TPACK: The Knowledge and Awareness of Pre-Service Teachers Steve Kerst, Kevin Shelley, & Kristin Yee
This model gives instructional designers: clear and measurable outcomes that they can use as a guide when designing the instruction combination of five stages that determine the successfulness of the learning process.
enables educators to deliver a learning experience that is clear, consistent, and measurable and enables learners to achieve the instructional goals.
We, the Jump Drivers, used the ADDIE model to help guide us in creating a sequence of lessons that build on preexisting knowledge of technology integration for future uses in technology instruction for Dr. Ward and the Educational Foundations department.
Identification of… the learning problem the goals and objectives the audience’s needs existing knowledge any other relevant characteristics the learning environment any constraints the delivery options the timeline for the project
Initial face to face meeting along with a pre-assessment :
What we identified: the learning problem: we need to find an effective way to educate a target audience about TPACK that meets our objectives the goals and objectives:1. Students will be able to create a Wikispace account and take partin a discussion board related to the concepts covering TPACK.2. Students will be able to compare and contrast Pedagogy,Technology, and the Content domains of TPACK.3. Describe one way that technology can improve pedagogy.4. Describe one way that technology can improve content learning.5. Describe one way that technology can hinder pedagogy.6. Describe one way that technology can hinder content learning.
the audience’s needs: how to implement technology into a classroom existing knowledge: varying technology knowledge the learning environment: on UA campus and STEM school any constraints: none the delivery options: initial face to face meeting then online (Wiki lessons and discussion) the timeline for the project: October 10th to December 4th
Easy access for our target audience to access resources Convenient for not only our schedules but the audience as well
Specifying learning objectives Detailed storyboards/prototypes are made Look and feel, graphic design, user-interface and content is determined here
Our Objectives:1. Students will be able to create a Wikispace account andtake part in a discussion board related to the conceptscovering TPACK.2. Students will be able to compare and contrastPedagogy, Technology, and the Content domains of TPACK.3. Describe one way that technology can improve pedagogy.4. Describe one way that technology can improve contentlearning.5. Describe one way that technology can hinder pedagogy.6. Describe one way that technology can hinder contentlearning
There needs to be a page for: Home/Introduction Introduction video Lesson/Discussion one Lesson/Discussion two Lesson/Discussion three Lesson/Discussion four Pre-assessment Post-assessment
The actual creation of the content and learning materials was based on the Design phase.
First stages was to add the content onto our TPACK wiki
Our wiki is complete and ready for our target audience to start!
What a typical Lesson/Discussion page looks like…
for the beginning stages of the implementation portion of the ADDIE model, we had our target audience complete a pre- assessment survey covering all of the domains of TPACK the survey gave us a good idea of the prior knowledge possessed by our target audience before they became engaged in discussion forums of the Wiki
for the second step in the implementation process, we decided to have our target audience respond to four discussion forums the four discussion forums allowed our target audience to discuss their thoughts regarding TPACK and its use in their classrooms
our target audience did a wonderful job discussing and generating ideas regarding TPACK implementation strategies this is an example of a student response to our second discussion regarding the benefits or detriments of technology integration in the classroom
Formative Evaluation How usable is the design? How are students reacting to the content? Summative Evaluation How well did students meet the objectives?
Pre-assessment In-class discussion Survey of attitudes Pre-production Modification to the Wiki-site Trial posting Ongoing evaluation Added pages Clarified directions
Usability Students were able to log-in and participate in a timely manner Added general help tab Reaction Students provided thoughtful response to discussion prompts Increased feedback to facilitate ongoing discussion
Goal 1: Participation Goal 2: Pedagogy and Technology Goal 3: Content and Technology
Participation All ten students posted to four discussion topics Discussion occurred in a timely manner No major difficulties reported
Pedagogy and Technology Students evaluated TPACK in relation to their own teaching philosophy Several students provided practical examples Students examined the merits of specific technologies including: Smartboard, Prezi, Webquests, Mac vs. PC, YouTube, Vod/podcast, Animoto, Vuvox, Audacity
Content and Technology Students connected types of technology with uses in their teaching subjects Students considered ways in which poor technology can impede content learning
For more info on our TPACK project visit: http://tpck.wikispaces.com