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Towards Measuring Social Innovation: Some preliminary thoughts


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Towards Measuring Social Innovation: Some preliminary thoughts

  1. 1. TEPSIE *Towards Measuring Social Innovation Some Preliminary Thoughts * Georg Mildenberger Björn Schmitz Eva Bund Centre for Social Investment, University of Heidelberg 1
  2. 2. Why measuring social innovation? I would like to foster social innovation. But – where should I start? And: How can I know my intervention works? 2
  3. 3. Opportunities and challenges of social innovation measurement• Inform policy makers about the state of social innovation and social innovativeness in a specific country• Macro-level approach at national level (as a complement to organizational analysis)• No explicit social innovation measurement tool at hand• Taking a look at existing approaches and their assumptions and indicators• Make adjustments according to social innovation requirements What is social innovation? 3
  4. 4. The object of the measurement tool: Social Innovation Core elements of social innovation How can we measure social (Young Foundation 2012): innovation? • Meets a social need • Need-based-approach • Novelty • Need-legitimacy and urgency • Enhance society’s capacity to act • Framework conditions • From idea to implementation • Innovation activity • Effective • Field-specific outcomes Take a look at existing approaches and learn from these! 4
  5. 5. What indicator systems are relevant for us? • Methodologies measuring other types of innovation (Examples) • Innovation Union Scoreboard, • Global Innovation Index by INSEAD, • Innovation in public sector organisations by NESTA, • Australian Public Sector Innovation Indicators, • … • Methodologies using not-innovation based indicators in specific social fields help to adjust innovation measurement approaches in other fields • OECD Better Life Index, TTT-Index, CIVICUS, National Footprint, … What did we learn and how did we use this information? 5
  6. 6. Theoretical assumptions found in the indicatorsystems and the need for adjustments? • Main assumptions and correlations found in the indicator systems Category Suitable for Needs to be SI measurement adjusted Innovation as a non-linear process + + Financial Resources +/- + Knowledge + + Knowledge Protection +/- + Technology +/- + Partnership & Networks + + Entrepreneurship + + Innovation Culture + + 6
  7. 7. Our Framework Model Which indicators can be applied? 7
  8. 8. Sub indicator Enabling framework conditions “Enhance society’s capacity to act” ✓a) Social Innovation investment framework• Monetary variables of the social economy (TEPSIE)• Public social expenditure (OECD)• Private social spending (OECD)b) Social Innovation institutional framework• Structural variables of the social economy/ public sector organisations (TEPSIE)• Social innovation scientific basis (article database)• Social innovation infrastructure (WEF)• Social Innovation networks (Ashoka, SI Awards)c) Social Innovation political framework• Basic civil liberties/ democracy (International Property Right Index)• Policy awareness about social innovation (National innovation strategies)• Legislation/ political stability (GII, IEF)d) Social Innovation societal climate framework• Social engagement (Civil Society Index, Volunteering in the EU)• Public awareness about social needs (Web analytics)• Citizens’ openness for something new/ readiness to take risks (ALLBUS, APSII)• Tolerance (TTT-Index)• Political participation (Civil Society Index)• Informal sector (EUSI)• Professionalization/ creative workforce (TTT-Index, Civil Society Index) 8
  9. 9. Sub indicator Innovation Activities “From idea to implementation” ✓• Innovation activity “(...) describes the pipelines of ideas flowing through an organisation (...)” (Nesta 2012)• Social innovation activities by social entrepreneurs as well as by actors outside of the economic sphere such as the civil society, informal groups or individuals.• Placed in the centre of the social innovation process influencing the different stages.a) Social innovation investment activities• Organisational and public investment in social innovation strategies• Start-ups• Volunteeringb) Social innovation institutional activities• Social innovation projects currently being carried out• Innovation strategies in social enterprises, civil society organisations, public sector• Social innovation research activities (research projects)c) Social innovation political activities• Political social innovation strategies• Legislation processesd) Social innovation societal activities• Advocacy activities for social needs 9
  10. 10. Sub indicator field-specific outcome and output “Effective” ✓• Measure the change in specific fields of social problems and Love, their urgency (Maslow s Belonging and hierarchy of needs) esteem needs • Education • Political participation• Distinguish between • Social Capital and Networks • Near outcomes (often on • Culture and Recreation organizational level) • Far outcomes (on societal Safety needs level) • Working • Environment Physiological needs • Eating and Drinking • Housing • Health & Care 10
  11. 11. Measuring Social InnovationWhat you should keep in mind• Aim for the needs of different audiences (academia, policy makers, funders, innovators, …)• Stick to an accepted and well balanced definition of social innovation• Carefully operationalize the definition• Connect to existing indicators as close as possible• Never give up! 11
  12. 12. Literature References I• Anheier, H. K., Schröer, A., Then, V. (2012): Soziale Investitionen. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven, Wiesbaden.• Gillwald, K. (2000): Konzepte sozialer Innovation, WZB paper, Querschnittsgruppe Arbeit und Ökologie, WZB, Berlin.• Hoffmann-Riem, W. (2008): Soziale Innovationen. Eine Herausforderung für die Rechtswissenschaft, in: Der Staat 47 (4): 588-605.• Howaldt, J.; Schwarz, M. (2010): Social Innovation: Concepts, research fields and international trends, Zentrum für Soziale Innovation, Vienna.• Mulgan, G. (2012): Social Innovation Theory – Ideas for an Emerging Field, in: Nicholls, A., Murdock, A.: Social Innovation – Blurring Boundaries to Reconfigure Markets, Palgrave: 33-65• OECD (2005): The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, 3rd Edition, OECD Publishing.• The Young Foundation (2012): Social Innovation Overview, A deliverable of the project: “The theoretical, empirical and policy foundations for building social innovation in Europe” (TEPSIE), European Commission – 7th Framework Programme, Brussels: European Commission, DG.• Rothwell, R. (1994): Towards the Fifth-generation Innovation Process, in: International Marketing Review, Vol. 11, No 1. 12
  13. 13. Literature References II• Allman, K., Edler, J., Georghiou, L., Jones, B., Miles, I., Omidvar, O., Ramlogan, R., Rigby, J. (2011): Measuring Wider Framework Conditions for successful innovation. A system’s review of UK and international innovation data, NESTA.• Australian Government – Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research (2011): Working towards a measurement framework for public sector innovation in Australia. A draft discussion paper for the Australian Public Sector Innovation Indicators Project.• Dutta, S. (2012): The Global Innovation Index 2011. Stronger Innovation Linkages for Global Growth, INSEAD, Fontainebleau.• European Union (2012): Innovation Union Scoreboard. Research and Innovation Union Scoreboard. PRO INNO Europe.• Ewing, B., Moore, D., Goldfinger, S., Oursler, A., Reed, A., Wackernagel, M. (2010): Ecological Footprint Atlas 2010.• Hughes, A., Moore, K., Kataria, N. (2012): Innovation in Public Sector Organisations. A pilot survey for measuring innovation across the public sector, NESTA.• Kröhnert, S., Morgenstern, A., Klingholz, R. (2007): Talente, Technologie und Toleranz – wo Deutschland Zukunft hat, Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung, Berlin.• MERIT Technopolis (2012): European Public Sector Innovation Scoreboard (EPSIS) – Methodology report.• Miles, N., et. al. (2009): The wider conditions for innovation in the UK. How the UK compares to leading innovation nations, NESTA.• Naidoo, K. (2004): Preface, CIVICUS Civil Society Index Paper Series, Vol. 2, Issue 1.• OECD (2011): How’s Life? Measuring Well-Being, OECD Publishing, Paris. 13
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention! Contact: bjö 14