UPSCALING SRI IN  UTTARAKHAND - PSI’s Experiences - State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving...
Uttarakhand: Trends in Rice Production State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Securit...
SRI – A Boon for Mountain Farmers   <ul><li>88% of farmers are small and marginal farmers with less than 0.4 ha (1 acre) p...
The Beginning (2006 & 2007) State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttara...
<ul><li>Objectives   -  </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake capacity-building of farmers to adopt the SRI technique for paddy cult...
Strategy for Upscaling State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand...
Training of Master Trainers State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttara...
Capacity-Building of Farmers <ul><li>268 Orientation Workshops, focusing  on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures of SRI  </li...
Field Support Activities Nursery Raising Mulching Land Preparation Transplanting State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Pa...
Capacity-Building of Extension Personnel Classroom Session Field Training <ul><li>Orientation workshops for Chief Agricult...
Preparation of Communication Materials   & Information Dissemination <ul><li>Advertisements in popular dailies and adverti...
Programme Coverage (2008) State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakh...
Exposure Visits of Farmers State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarak...
Experience-Sharing Workshops 13 Workshops conducted, one each at the district level State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI...
Crop-Cutting Results of 2008 While non-SRI yields stood close to 3.4 tons per ha, the SRI yields were around 5.6 tons per ...
Research <ul><li>Comparative study of inputs and benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials on other crops like wheat,  mandwa  (f...
Research on Other Crops Rajma Crop Manduwa State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Sec...
Cost-benefit analysis for SCI and conventional method of paddy and wheat cultivation Organic Basmati Type 3 variety is mos...
Lessons & recommendations for SRI  paddy for mountainous regions <ul><li>Seed-Sowing Time for Nursery </li></ul><ul><li>(i...
Institutional Networking State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakha...
Programme Monitoring   State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand...
Policy Advocacy <ul><li>Linkage with Agriculture Department:   Support for capacity- building, subsidy for equipment and m...
SRI: Farmers’ Perceived Benefits & Constraints <ul><li>A. BENEFITS </li></ul><ul><li>Less seed requirement </li></ul><ul><...
Areas of Improvement <ul><li>Networking among stakeholders (farmers, CSOs, government, research    institutions, agricultu...
Thank You 252, Vasant Vihar, Phase I Dehra Doon - 248 006 Uttarakhand INDIA Web : www.peoplesscienceinstitute.com  Mail  :...
Issues for Discussions <ul><li>Setting up of goals for upscaling SRI (Area/households). </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives to fa...
Proposed Programme Coverage  S. No. Districts Name of POs Name of Block No. of Villages Farmers (Area Ha) 1 Nainital UGSS,...
Expected Outcomes <ul><li>Adoption of the SRI method of paddy cultivation by 8,000 farmers in Uttarakhand.  </li></ul><ul>...
Programme Budget  Total Estimated Cost  = Rs. 95.38 lakhs Contribution from SDTT, Mumbai   = Rs. 43.25 lakhs (45%) PSI & P...
Orientation Workshops Conducted  S. No. Districts Name of POs Name of Block No. of Workshops Farmers Trained 1 Nainital UG...
Adoption Rate of SRI S. No. Districts Farmers Trained Farmers who adopted SRI Adoption Rate (%) Area under SRI (Ha) 1 Nain...
Crop Cutting Results of 2008 Average Increase in (i) Grain Yield – 76 %, (ii) Straw Yield – 46 % Districts No. of tillers/...
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0885 Up-Scaling SRI in Uttarkhand: PSI's Experiences

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0885 Up-Scaling SRI in Uttarkhand: PSI's Experiences

  1. 1. UPSCALING SRI IN UTTARAKHAND - PSI’s Experiences - State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  2. 2. Uttarakhand: Trends in Rice Production State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Source: Department of Agriculture, Uttarakhand, 2007 Total Geographical Area (lakh ha) Total Population (lakh) Average Rainfall (mm) Net Sown Area (lakh ha) Irrigated Area (as % of Net Sown Area) Area under Paddy (lakh ha) Total Rice Production (lakh tonnes) Average Yield of Paddy (t/ha) 53.49 85 1547 5.78 19 2.73 5.33 2.96
  3. 3. SRI – A Boon for Mountain Farmers <ul><li>88% of farmers are small and marginal farmers with less than 0.4 ha (1 acre) per family. </li></ul><ul><li>Rice is the staple food of the populace. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher stalk volume means more fodder for the cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>More farmyard manure and possibly increased milk yields can result. </li></ul>POTENTIAL TO ADDRESS THE FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOOD NEEDS OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  4. 4. The Beginning (2006 & 2007) State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ <ul><li>Awareness-building </li></ul><ul><li>Trials and demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers’ mobilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Training and field support </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of outcomes </li></ul>While non-SRI yields stood close to 30 quintals per ha, the SRI yields were around 55 quintals per ha (average increase of 83%). Particulars 2006 2007 Conven-tional SRI Conven-tional SRI No. of Farmers (Villages) 22 (13) 399 (85) Area (ha) - 0.48 11.00 Average Grain Yield (Q/ha) 31 55 28 55 Average Straw Yield (Q/ha) 60 75 55 75
  5. 5. <ul><li>Objectives - </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake capacity-building of farmers to adopt the SRI technique for paddy cultivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Build the capacities of voluntary organizations by creating a talent pool of master trainers for promoting SRI. </li></ul><ul><li>Help formulate state agricultural policy for promoting the extension of the SRI technique. </li></ul>Goal - To enable mountain farmers of Uttarakhand to enhance their ood and livelihood security through adoption of the SRI technique Moving Forward (2008) State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  6. 6. Strategy for Upscaling State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Selection of Basins and Partner Organizations (POs) Selection of villages and farmers Capacity-building of master trainers, farmers & extension personnel Information dissemination through print and electronic media Research on other crops and equipments Networking Programme Monitoring Policy Advocacy
  7. 7. Training of Master Trainers State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Classroom Sessions Practical Exercises
  8. 8. Capacity-Building of Farmers <ul><li>268 Orientation Workshops, focusing on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures of SRI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrations of equipment use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dos and Don’ts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Field support and trouble-shooting </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  9. 9. Field Support Activities Nursery Raising Mulching Land Preparation Transplanting State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  10. 10. Capacity-Building of Extension Personnel Classroom Session Field Training <ul><li>Orientation workshops for Chief Agriculture Officers at district level </li></ul><ul><li>Training programmes for Agricultural Development Officers at block level </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure visits of In-Charge Officers and trainers from KVKs. </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  11. 11. Preparation of Communication Materials & Information Dissemination <ul><li>Advertisements in popular dailies and advertisement spots on ETV channel. </li></ul><ul><li>User-friendly manual on SRI (in Hindi). </li></ul><ul><li>Film on SRI (in Hindi). </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  12. 12. Programme Coverage (2008) State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Districts covered Blocks covered Number of villages covered Farmers trained SRI farmers Area under SRI (ha) 13/13 27/95 358/15,761 11,377 8,996 (21% SC) 181.14
  13. 13. Exposure Visits of Farmers State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  14. 14. Experience-Sharing Workshops 13 Workshops conducted, one each at the district level State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Non-SRI Farmers NGO Personnel Agriculture Dept. & KVK Others Total 661 97 54 91 903
  15. 15. Crop-Cutting Results of 2008 While non-SRI yields stood close to 3.4 tons per ha, the SRI yields were around 5.6 tons per ha, an average increase of 65% State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ S. No. Particulars Conventional SRI 1 No. of farmers (villages) 8,996 (358 villages) 2 Area (ha) - 181.14 3 Average no. of total tillers/plant 8 21 4 Average no. of productive tillers/plant 7 18 5 Average plant height (cm) 99 122 6 Average panicle length (cm) 18 23 7 Average no. of grains/panicle 95 175 8 Grain yield (Q/ha) 34 56 9 Straw yield (Q/ha) 122 172
  16. 16. Research <ul><li>Comparative study of inputs and benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials on other crops like wheat, mandwa (finger millet) and rajma . </li></ul><ul><li>Design and fabrication of equipment like marker, weeder and seed drill. </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  17. 17. Research on Other Crops Rajma Crop Manduwa State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Crop/ Year No. of Farmers Area (ha) Grain Yield (Q/ha) % Incr. 2006 Conv. SRI Rajma 5 0.4 14 20 43 Mandwa 5 0.4 18 24 33 Wheat Resear-ch Farm 5.0 16 22 38 2007 Rajma 113 2.26 18 30 67 Mandwa 43 0.8 15 24 60 Wheat (I) 36 0.26 21 43 105 Wheat (UI) 16 0.06 15 24 60
  18. 18. Cost-benefit analysis for SCI and conventional method of paddy and wheat cultivation Organic Basmati Type 3 variety is most profitable for mountain regions at altitude below 1500m. State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ Method Conventional SCI Total expen-diture (Rs./ ha) Gross income (Rs./ ha) Net profit (Rs./ ha) C-B ratio Total expen-diture (Rs./ ha) Gross income (Rs./ ha) Net profit (Rs./ ha) C-B ratio Transplanting (local paddy) 26,250 34,700 8,450 1:1.3 23,750 56,125 32,375 1:2.4 Transplanting (paddy Basmati Type-3) 28,000 63,125 35,125 1:2.3 25,500 96,875 71,375 1:3.8 Direct-seed sowing (wheat) 22,720 30,600 7,880 1:1.3 25,850 51,600 25,750 1:2.0
  19. 19. Lessons & recommendations for SRI paddy for mountainous regions <ul><li>Seed-Sowing Time for Nursery </li></ul><ul><li>(i) High altitude (>1500m) : 1-7 June </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Medium altitude (1000-1500m): 10-20 June </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Low altitude (<1000m) : 25 June-5 July </li></ul><ul><li>Transplanting Time </li></ul><ul><li>(i) 10-15 days: 70-75 Q/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) 16-23 days: 55-60 Q/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) > 23 days : 40-45 Q/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding </li></ul><ul><li>(i)  Three times: 70-75Q/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>(ii)  Two times: 60-65 Q/Ha </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) One time: 50-55 Q/Ha </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  20. 20. Institutional Networking State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ <ul><li>Vivekanand Parvatiya Krishi Anushandhan Sansthan (VPKAS), Almora, Uttarakhand </li></ul><ul><li>Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUAT), Pantnagar, Uttarakhand </li></ul><ul><li>Rice and Wheat Research Centre (RWRC), Malan, HP </li></ul><ul><li>CSKHP Agriculture University, Palampur, Kangra, HP. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Programme Monitoring State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ <ul><li>State-level panel (PMC) of experienced persons constituted, including experts, govt. officials, scientists, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>PMC reviews the programme through field visits as well as hold meetings with the programme staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Programme feedback provided to top government officials, like Chief Secretary, Agriculture Secretary, Rural Development Commissioner, and Agriculture Directorate. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Policy Advocacy <ul><li>Linkage with Agriculture Department: Support for capacity- building, subsidy for equipment and manure. </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence with other programmes: Ajeevika Programme, Uttarakhand Decentralised Watershed Development Programme, ATMA, BRGF. </li></ul><ul><li>Linkage with other Institutes: Research institutions, Agricultural Universities, KVKs, Uttarakhand Organic Commodity Board, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Media Advocacy: Popularisation of SRI through newsletters, local newspapers, magazines, national journals, radio, TV, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>State-level Workshop: Formulation of state level policy through discussions with senior state level officials and policy makers. </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  23. 23. SRI: Farmers’ Perceived Benefits & Constraints <ul><li>A. BENEFITS </li></ul><ul><li>Less seed requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Saving in water </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased workload </li></ul><ul><li>Less disease occurrence </li></ul><ul><li>Less lodging </li></ul><ul><li>Early maturity </li></ul><ul><li>High grain yields </li></ul><ul><li>High grain quality </li></ul><ul><li>Increased biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Improves soil fertility </li></ul><ul><li>B. CONSTRAINTS </li></ul><ul><li>Time-bound operations </li></ul><ul><li>Labour-intensive, in the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability of quality weeders and markers </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate compost material </li></ul><ul><li>More effort required in operating Mandava weeder for small terraces and clay soil </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall aberrations & unreliability </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of timely training & field support </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in changing mindset </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  24. 24. Areas of Improvement <ul><li>Networking among stakeholders (farmers, CSOs, government, research institutions, agriculture universities, media, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Policy framework (incentives, assured irrigation, outlets for equipments, market, etc.). </li></ul>State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’ <ul><li>Improvements in package of practice (water, nutrient, and labour management, cost effective equipment, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building strategy (village level resource persons and regular quality training). </li></ul><ul><li>Research (other crops, disease resistant and tillering varieties, equipments, etc.). </li></ul>Farmers should be provided flexibility for adoption of different principles under SRI
  25. 25. Thank You 252, Vasant Vihar, Phase I Dehra Doon - 248 006 Uttarakhand INDIA Web : www.peoplesscienceinstitute.com Mail : cpwdpsi@gmail.com Phone : +91 135 2763649, 2773849 Fax : +91 135 2763186 State Level Workshop on ‘Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand’
  26. 26. Issues for Discussions <ul><li>Setting up of goals for upscaling SRI (Area/households). </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives to farmers (Equipment, manure, biofertilizers and biopesticides). </li></ul><ul><li>Outlets for improved equipments. </li></ul><ul><li>Research for improvement in package of practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy for Upscaling </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Advocacy </li></ul>
  27. 27. Proposed Programme Coverage S. No. Districts Name of POs Name of Block No. of Villages Farmers (Area Ha) 1 Nainital UGSS, CHIRAG Haldwani, Nathuakhan 6 240 (5) 2 U.S. Nagar SIMAR, KAGAS Rudrapur, Khatima 13 250 (5) 3 Bageshwar PVSS, HT, HWS, KSS Garud, Kapkot 38 1120 (22) 4 Almora MH, SUDHA Takula 23 400 (8) 5 Pithoragarh CHIRAG, SWATI, KAGAS Beriang, Kanalichina, Monakat 25 890 (18) 6 Champawat GRASS Lohaghat 2 100 (2) Kumaon 12 11 107 3000 (60) 7 T. Garhwal GVK, HIFEED, KVS, MVDA, JVS Bhilangana, Tahtiyur, Chamba, Kirtinagar 118 3200 (64) 8 Pauri Garhwal HIRA, SRT Yamkeshwar, Duggada, Richnikhal 6 300 (6) 9 Dehra Doon GVS, SMTA Sahaspur, Vikasnanagr, Chakrata 3 200 (4) 10 Haridwar HIRA Bhadrabad 8 200 (4) 11 Rudraprayag PANVAS, GMVS, CDI, PREDS Agustmoni, Jakholi 68 1680 (34) 12 Chamoli GMVS, UYRDC Narayanbagar, Karnaprayag 17 510 (10) 13 Uttarkashi SARDHA, HPJAS, TPVS Mori, Purola, Dunda 31 910 (18) Garhwal 18 18 251 7000 (140) TOTAL 30 29 358 10000(200)
  28. 28. Expected Outcomes <ul><li>Adoption of the SRI method of paddy cultivation by 8,000 farmers in Uttarakhand. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 200 ha to be brought under SRI in about 350 villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a talent pool of 50 master trainers from among 30 VOs and progressive farmers who will further promote SRI in future years. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased production of organic paddy with an average grain yield of 5.5 T/ha against the present yields of around 3T/ha. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Programme Budget Total Estimated Cost = Rs. 95.38 lakhs Contribution from SDTT, Mumbai = Rs. 43.25 lakhs (45%) PSI & POs = Rs. 4.77 lakhs (05%) Contribution from Farmers = Rs. 17.37 lakhs (18%) Agriculture Directorate, Uttarakhand = Rs. 29.99 lakhs (32%) Investment on training < Rs. 1000/farmer Investment by SDTT & Agriculture Directorate = Rs. 732/farmer Expected average grain yield of paddy = 5.5 T/ha Present paddy yield = 3T/ha. Additional production of paddy = 2.5 T/ha. If a farmer adopts SRI in at least 0.04 ha (2 nali) of farmland, it would result in an additional grain production of 100kg, worth Rs. 800 (which is more than the SDTT + Directorate’s component of investment on one farmer).
  30. 30. Orientation Workshops Conducted S. No. Districts Name of POs Name of Block No. of Workshops Farmers Trained 1 Nainital UGSS, HIMANI Haldwani, Nathuakhan 10 352 2 U.S. Nagar SIMAR Rudrapur, Khatima 2 115 3 Bageshwar PVSS, HT, HWS, KSS, CHIRAG Garud, Kapkot 42 1723 4 Almora MH, SUDHA Takula 10 425 5 Pithoragarh SWATI, KAGAS Beriang, Kanalichina, Munakot 27 1049 6 Champawat GRASS Lohaghat 4 140 Kumaon 13 11 95 3804 7 T. Garhwal GVK, HIFEED, CVS, MVDA, JVS Bhilangana, Thatyur, Chamba, Kirtinagar 80 3842 8 Pauri Garhwal HIRA, BVSS Yamkeshwar, Nainidanda, Richnikhal 5 267 9 Dehra Doon GVS Sahaspur 3 142 10 Haridwar HIRA Bhadrabad 4 235 11 Rudraprayag PANVAS, CDI, PREDS, GRASS Agustmoni, Jakholi 37 1405 12 Chamoli GMVS, UYRDC Narayanbagar, Karnprayag 18 704 13 Uttarkashi SARDHA, HPJAS, TPVS Muri, Purola, Dunda 26 978 Garhwal 17 16 173 7573 TOTAL 30 27 268 11377
  31. 31. Adoption Rate of SRI S. No. Districts Farmers Trained Farmers who adopted SRI Adoption Rate (%) Area under SRI (Ha) 1 Nainital 352 385 109 7.70 2 U.S. Nagar 115 54 47 1.08 3 Bageshwar 1723 1401 81 28.02 4 Almora 425 302 71 6.04 5 Pithoragarh 1049 989 94 19.78 6 Champawat 140 32 23 0.64 Kumaon 3804 3163 83 63.26 7 T. Garhwal 3842 3248 85 66.18 8 Pauri Garhwal 267 218 82 4.56 9 Dehra Doon 142 30 21 0.60 10 Haridwar 235 220 94 4.20 11 Rudraprayag 1405 1289 92 25.78 12 Chamoli 704 191 27 3.82 13 Uttarkashi 978 637 65 12.74 Garhwal 7573 5833 77 117.88 TOTAL 11,377 8,996 79 181.14
  32. 32. Crop Cutting Results of 2008 Average Increase in (i) Grain Yield – 76 %, (ii) Straw Yield – 46 % Districts No. of tillers/ plant (Avg.) Average Plant Height (cm.) Average Panicle length (cm) Average no. of grains/ panicle Average grain yield (Q/Ha) Average straw yield (Q/Ha) Con. SRI Con. SRI Con. SRI Con. SRI Con. SRI Con. SRI Nainital 8 27 114 123 23 24 144 154 25 41 90 200 U.S. Nagar 8 26 89 108 23 26 126 171 65 90 144 176 Bageshwar 7 14 98 133 13 21 65 194 38 71 273 400 Almora 6 16 68 110 20 23 68 110 36 73 176 200 Pithoragarh 17 42 76 108 15 20 87 148 38 67 130 150 Champawat 5 12 101 135 16 22 69 192 36 63 126 194 Kumaon 9 23 91 120 18 23 93 162 40 68 157 220 T. Garhwal 5 9 143 170 18 21 132 237 46 72 300 400 P. Garhwal 4 21 62 94 14 20 92 175 23 43 55 72 Dehra Doon 5 12 137 146 18 25 118 288 38 100 100 300 Haridwar 9 28 98 109 23 27 130 166 37 65 135 195 R. Prayag 7 16 128 160 16 20 55 140 42 80 100 120 Chamoli 8 21 76 95 19 24 95 177 51 75 210 260 Uttarkashi 6 23 92 100 16 25 54 124 40 68 100 160 Garhwal 6 19 105 125 18 23 97 187 40 72 143 215

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