7Mission-SpecificCompetencies: Personal Protective Equipment
7 Objectives (1 of 3)• Describe personal protective equipment (PPE) for hazardous materials incidents• Describe the capabilities of the PPE provided by the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) so as to perform any mission-specific tasks assigned
7 Objectives (2 of 3)• Describe how to don, work in, and doff the PPE provided by the AHJ• Describe PPE performance requirements• Describe ways to ensure that personnel do not go beyond their level of training and equipment
7 Objectives (3 of 3)• Describe cooling technologies• Terminate the incident by completing the reports and documentation pertaining to PPE
7 Selecting Personal Protective Equipment• Use risk-based approach in selecting• Disposable, single, or limited use• Reusable – Need testing at regular intervals – Store in cool, dry place
7 TRACEMP (1 of 2)• Acronym for potential responder hazards – Thermal – Radiological – Asphyxiating – Chemical
7 TRACEMP (2 of 2)– Etiological/biological– Mechanical– Psychogenic
7Street Clothing and Work Uniforms (1 of 2)• Least protection• Nomex flame-resistant jumpsuit
7Street Clothing and Work Uniforms (2 of 2) A Nomex jumpsuit.
7 Forced-Air Cooling Systems• Force prechilled air through a system of hoses worn close to the body• Lightweight, provide long-term cooling benefits• Inhibit mobility (attached to external, fixed compressor)
7 Ice-Cooled or Gel-Packed Vests (1 of 2)• Low cost• Portable• Packs can be “recharged” (refrozen)• Bulky• May fool body into retaining heat
7Ice-Cooled or Gel-Packed Vests (2 of 2) Ice-cooled system.
7 Fluid-Chilled Systems (1 of 2)• Pump ice-chilled liquid through tubes• May limit mobility• Additional weight can increase workload and generate more heat
7Fluid-Chilled Systems (2 of 2) A fluid-chilled or water-cooled system.
7Phase-Change Cooling Technology (1 of 2)• Temperature of material is chilled to 60°F• Fabric wicks away perspiration• “Recharges” more quickly than gel-packed vest
7Phase-Change Cooling Technology (2 of 2) Phase-change cooling technology.
7 Reporting and Documenting Incidents• Important part of response• Correlated with how well organized response was• Formal accounts of event• Exposure records
7 Summary (1 of 3)• Use risk-based approach in selecting PPE• Follow policies of local jurisdiction• Chemical-protective clothing includes vapor-protective and liquid splash−protective clothing
7 Summary (2 of 3)• NFPA 1994 covers garment and respiratory protection• Levels A is required when environment exceeds IDLH values for skin absorption• Level B is minimum when operating in unknown environment• Level C is appropriate when the type of airborne substance is unknown, concentration is measured and criteria for APR’s are met
7 Summary (3 of 3)• PPE may cause heat-related maladies• Cooling technology under garment may help• Follow manufacturer’s guidelines• Written accounts of event and exposure records needed