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Zone de Combat: Woodland on OpenStreetMap

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Slides from talk on mapping, tagging and cartography of woodlands on OpenStreetMap.

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Zone de Combat: Woodland on OpenStreetMap

  1. 1. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Zone deZone de CombatCombat Jerry Clough – SK53 Maps Matter (sk53-osm.blogspot.com/)
  2. 2. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Two roads diverged in a wood, and I — I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. Robert Frost, TheRoadNot Taken 1920
  3. 3. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ThemesThemes • Where we are (why we map forests badly) • Why we should map forests better • Where can we start • What do we want to know • How we can do it
  4. 4. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat OS 7OS 7thth SeriesSeries Source: map examples, OpenStreetMap Out of Copyright Ordnance Survey Maps; OS map key, OSM wiki
  5. 5. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat OS 7OS 7thth SeriesSeries Source: map examples, OpenStreetMap Out of Copyright Ordnance Survey Maps; OS map key, OSM wiki
  6. 6. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat OSMCartography of WoodlandOSMCartography of Woodland Credits: map examples: Andy Allan, OpenCycleMap San Michele, Gio le Gamb on Panaramio
  7. 7. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat OSMCartography of WoodlandOSMCartography of Woodland Credits: map examples: Andy Allan, OpenCycleMap San Michele, Gio le Gamb on Panaramio
  8. 8. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Worldwide Forest DistributionWorldwide Forest Distribution
  9. 9. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat A real wood: The DeltaA real wood: The Delta
  10. 10. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat A real wood: The DeltaA real wood: The Delta • Broad-leaved • Deciduous • Dominant trees: – Alder (Alnus glutinosa) – with White Willow (Salix alba) • Plant communities – Salicion albae – Alneta glutinosae – UK NVC W6b • Natural – Self-sustaining • Protection – Nature Reserve – Site of Special Scientific Interest About 40 years old (1970s) • Purpose : wildlife conservation • Managed by panel coppicing • Ownership etc – Operated by Notts WT – Owned by Cemex
  11. 11. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Things we may know about WoodlandThings we may know about Woodland • Plant composition – Evergreen / Deciduous – Coniferous/Broad-leaved Mixed – Dominant tree species – Ground cover • Main Purpose – Conservation – Timber / Wood Products – Hunting – Leisure – Multi-use – … • Management – Coppicing / Pollarding – Clear-felling / Selective extraction – Neglected • Planted / Self-sustaining – Plantations • Serried rows of trees • Age – Ancient Woodland / Urwaelder • Operator • Management
  12. 12. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Top Down /BottomUpTop Down /BottomUp • Top Down – Simple concepts – Step-wise refinement • Easily recognised types • Build on existing tagging • Classic Phytosociology – Requires either • Open Data from Universities & Nature bodies • Detailed surveys (releve) – Swiss official classification not completed after 50+ years • Different tagging
  13. 13. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Focus on HolarcticFocus on Holarctic
  14. 14. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Tremling AspenTremling Aspen
  15. 15. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Beech WoodBeech Wood
  16. 16. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Salix RiverineSalix Riverine
  17. 17. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Scot’s PineScot’s Pine
  18. 18. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Bluebell WoodBluebell Wood
  19. 19. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat PoplarPlantationPoplarPlantation
  20. 20. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Brich WoodBrich Wood
  21. 21. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Caledon (Pine) WoodCaledon (Pine) Wood
  22. 22. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Oak1Oak1
  23. 23. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat CottonwoodCottonwood
  24. 24. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat LarchLarch
  25. 25. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Olympic Rain ForestOlympic Rain Forest
  26. 26. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Oak2 (Sherwood)Oak2 (Sherwood)
  27. 27. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Sitka Spruce (Plantations)Sitka Spruce (Plantations)
  28. 28. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat PoplarPlantationPoplarPlantation
  29. 29. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  30. 30. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  31. 31. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  32. 32. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  33. 33. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  34. 34. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Floristic Regions in the HolarcticFloristic Regions in the Holarctic
  35. 35. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat MajorGenera of HolarcticMajorGenera of Holarctic Forest TreesForest Trees • Pines (Pinus)Pines (Pinus) • Spruces (Picea)Spruces (Picea) • Larches (Larix)Larches (Larix) • Silver Firs (Abies)Silver Firs (Abies) • CypressCypress • Beech (Fagus)Beech (Fagus) • Oaks (Quercus)Oaks (Quercus) • Birches (Betula)Birches (Betula) • ChestnutsChestnuts (Castanea)(Castanea) • Limes (Tilia)Limes (Tilia) • Maples (Acer)Maples (Acer) • Ashes (Fraxinus)Ashes (Fraxinus) • Elms (Ulmus)Elms (Ulmus)
  36. 36. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  37. 37. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Larch Woodland : an exampleLarch Woodland : an example
  38. 38. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Larch Woodland : an exampleLarch Woodland : an example • Deciduous conifer – Circumboreal distribution – Climax forests • Valued for timber & amenity • Forest tree – plantations outside native range • Threatened – Phythophora ramorum – Climate Change – Genetic mixing of species
  39. 39. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  40. 40. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat
  41. 41. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees
  42. 42. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees, Woods
  43. 43. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees, Woods, forests…
  44. 44. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees, Woods, forests… Beautiful …
  45. 45. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees, Woods, forests… Beautiful … diverse…
  46. 46. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat ConclusionConclusion Trees, Woods, forests… Beautiful … diverse… …Mappable
  47. 47. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat WoodWoodPasturePasture
  48. 48. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Wood PastureWood Pasture
  49. 49. Jerry Clough : Zone de Combat Wood PastureWood Pasture

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