Regional Transportation Planning


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Saskatoon Regional Growth Summit, Henry Devos

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Regional Transportation Planning

  1. 1. REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING Henry Devos Expert Advisor, Senior Planning Specialist CIMA+ Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  2. 2. Regional Transportation Planning OVERVIEW • Saskatchewan & Saskatoon – Expanding resource-based economy; – Leading growth in population/employment levels; – Expanding urban development; and – Increasing traffic volumes. • Similarities with Alberta’s experience
  3. 3. Regional Transportation Planning OVERVIEW • Reference largely to the Alberta Experience – Successes, – Challenges, – Outstanding Issues? • Consider Three Urban Regions – Edmonton Industrial/manufacturing – Calgary Business/financial – Fort McMurray Resource/economic driver
  4. 4. Regional Transportation Planning DEFINE THE REGION Zones of Influence around a Major Urban Centre
  5. 5. Regional Transportation Planning PLANNING MANDATES • Provincial Level: – Inter-provincial, inter-regional, inter-city travel; • Regional Level: – Inter-municipal travel, between adjoining municipalities in a single region; – Multi-jurisdictional, requires oversight/coordinating body. • Municipal Level: – Local travel, internal to jurisdiction.
  6. 6. Regional Transportation Planning PLANNING HORIZONS • Ultimate Stage Plan – Footprint accommodates full build-out based on a long-term regional Population Horizon; – Issue: Many affected stakeholders are skeptical of planning decades ahead. • Interim or Stage 1 Plans – Planning for a shorter time frame to a specific design year can be made with greater confidence. • Growth Management Plans – Help establish consensus around the pace of the expanding footprint to be served by the transportation network.
  7. 7. Regional Transportation Planning CORRIDOR IDENTIFICATION • Regional Transportation Infrastructure – Generally requires corridors with little flexibility; – Particularly as regional development progresses. • Early, Long-Term, Planning – Mitigates community and environmental impacts, reduces disruption; – Facilitates land use planning; E.g. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Nodes. • Regional Transportation Plan is Shared Blueprint – Simplifies the review and approval processes.
  8. 8. Regional Transportation Planning TRANSPORTATION MODES • At the Regional Level – Roads (autos, trucks, goods movement), – LRT/Transit, – Rail (goods movement), and – Air. • Active Modes – Although connectivity across the region is desirable, Active Modes generally remain a local planning activity.
  9. 9. Regional Transportation Planning SERVICE LEVELS • Define performance goals for the regional transportation facilities; • A hierarchy of road (and transit) systems providing different Levels-of-Service, Design Speeds and Access Management. – Freeways, expressways, collectors and local roads; – LRT, Bus Rapid Transit, Express Bus, local service. • Facilities that increasingly accommodate local travel (short trips), tend to be less efficient, have shorter service lives
  10. 10. Regional Transportation Planning TECHNOLOGY • User Fees: – – – – Mileage Based (Highway 407 passing Toronto) Cordon Tolls (Vancouver Area Bridges) Time of Day or Congestion Based Impact on mode choice, route choice, time-of-day • Emerging Vehicle & System Technologies – Autonomous Vehicles – Removing driver behaviour – Connected Vehicles – To smart corridors – Electric Vehicles • Impact on long-term transportation plans and services will vary by location.
  11. 11. Regional Transportation Planning THE CAPITAL REGION • 120 km east-west, Wabamun to Lamont • 100 km north-south, Redwater to Millet
  12. 12. Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION • Alberta’s Primary Industrial/Manufacturing Base – Supports the energy sector and Fort McMurray’s oil-sands; – Manufacturing/employment centres are spread throughout the Capital Region. • Employment Distribution – Past 10 years, 7% growth downtown, 20% in suburbs; – One new office tower downtown every decade. • Capital Region Board (CRB) Established in 2008 – Mandated by Province to oversee regional growth management, macro-level transportation planning; – CRB represents 24 municipalities, comprising 5 cities, 5 counties, 11 towns, 3 villages, 1.2 M people
  13. 13. Regional Transportation Planning EDMONTON RING ROAD PROVINCE’S HIGHWAY 216 Anthony Henday Drive Constructed in a “Transportation & Utility Corridor” (500m – 800m wide corridor)
  14. 14. Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION NETWORK • Convergence of 10 Provincial Highways – Primary link is Highway 2 to Calgary; – Primary East-West link is Yellowhead Highway 16; – Provincial Ring Road, Anthony Henday Drive; and – Edmonton’s Inner Ring Road. • Edmonton’s LRT network will become regional • Edmonton International Airport – Proposed ‘Port Alberta’, similar to Regina’s Global Transportation Hub. • CN and CP Inter-Modal Yards
  15. 15. Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION NETWORK - ROADS
  16. 16. Regional Transportation Planning RING ROAD RATIONALE Rationale for construction of Alberta’s two almost complete Provincial Ring Roads: 1. To restore inter-regional mobility passing the two urban regions; 2. To support travel into and out of the two major urban regions as a destination for long-distance travel; and 3. To assist the two urban regions in restoring efficient transportation systems, i.e. to help them grow.
  17. 17. Regional Transportation Planning ALBERTA RING ROADS POPULATION HORIZONS Year 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 Capital Region Population 375,000 530,000 685,000 775,000 Calgary Region Population 310,000 460,000 650,000 785,000 1,030,000 1,270,000 Years Elapsed 910,000 1,100,000 Ring Road Activity Scoping Planning Property Acquisition Design & Construction  Scoping began when populations levels passed 300,000.  Construction began when population levels reached 750,000.  Nearing completion when population levels passed 1,200,000.
  18. 18. Regional EDMONTON LRT CITY OFTransportation Planning
  19. 19. Regional Transportation Planning EDMONTON LRT • Recent route planning studies selected corridors through established Edmonton communities – Seen as intrusive in the short-term, controversial; – Transformational in the long-term; new ‘highest & best land uses’ will evolve (TOD). • Classic Hub and Spoke design – Good service to/from downtown and university; – Perhaps less effective for the regional employment centres. • Potential to ultimately extend LRT to several outlying municipalities
  20. 20. Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION PLAN - TRANSIT
  21. 21. Regional Transportation Planning REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF WOOD BUFFALO (Fort McMurray) Approximately: • 520 km north-south • 240 km east-west
  22. 22. Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY • Achieved city status in 1980; • Amalgamated with the surrounding Improvement District in 1995 • Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo (RMWB) is largest municipality in Alberta • 7-8% annual growth for last 10+ years – Has challenged the municipality’s ability to keep pace with infrastructure, including transportation
  23. 23. Regional Transportation Planning ATHABASCA OIL SANDS AREA & PROJECTS Approximately 300 km by 200 km
  24. 24. Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY (URBAN DEVELOPMENT SUB-REGION) Centered on the confluence of Athabasca and Clearwater Rivers
  25. 25. Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY – HIGHWAY 63 • Highway 63 is the municipality’s only North-South corridor • Passes through entire length of Fort McMurray • Connects all neighbourhoods and resource industries • Queues and congestion have been legend at the region’s only river crossing in downtown Fort McMurray • Province is upgrading the highway to urban freeway standards
  26. 26. Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY - INDUSTRY • To reduce auto dependency/mitigate congestion, Industry: – Established bus services to the mine sites – Continues to build camps/ lodges near the mine sites, housing 1000’s of staff – Established airfields near the plant sites, flying staff in and out from around the country • Fort McMurray airport is undergoing major expansion • Highly mobile labour force for the high-value resource industries
  27. 27. Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY - PARTNERING • Province and RMWB are developing a corridor management plan for Highway 63 through UDSR • To Support the Expanding Bus Services: – Province is passing legislation permitting designation of special use lanes, Bus/HOV lanes, Bus-on-Shoulder operations, etc. • Province’s Transportation Coordinating Committee includes RMWB and industry representatives • Comprehensive Regional Infrastructure Sustainability Plan (CRISP) jointly developed by provincial agencies, industry and the RMWB
  28. 28. Regional Transportation Planning CONCEPTUAL Athabasca Oil Sands Area REGIONAL NETWORK Comprehensive Regional Infrastructure Systems Plan (CRISP) (Long-Term)
  29. 29. Regional Transportation Planning CLOSING The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, from a Globe & Mail article, September 26/13: Commuting by car is not easy, and it takes so much time. Why do we not have a public transportation system, which goes ahead of where we’re planning to have new communities? THANK YOU