants
  12. 12. Conjunction field
  13. 13. Plants in grain-maturing stage
  14. 14. Upright tiller growth
  15. 15. Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing <ul><li>-More scientific experiment design needed for on-farm trials to find the best combination of methods in each location. </li></ul><ul><li>-More experiments on different transplanting densities to be done </li></ul><ul><li>-Looking into the possibilities of better water management and ways of weed control. </li></ul><ul><li>-Looking into ways to increase the biomass that can be provided to the soil. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thank you <ul><li>American Friends Service Committee, Dalian office </li></ul>

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