Doing things with manuscripts: CLIR post doc-seminar, Bryn Mawr College 7.31. 2013

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!4th century Paris, Creating a Vernacular Manuscript Culture, 7 Principles of Manuscript participation in & shaping of political & social court culture, Innovative research protocols using digitized data

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  • GrandesChroniques de France, BnF MS fr 2813, f.4r. Paris, 1375-80. : Maître du Livre du Sacre de Charles V. Enlumineur. Ledébarquement des Grecs; Siège de Troie, Fondation de Sicambre par Francien, scène de bataille, par Le maître du couronnement de Charles VI.
  • BnF22912, f. 2v. SaintAugustinCivitateDei, trans for Charles V by Raoul de Presles. Scribe = Raouletd’Orléans; illuminator = le Maître du Couronnement de Chalres VI (= BnFfr 2813, f. 3v). Painting = the 2 cities. Above, The Redemption in Paradise: Jesus Enthroned between the Virgin & Saint John, surrounded by angels and Fathers of the Church. In the Middle: on the left: Pagans worshipping idols. On the right: Jews offering a sacrifice before the Ark f the Covenant. Center: The sacrifice commemorated by the Mass. Lower register: hell-mouth where the damned are consumed in the fires; devils bring more souls to torment; on the right, angels weigh and judge the souls of the dead.
  • BnF22912,f. 3. Paris, 1375-1377. SaintAugustinCivitateDei, trans for Charles V by Raoul de Presles. Scribe = Raouletd’Orléans; illuminator = le Maître du Couronnement de Chalres VI (= BnFfr 2813, f. 3v). Dedication miniature, Saint Augustine presents Raoul de Presles to Charles V. Raoul kneels in homage and presents his book to the king.
  • GrandesChroniques de France, BnF MS fr 2813, f.5r. Paris, 1375-80. Rubric at the bottom of f. 4d = “Le .iiii. Comment la Cité de Paris fufondee e du premier roy de France.”
  • GrandesChroniques de France, BnF MS fr 2813, f. 353v. The Coronation of Philippe of Valois (Philippe VI) in 1328. Chapter 1 of the GrandesChroniques devoted to his reign. Henri de Trévou is the original scribe for this folio. The rubric for the chapter that he wrote (found in other mss = “The first chapter addresses the question of to whom the government of the realm should be entrusted.” Raouletd’Orléans scraped that off the page and subsituted: “Le premier chapitre. Comment Phelippe, conte de Valois ot le gouvernement du royaume et de son couronnement.” The origi
  • GrandesChroniques de France, BnF MS fr 2813, f.357. Paris, 1375-80. Chapter 6. “Homage of Edward III before Philip VI of Valois. See Ann D. Hedeman, Art Bulletin 66, 1 (1984), 99-104. . Enlumineur:Raouletd’Orléans. Raouletd’Orléans rewrote the rubric at the bottom of 357a. Rubric: “Comment le Roÿd’Angleterre se mist en mer pour venir en la citéd’Amiensou le Roÿd’Angleterredessusditdevoit faire hommage au Roÿ de France de la duchiéd’Aquitaine et de la Conté de Pontieucommehomme du Roÿ de France.” See Hedeman, Art Buletin 66,1(1984), pp. 103-104.
  • GrandesChroniques de France, BnF MS fr 2813, f.357v. Paris, 1375-80. “Homage of Edward III before Philip VI of Valois. See Ann D. Hedeman, Art Bulletin 66, 1 (1984), 99-104. . Enlumineur:Raouletd’Orléans. This is the next step in the homage with King Edward fully kneeling and placing his hands between those of King Philip (= gesture of immixtiomanuum; the full acknolwledgement of fealty). Enlarged hands of Edward emphasize the gesture. Froissart & English sources later deny Edward acknowledged this gesture. Chapter heading: “le .vi.” Rubric 1: “Comment le Roÿd’Angleterre fist hommage au Roÿ de France a Amiens de la duchiéd’Aquitaine et de la Conté de Pontieusicomme faire devoit.“ 2nd rubric: “Ciapress’ensuit la teneur de la chartrescelleeque le Roÿd’Angeterre donna laquellecontient la maniere de hommageque le Roÿd’Angleterre fist a Amiens au Roÿ de France des terresdessusnommees.”
  • BnF22912,f. 269r. SaintAugustinCivitateDei, trans for Charles V by Raoul de Presles. Scribe = Raouletd’Orléans; illuminator = le Maître du Couronnement de Chalres VI (= BnFfr 2813, f. 3v).
  • BnF22912,f. 270v. SaintAugustinCivitateDei, trans for Charles V by Raoul de Presles. Scribe = Raouletd’Orléans; illuminator = le Maître du Couronnement de Chalres VI (= BnFfr 2813, f. 3v).
  • BnF22912,f. 270r. SaintAugustinCivitateDei, book V, c. xxv. trans for Charles V by Raoul de Presles. Scribe = Raouletd’Orléans; illuminator = le Maître du Couronnement de Chalres VI (= BnFfr 2813, f. 3v).
  • The manuscript is now in the Bibliothèquemunicipale in Besançon, MS français 434. At some point the inscription was semi-erased, but deciphered at the end of the nineteenth century by AugusteCastan. See Delisle, I, p. 259.
  • Doing things with manuscripts: CLIR post doc-seminar, Bryn Mawr College 7.31. 2013

    1. 1. Doing Things with Manuscripts n Manuscripts Frame 14th – century literary culture CLIR Postdoctorql Fellowship Seminar July 31, 2013
    2. 2. Curating & Using Data: Collaboration between IT specialists & scholars • 1995 – 2010 – Gathering Data & establishing Digital Library of Medieval Manuscripts: Sheridan Libraries (JHU) & Bibliothèque nationale • 2010 – 2013 – Making an interoperable repository • 2010 – 2013 – Cluster Research Groups create innovative research protocols using digital resources 2
    3. 3. Manuscripts & the Framing of 14th–century Vernacular Courtly Culture 3 Roman de la Rose Düsseldorf, Kunstakademie, MS. AB 142, f. 1r (Paris, c. 1350)
    4. 4. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 1. Vernacular literature circulates knowledge by mediating philosophy (and theology) in terms of contemporary politics & culture. 4 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 3 Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77
    5. 5. 5 BnF MS fr 2813, f. 4r Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V with insertions reinforcing Valois legitimacy by Raoulet d’Orléans & others Paris, 1375-80 From Troy to Paris: 1. Greeks land at Troy 2. Siege of Troy 3. Francien founds Sicambre (Syria) 4. French defeating enemies The first chapter tells how the French descend from the Trojans 1. Mediate philosophy & Theology
    6. 6. 6 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 2v Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77 Frontispiece The Two Cities: Redemptions in Paradise, Three kinds of sacrifice: Pagan, Christian, Jewish 1. Mediate philosophy & Theology
    7. 7. 7 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 3 Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77 Saint Augustine Sponsors Raoul de Presles who offers his translation to Charles V 1. Mediate philosophy & Theology
    8. 8. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 2. Vernacular manuscripts initiate dialectical exchange between past and present, history, tradition, and memory so as to participate in contemporary political & social debates. 8 BnF MS fr 2813, f. 357v Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V Paris, 1375-80
    9. 9. 9 BnF MS fr 2813, f. 5r Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V with insertions reinforcing Valois legitimacy by Raoulet d’Orléans & others Paris, 1375-80 The .iiii. Chapter. How the city of Paris was founded and about the first king of France (rubric on previous folio) Of the second king, named Clodio. The .v. chapter 2. Past & present engage Social & political
    10. 10. 10 BnF MS fr 2813, f. 353v Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V with insertions reinforcing Valois legitimacy by Raoulet d’Orléans & others Paris, 1375-80 Coronation of Philippe VI (of Valois) in 1328. Valois succession to Capetian dynasty = a cause of the Hundred Years’ War “First Chapter. How Philip, Count of Valois, obtained the governance of the kingdom and of his coronation.” ( = rubric substituted by Raoulet d’Orléans for the Original by Henri de Trévou) 2. Past & present engage Social & political
    11. 11. 11 BnF MS fr 2813, f. 357r Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V with insertions reinforcing Valois legitimacy by Raoulet d’Orléans & others Paris, 1375-80 How the King of England traveled by sea to the city of Amiens where the aforementioned King of England had to (devoit) … …Perform [liege] homage to the Kin of France for the Duchy of Aqui- taine and the County of Ponthieu as vassal (homme) of the King of France Homage of Edward III to King Philip VI at Amiens In 1329 (Part 1) 2. Past & present engage Social & political
    12. 12. 12 Homage of Edward III to King Philip VI at Amiens In 1329 (Part 2) BnF MS fr 2813, f. 357v Grandes Chroniques de France, personal copy of King Charles V with insertions reinforcing Valois legitimacy by Raoulet d’Orléans & others Paris, 1375-80 How the King of England performed homage to the King of France at Amiens for the Duchy of Aquitaine and the County of … …Ponthieu, just as he was bound to Here follows the tenor of the officially sealed letter that the King of England sent and which contains the form of the homage that the King of England performed at Amiens to the King of France for the above- named lands Edward’s exaggerated hand-size s his performance of “inmixtio manu rite 2. Past & present engage Social & political
    13. 13. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 3. Vernacular manuscripts show how dynastic politics affect contemporary conversation. 13 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 269r Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; bk V, c. xxv translation commissioned by King Charles V Scribe = Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77
    14. 14. 14 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 269r Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; bk V, c. xxv translation commissioned by King Charles V & executed by Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77 Exposicion sus ce chapitre Le translateur3. Dynastic politics change historical works
    15. 15. 15 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 270v Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; bk V, c. xxv translation commissioned by King Charles V & executed by Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77 “…this matter divides into thr points. The one concerning t birth of the first Frenchmen from whom descend the first kings of France. The second regards the firs French kings and how they initially came to have lordshi and in what places. And the third point is when the city of Paris was first bui since it is the head and most important city in the kingdom of France.” “In his chronicle, Master Hugh of Saint Victor, and he who made the chronicles of France and the division of the world in his book called In exordio rerum recounts the origin of the French and again he who made the chronicle In exordio rerum…” 3. Dynastic politics change historical works
    16. 16. 16 BnF MS fr 22912, f. 270 Saint Augustin, Cité de Dieu; bk V, c. xxv translation commissioned by King Charles V & executed by Raoul de Presles Paris, 1375-77 “…and by this we can see that in the time of Valentinien, there were dukes and governo in Paris. And because we’ve come to the origin of the French and of the time of the founding of Paris and also of the dukes and kings who first dwelt there, we will speak a bit about what we have read and felt in the chroniclers who have treated these matters, chronic such as …” 3. Dynastic politics change historical works
    17. 17. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 4. Vernacular MSS show effect of ethical and spiritual values on polity to princes 17 En ce livre moral sont conte- eneus pluseurs notables et bons livres, et est à nous Charles, le Ve de notre nom, roy de France, et le fimes escrire et parfere l’an mil CCC LXXII. CHARLES [This book of moral topics, containing various noteworthy and uplifting books, belongs to us, Charles, the fifth king of France with our name, and we had it copied and completed in the year CCC LXXII. CHARLES]B. M. de Besançon MS français 434
    18. 18. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 5. MSS. show human mutability by reconceptualizing form & content. 18 B.M. Dijon 525, f. 160r, détail, Gervais du Bus Roman de Fauvel , Mathias Rivalli, copiste (Paris, 1355-1362)
    19. 19. Principles of Knowledge Politics of 14th –century French Manuscript Culture 6. Vernacular MSS. demonstrate complex connections between past and present cultures, as well as between different contemporary milieux by engaging text networks from different periods and languages. 19 Valerius Maximus (14–37 C.E.) trans. for Charles V By Simon de Hesdin BnF fr. 9749, f. 1r Paris, 1375
    20. 20. 7. Text networks impart a double dynamic where the contemporary vernacular structure actuates layers of allusion from the near and far past, which manuscripts engage – positively or negatively, ironically or paradigmatically – to create a complex dynamic within the codex 20 Aristotle’s Politics; Translated by Nicole Oresme for Charles V, 1365-68 KBR 11201-202, ff. 1v-2r.
    21. 21. 21 Aristotle’s Politics; Translated by Nicole Oresme for Charles V, 1365-68 KBR 11201-202, f. 1r (detail) Je, Raoulet d’Orliens qui l’escri ay mis le text premier ainsi signé .T. et apres la glose s’ensuit ainsi signée .O. qui fait Oresme. [I, Raoulet d’Orléans, the scribe, placed (Ariostotle’s) text first indicated by .T. and afterwards Oresme’s glo follows marked by .O. ]
    22. 22. 22 Explicit
    23. 23. 23 Brussels, KBR 10309, L’avision Christine, f. 61d Se plainte Christine de Fortune/ qui luy oster ses bos amys

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