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The Growing Awareness of Quality Early Childhood Education in Asia

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Early Childhood Education Global Conference, Mumbai, India, 15 December 2011

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The Growing Awareness of Quality Early Childhood Education in Asia

  1. 1. Early Childhood Education Global Conference Mumbai, India 15 December 2011 THE GROWING AWARENESS OF QUALITY EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ASIA Sally May Tan Chief Executive Officer Knowledge Universe South East Asia
  2. 2. If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant trees; if in terms of 100 years, teach the people. Confucius
  3. 5. Factors at play affecting access and quality of ECE Issue of responsibility Policy and InfrastructureSupport Supporting parents in positive family care practices
  4. 6. The 2008 EFA* Global Monitoring Report stated that only 53% of the world’s countries have ECE programmes for children under 3. Image source: blogspot.com * Education For All
  5. 7. Around the world… 67 million children of primary-school age out of school 17% of the world’s adults (793 million people, two- thirds are women) still lack basic literacy skills. 2 million more teachers need to be recruited and trained by 2015 to achieve universal primary education Source: unesco.org
  6. 8. What research tells us ... “ Rate of return of a dollar invested while a person is young is higher than the rate of return of the same dollar made at a later age.” James Heckman Nobel Laureate, Economist
  7. 9. The Education for All (EFA) goals focus on the need to provide learning opportunities at every stage in life, from infancy to adulthood. Image source: unesco.org
  8. 10. Goal #1 Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children Image source: unesco.org
  9. 11. Goal #2 Ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to, and complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality. Image source: huffingtonpost.com
  10. 12. Goal #3 Ensuring that the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life-skills programmes
  11. 13. Goal #4 Achieving a 50 per cent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015, especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults. Goal #5 Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality.
  12. 14. Goal #6 Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence so that recognised and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills.
  13. 15. “ The mandate to improve all aspects of the quality of education is largely dependent on the quality of the content ; and for more and better trained teachers ...” UNESCO EFA Monitoring Report 2005 Source: unesco.org
  14. 17. Singapore South-East Asia Sub-Region Image source: theasiaparent.com ; trueknowledge.com Terms used to denote Early Childhood Services and Age Ranges covered in South Asia Definition and Age Ranges ECCE (0-6 years), including an array of private and NGO-sponsored programmes, creches for working mothers, and pre-primary section in schools (3-6 years)
  15. 19. <ul><li>HDI for 2011 = 0.866 </li></ul>Very high human development category Singapore <ul><li>Position = 26 out of 187 countries & territories </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth increased by 9.5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Mean years of schooling increased by 5.1 years </li></ul><ul><li>GNI per capita increased by 273.0% </li></ul>Source: undp.org
  16. 20. China East Asia Sub-Region Medium human development category <ul><li>Han Chinese 91.5%, minorities and other nationalities 8.5% </li></ul><ul><li>HDI for 2011 = 0.687 </li></ul><ul><li>Position = 101 out of 187 countries & territories </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth 74.68 years </li></ul><ul><li>Mean years of schooling 7.5 </li></ul>Sources: stateuniversity.com ; lonelyplanet.com ; wikipedia.org
  17. 21. China Sources: theasianparent.com ; chinadigitaltimes.net Terms used to denote Early Childhood Services and Age Ranges covered in South Asia Definition and Age Ranges ECCE (0-6 years), including an array of private and NGO-sponsored programmes, creches for working mothers, and pre-primary section in schools (3-6 years)
  18. 23. India South Asia Sub-Region <ul><li>Population : approximately 1,198,003,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups : Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% </li></ul><ul><li>HDI for 2011 = 0.547 </li></ul><ul><li>Position = 134 out of 187 countries & territories </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth 64.4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Mean years of schooling 4.4 </li></ul>Medium human development category Sources: infoplease.com ; trueknowledge.com ; atimes.com
  19. 24. India Sources: flickr.com ; outlookindia.com Terms used to denote Early Childhood Services and Age Ranges covered in South Asia Definition and Age Ranges ECCE (0-6 years), including an array of private and NGO-sponsored programmes, creches for working mothers, and pre-primary section in schools (3-6 years)
  20. 26. Malaysia South-East Asia Sub-Region <ul><li>Population : 28.7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups : Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% </li></ul><ul><li>HDI for 2011 = 0.761 </li></ul><ul><li>Position = 61 out of 187 countries & territories </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth at 73.79 years </li></ul><ul><li>Mean years of schooling: 12.6 </li></ul>High human development category Sources: altiusdirectory.com ; indexmundi.com ; undp.org ; trueknowledge.com
  21. 27. Malaysia Sources: unhcr.org ; worldofstock.com Terms used to denote Early Childhood Services and Age Ranges covered in South Asia Definition and Age Ranges ECCE (0-6 years), including an array of private and NGO-sponsored programmes, creches for working mothers, and pre-primary section in schools (3-6 years)
  22. 30. Transform, not reform.
  23. 31. <ul><li>Images and Information Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EFA Global Monitoring Report http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/efareport/reports/2011-conflict/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education For All (EFA) http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/education-for-all/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Dakar Framework for Education http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001211/121147e.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Quality Imperative http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/efareport/reports/2005-quality/ </li></ul></ul>Early Learning Matters http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8U96Q_x3qE Nurturing the Children. Help Them Bloom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1_ser1CA1yI Chinese Migrant Children Given Opportunity to Attend School http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KV_0NdRAThc Early Education in India http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FR7ZJJjP7o Giving an early boost to the next generation of... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ivBr5YpZ-I Change the First Five Years and You Change Everything http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbSp88PBe9E Credits Cindy Yew Curriculum Development Consultant Knowledge Universe

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