The Impact Corruption has on Education For All


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An overview of the effects corruption has on the campaign for education for all presented during a grad class on international educational development.

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  • Today we are going to be talking about the relationships between Corruption and Education For All. We will begin by giving a brief overview of corruption, discussing its various forms and types. Then we will discuss the devastating effects of corruption on development and how it relates to education for all. Finally, we will discuss the “Catch 22” of Education and Corruption: paralleling the need for education to combat corruption, but the ironically corrupt nature of educational institutions.
  • Ask the class what they think corruption is and write their answers on the board.
  • The Impact Corruption has on Education For All

    1. 1. Corruption & Education For All Shanna Kurpe Rebecca Olive Rodney Reeves
    2. 2. What is Corruption? <ul><li>corruption |k əˈ r ə p sh ə n| </li></ul><ul><li>dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery </li></ul><ul><li>the action of making som eo ne or something morally depraved or the state of being so </li></ul><ul><li>accrual of corrupt acts overtime to create a climate or culture of corruption </li></ul><ul><li>the abuse of authority for material, personal, group, or organizational gain </li></ul><ul><li>violation of legally established barriers that exist between public office and private interest </li></ul>
    3. 3. Source: Amundsen, I. 2000. What are the various forms of corruption? Form of Corruption Embezzlement Bribery Fraud Extortion Favoritism Definition Theft of public resources by public officials. Payment (in money or in kind) given or taken in a corrupt relationship. Economic crime that involves some kind of trickery, swindle or deceit. Money and other resources extracted by the use of coercion, violence or threats to use force. Mechanism of power abuse implying ‘privatization’ and a highly biased distribution of state resources. Family of Terms Misappropriation, diversion, leakage, capture of funds Kickbacks, gratuities, baksheesh, pay-offs, speed and grease money Forgery, smuggling, counterfeit Blackmail, informal taxation Nepotism, cronyism, clientelism, bias Examples from the Education Sector Educational funds used for political campaigns. School funds diverted for private interest. Bribes paid to be recruited as a teacher. Bribes paid to be admitted to university. Ghost teachers Paper mills and diploma mills. Illegal fees collected to be admitted to school. Sexual harassment for promotion. Recruitment of administrators based on their membership of a political party. Good marks obtained due to favoritism.
    4. 4. Types of Corruption in Education Source: Amundsen, I. 2000. Chapman Tanaka Heyneman Rumyantseva <ul><li>Blatantly illegal acts of bribery or fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Actions to secure a modest income by people paid too little or too late </li></ul><ul><li>Actions taken to get work done in difficult circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in cultural perspectives (e.g. gift giving) </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior resulting from incompetence </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Educational administration </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers’ corruption in classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in educational property and taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Misconduct </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in services/academic corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption that does not involve students as agents and has limited effect on them </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption that involves the students as agents and has a direct effect on their values, beliefs, and life chances </li></ul>
    5. 5. Consequences of Corruption on Education & Development <ul><li>Waste of financial resources </li></ul><ul><li>Children are denied access to schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Misallocation of talents </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of acceptance of manipulation and favoritism as a way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Distorts values of young people; Cynicism </li></ul><ul><li>Blurs lines between right & wrong, legal & illicit, good & evil </li></ul>
    6. 6. Catch Twenty Two The Need for Education to Combat Corruption <ul><li>Corruption and Education are inversely related </li></ul><ul><li>Education increases the demand for transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Education is being used as a tool in Latin America </li></ul>
    7. 7. What Does Corruption Free Education Look Like? <ul><li>Fairness in the distribution of educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>Equality in the selection of students for special training </li></ul><ul><li>Universal standards for accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate mechanisms for the funding of curricula, textbooks and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of minorities and lower socio-economic classes </li></ul><ul><li>Standards for professional conduct among teachers, administrators and policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Clear lines of ownership over land and buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Clear responsibilities for taxation for private and public parties </li></ul>
    8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>What is the definition of corruption? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some examples of corruption in education? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some consequences of corruption on education and development? </li></ul><ul><li>How does education combat corruption? </li></ul>