Open Schooling by Prof. S S Jena


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Open Schooling by Prof. S S Jena

  1. 1. OPEN SCHOOLING FOREMPOWERING YOUTHS Dr.S.S.Jena Chairman, NIOS Conference on Open & Flexible Distance Learning (OFDL) Feb.20-22, 2013 SNDT University, Mumbai
  2. 2. Fifth GenerationThe Intelligent Flexible Learning First Generation Model The Correspondence Model Second Generation Interactive multimedia (IMM) Print The Multi-media Model Internet-based access to WWW Print, Audiotape, videotape, resources Computer-based learning, Computer mediated Interactive video (disk and tape) communication, using automated response systems ODL Third Generation Fourth Generation The Tele-learning Model The Flexible Learning Model Audio teleconferencing Interactive multimedia (IMM) Videoconferencing Internet-based access to WWW resources Audio graphic communication Computer mediated communication Broadcast TV/Radio and Audio teleconferencing03/06/13
  3. 3. Paradigm Shifts in School Education• Shift of learning from only classroom to anywhere.• From teacher-centric to learner-centric.• From teacher as instructor to teacher as a facilitator of learning.• From mainly oral instruction to also technology-aided instruction.• From fixed time to any time during life as learning time.• From “you learn what we offer” to “we offer that you want to learn”.• From education as a one-time activity to education as lifelong activity.• “ Education Any Time, Any Body, Any Where”03/06/13
  4. 4. Open Schooling in India 97 Million Children (Age Group 14-18) are eligible now for Secondary & Sr. Secondary Education Impact of Education for All Programme & RTE pressure on Secondary Education System 15% (12 Million) to be cater to by Open Schooling as Targeted under XIIth Five Year Plan Present Capacity about 04 Million (02 Million by NIOS + 02 Million by SOSs) About 08 million gap still to be filled-in by the Open Schooling System Creating “Safety Net” for Drop Outs and Disadvantaged Groups03/06/13
  5. 5. Hallmark of Open Schooling Flexibility in Age of Admission (no upper age limit & Minimum age is 14+) Flexibility in deciding course, place and space of study Freedom to select subjects, according to one’s needs, interest & abilities; Integration of academic with vocational courses; Continuous assessment through Tutor Marked Assignments(TMA), Credit accumulation facility over a period of 5 years; Facility of transfer of credits from other Boards of school Education03/06/13
  6. 6. SCHOOL DROP OUTS03/06/13
  7. 7. GIRLS & WOMEN03/06/13
  8. 8. RURAL WOMEN & URBAN POOR03/06/13
  9. 9. ADULT LEARNERS03/06/13
  10. 10. SC & ST LEARNERS03/06/13
  11. 11. MINORITES03/06/13
  13. 13. JAIL INMATES03/06/13
  14. 14. DEFENCE PERSONNEL03/06/13
  15. 15. Courses Offered Elementary Education• Open Basic Education (OBE) at A level, B level and C level equivalent to Classes III, V, VIII respectively of formal Education Secondary Education (Xth)• Offered in 7 Indian languages including English, Hindi & Urdu. Sr.Secondary Education (XII)• Offered in 3 Indian languages – English, Hindi & Urdu Vocational Courses in about 100 Vocational Areas Courses for Special Focus Groups such as Hunar03/06/13
  16. 16. Instructional System at NIOSCurriculum Planning Identification of Certification and Development needs of Groups Printed Material Contact Classes Production of MultiMedia (MM) and Self Lab PracticalsInstructional Material (SIM) A.V.Cassettes Examination & Delivery Learners Evaluation Radio Broadcast System Telecast Internet Based Teleconferencing Feed back NIOS touches and changes life of Millions.03/06/13
  18. 18. Genderwise Coursewise Enrolment 55.10% Vocational courses 44.89% Girls Boys 29.91% Academic Courses 70.09% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00%03/06/13
  19. 19. ICT enabled learning tools: Some contemporary reflections• NPTEL Open Courseware• IGNOU on-line initiatives• Digital resources repository of CEC• Web based resources of NCERT• CBSE e-Books• Open Courseware of NIOS & OER• Mukta Vidya Vani: The Innovation for Masses03/06/13
  20. 20. National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) • Objective of NPTEL program is to enhance the quality of engineering education in the country by developing curriculum based video and web courses • Open courseware initiative by seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) • Supplementary content for 967 web courses in engineering/science and humanities • More than 10,000 courses have been developed in video format, with each course comprising approximately 40mts or more than one-hour lectures • Proposed for Virtual Technical University03/06/13
  21. 21. IGNOU Online Uploading of more than 30000 lessons of IGNOU Self Instructional Materials and 1600 videos Webcasting of telecast inputs covered under Gyan Darshan Use of wiki for collaborative content generation03/06/13
  22. 22. Digital resources repository of CEC  CEC is an inter-university centre on electronic media under the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India  CEC in coordination with its 17 Educational Multimedia Research Centres produces television programmes in various subject in English, Hindi and regional languages  All video inputs are syllabus-based topics those are taught in schools, polytechnics, colleges and universities & telecast through television network  CEC Learning Object Repository (LOR) and the Digital Video Repository (DVR) provides worldwide access to these qualitative learning resources03/06/13
  23. 23. NCERT’s web based Learning Resources  NCERT is an apex resource organization set up by the Government of India to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on curriculum & instructional reforms related to school education  School textbooks are now freely available through its web portal for students and teachers  Video resources available in You Tube  Web casting of Telecast Learning inputs03/06/13
  24. 24. CBSE E-Books  Available for Class IX & X  Supports additional information a student is looking for through the alternative resources, both print &non-print based  Free download online anytime without any cost to the students  Formative & summative assessment tools are also available in selected subject03/06/13 areas
  25. 25. OER For Open schools: COL’s initiative COL’s OER Project on Open Schooling • 17 selected secondary school subjects under creative common License Agreement (CC-BY-SA) • 6 Countries involved are Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Seychelles, Trinidad & Tobago & Zambia • Prime objective is to increase accessibility to quality materials for school education • Teacher/instructor’s Guide Books are developed in 5 subjects on how to use the OER • Currently available on CD ROM • Development of OER Policy thru03/06/13 COMOSA
  26. 26. NIOS Open Courseware  All print based materials of Secondary & Sr. Secondary levels are uploaded on the web  More than 200 hours of video materials are available on You Tube  More than 400 hours of Audio materials are available for free downloading through NIOS Website  Streaming of Audio through internet provided both online and offline mode (Mukta Vidy Vani) on 24X7  On-line support through e-03/06/13 tutoring
  27. 27. OER Initiative of NIOS  Develop exemplary courseware, both print & non-print forms, in selected vocational subject areas  Subject areas selected are (i) Computer & IT, (ii) Tourism & Hospitality Management & (iii) Rural Technology  Online collaborative platform is created for development of digital materials  Approaches followed in development of the resource materials are based on (i) Role based education for Scenario Based Learning & (ii) Situated based Social Reconstruction & Transformation Process03/06/13
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  29. 29. Web Hits Analysis• Summary• Hourly• Came From• Recent Came From• Visitor Paths• Visit Length• Recent Page load Activity• Recent Visitor Activity• Recent Visitor Map• Country/State/City/ISP 03/06/13
  30. 30. “ Empowered Children Leads to Empowered Society” THANK YOU03/06/13