Blogosphere

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Blogosphere

  1. 1. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>Andrej Skolkay </li></ul><ul><li>Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Paper for COST A 30 S e m inar </li></ul><ul><li>at the University of Milan, </li></ul><ul><li>Milan, Italy, June 22-23, 2007 </li></ul>
  2. 2. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>BLOGSPHERE - A NEW </li></ul><ul><li>IDEAL HABERMASIAN </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC SPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES </li></ul><ul><li>OF BLOGOS P HERE </li></ul>
  3. 3. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>Ján Mojto - Mediálnu totalitu nahrádza mediálna demokracia </li></ul><ul><li>Slovenskí herci často hovoria, že skutočne slávni by boli, ak </li></ul><ul><li>by ich poznali na benzínovej pumpe v Hainburgu. </li></ul><ul><li>Ján Mojto je Slovák, ktorého pozná celá Európa, ale doma </li></ul><ul><li>hovorí </li></ul><ul><li>jeho meno len pár ľuďom. Je to aj vďaka tomu, že skôr sa </li></ul><ul><li>o ňom dozviete z Financial Times alebo The Economist, ako z </li></ul><ul><li>ktoréhokoľvek slovenského denníka. </li></ul><ul><li>Ján Mojto, jeden z najvplyvnejších mužov v televíznom </li></ul><ul><li>biznise v Európe, dnes prišiel na Slovensko. </li></ul>
  4. 4. State of the Blogosphere, April 2006 Part 1: On Blogosphere Growth http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000432.html
  5. 5. State of the Blogosphere, April 2006 Part 1: On Blogosphere Growth * Technorati now tracks over 37.3 Million blogs * The blogosphere is doubling in size every 6 months * It is now over 60 times bigger than it was 3 years ago * On average, a new weblog is created every second of every day * 19.4 million bloggers (55%) are still posting 3 months after their blogs are created * Technorati tracks about 1.2 Million new blog posts each day, about 50,000 per hour
  6. 6. State of the Blogosphere, April 2006 Part 2: On Language and Tagging http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000433.html
  7. 7. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>new regulatory challenges </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>challenges to our understanding of </li></ul><ul><li>freedom of expression. </li></ul>
  8. 8. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>violence (promoted) by words </li></ul><ul><li>low level of public discourse </li></ul>
  9. 9. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>Tim O´Reilly </li></ul><ul><li>Blogger's Code of Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>„ take responsibility not just for your own words, </li></ul><ul><li>but for the comments you allow on your blog. “ </li></ul><ul><li>March 31, 2007 , </li></ul><ul><li>http://radar.oreilly.com/archives/2007/04/draft_bloggers_1.html </li></ul>
  10. 10. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>Slovak blogosphere </li></ul><ul><li>a) private sphere ~ public sphere? </li></ul><ul><li>b) opinion ~ libel? </li></ul><ul><li>c) public interest ~ private interest? </li></ul>
  11. 11. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>Criticism is fine, </li></ul><ul><li>if it is fair </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>based on facts . </li></ul>
  12. 12. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC DISCOURSE IN BLOGOSPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>protected anonymity </li></ul><ul><li>distance </li></ul><ul><li>no - or little - time left for serious thinking </li></ul>
  13. 13. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>„ tabloid conversation“ </li></ul><ul><li>and/or </li></ul><ul><li>„ communication garbage“ </li></ul>
  14. 14. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>&quot;hard&quot; issues of </li></ul><ul><li>political censorship and pornography </li></ul><ul><li>“ soft&quot; issues of </li></ul><ul><li>copyright, decency, libel and civility </li></ul>
  15. 15. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF </li></ul><ul><li>BLOGOSPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>Selection cr iteria ( karma“ system, readership frequency </li></ul><ul><li>and selection of articles based on editorial decision plus VIP) </li></ul><ul><li>(logic of this system leads to scandalous writing, </li></ul><ul><li>especially of headlines) </li></ul><ul><li>Flogs ( promotion of vested interests) </li></ul>
  16. 16. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><li>The German Constitutional Court, March 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>“ internet providers are oblidged </li></ul><ul><li>to remove some comments which </li></ul><ul><li>offend concrete person s . </li></ul><ul><li>This should be done regardles of whether author of </li></ul><ul><li>comments is known or unknown” </li></ul>
  17. 17. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><ul><li>the issue of copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ fair dealing” or &quot;fair use&quot; </li></ul>
  18. 18. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS
  19. 19. REGULATION OF THE BLOGOSPHERE: TESTING EUROPEAN CRITERIA ON NATIONAL GROUNDS <ul><ul><li>“ One picture i s worth 10,000 words” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Face Behind The Blog </li></ul>

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