Quality Assurance in OFDL by Prof. Marmar Mukhopadhyay
Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Learning Prof. Marmar Mukhopadhyay Chairman ETMA, Gurgaonmarmar.email@example.com
A Hugely debated subject in ODLInternationally International Discourse Indian Discourse
International An identified Discourse arrea of concern and emphasis in COL Case studies on UKOU -- @QA, e.g., QAA and Universitas OU, Internal Terbuka Malaysia, Validation 9000 Unit Certificat ion
1990s – Australia, New Zealand, Canada. Adaptation in India, Hong Kong2000-10 Quality Culture – convergence of Internal and external quality assurance measures COL is supporting,Publication of Quality Assurance Toolkit
QA in O DL n urse o The disco ; c ocoon uck in its cism: ODL s t iti i ve Cr stem; f Negat ion Sy arers o Educat o rch be Formal ors and T ains of in ODL;Initiat med capt ment for Im prove Unin Q uality ability y ope for e emplo Enou g h Sc ogniz rs to rec ploye ce of Em Rel uctan
QA is function of internal qualitymanagement and external quality control
Indian Situation NCTE separated from NCERT; AICTE fromISTE, but DEC remained with IGNOU. No designated Agency for Quality Control withStatutory Authority
Indian Situation DEC created by IGNOU, not by an Act of Parliament. Conflict of Interest – IGNOU as both controlling andbeneficiary agency;
Indian Situation Clash of Jurisdiction with NCTE, AICTE and UGC; Peer-Group Evaluation as a mechanism do not workin India, e.g. NCTE, AICTE, DEC’s reputation.
Indian Situation External Quality Control mechanism notworking; Private commercial initiatives (Franchisees)completely changed ethical dimension of QA. Poor quality learning material in many univ.but accredited by DEC.
Madhavan Menon Committee sets new parameters of ODLContradiction of AICTE resolution and NPE 1986,Rewriting roles of NCTE, AICTE and UGC on QA in ODL;Reinforcing the proposal of umbrella organization ineducation as a constitutional agency like CAG, CEC, etc.
Internal Mechanism of QA.Not in place,Early Inspiration of ODL – Dual Mode Univs.
Techniques of QA in ODLTotal Quality ManagementQuality CircleSix Sigma
Component Analysis Print Audio Curriculum Learning Video Material Digital and Admis other sion forms Delivery ODL Student of LM Support Services Summative Formative Management AssessmenAssessmen & ts ts Leadership
Setting upIndicators of Quality and Benchmarks for Each micro component
Pedagogy of ODL1.Identify various ODL Learning Tactics;2.Relate each Tactics with Levels of LearningGoals (level of thinking)3.Create Blended Learning Designs
Quality Assurance in Distance Systems Approach EducationComponentAssure Quality of Eachof the SystemAssure Quality of Relationshipsand InterdependenceBetween and AmongComponents
• Creativity Encouraged • Process and Rules all• Clear Roles and ImportantResponsibilities • Vague• Clear Evaluation Strategies • No Systematic Strategies• Plans Long Term • Plans Short Terms• Quality as part of Culture • See Quality as• Means to Improve Customer TroublesomeSatisfaction • See Quality to Cut Costs
Methods of Quality AssuranceAssure Quality of EachComponent of the MCLSAssure Quality of Interrelationshipand Interdependence ofMCLS Component
Components Indicators • Is there a Set of Objectives • Objectives Stated Clearly • Objectives Should be Measurable Objectives • Objectives Stated in Terms of Learning Outcome • SAQ after each Section • Different Types of SAQs • Set of Lesson End QuestionsEvaluation (LEQ)Exercises • LEQ Cover Whole Text • SAQ Measure Objectives • Language • Etc.
This is Pedagogical Science, TouchesCognitive Processes