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4/05/2011 Governance in Science and Technology    Citizens’ engagement for social innovation ?                 Spring Scho...
4/05/2011      WHO ARE WE?   Mission statementTo monitor and investigate the societal aspects of scientific & technologica...
4/05/2011viWTA/IST – Historical background• End of the 90’s dominated by foods scandals in  Belgium => Questions in public...
4/05/2011  Daily practices  • Yearly programme  • Selection procedure      – Trends & weak signals      – Research and con...
4/05/2011    Technology assessment in the context of policy making                                         IST            ...
4/05/2011     Some guiding principles in PTA  • Client-oriented  • Problem-driven rather than technology driven  • Constru...
4/05/2011                 What do we do?       2002                                                              2011     ...
4/05/2011Working areas of IST                        Life sciences       Methodology                             Environme...
4/05/2011Methodologies                                                                   Theatre plays                    ...
4/05/2011Digital exclusion mechanisms• ICT and elderly(2005) & Technology and poverty(2006)     – Challenge to creativity:...
4/05/2011Foresight: The Road to Anoroso•   A vision of the Flemish energy system 2050 was developed in    an interaction b...
4/05/2011Citizens’ convention• Meeting of Minds – European Citizens’  Deliberation on Brain Sciences (2005-2006)  − Organi...
4/05/2011TA & Governance?    Governance means making systematic use of the richness of societal    diversity, (re)order it...
4/05/2011  Evaluation criteria for public participation in innovation governance? Inclusiveness    Comprehensiveness      ...
4/05/2011    THANK YOU!www.samenlevingentechnologie.beJohan.Evers@vlaamsparlement.be                                      ...
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Governance in Science and Technology: Johan Evers

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Governance in Science and Technology: Johan Evers

  1. 1. 4/05/2011 Governance in Science and Technology Citizens’ engagement for social innovation ? Spring School May 25, 2011 Amsterdam Dr. Johan Evers Project managerSETTING THE STAGE 1
  2. 2. 4/05/2011 WHO ARE WE? Mission statementTo monitor and investigate the societal aspects of scientific & technologicaldevelopments.Based on this work, to organise and stimulate the public debat on thesesocietal aspects, thereby involving experts, stakeholders and the broader public.The results of these debates ought to be made of use for the FlemishParliament (advices, reports, brochures,…) 2
  3. 3. 4/05/2011viWTA/IST – Historical background• End of the 90’s dominated by foods scandals in Belgium => Questions in public opinion• Debate on GM food in Flemish parliament – Five major advisory councils (science, agriculture, health, social economical, environment) demanded public debate, whilst admitting scientific uncertainty• This originated the birth of ‘Flemish Foundation for Science and Technology Assessment’ (viWTA)Daily practices• IST = Parliamentary TA institution• Board of Directors – 8 Members of Flemish Parliament (delivers chairman) – 8 scientific experts (Advisory Councils on Science, Economy, Environment and Health)• Scientific Secretariat (6) – Director & Secretary – 4 project managers / researchers – 1 research assistant – 1 communication & coordination officer 3
  4. 4. 4/05/2011 Daily practices • Yearly programme • Selection procedure – Trends & weak signals – Research and contacts of project managers – Approved by Board of Directors (IST) • Projects can be commissioned by the parliament in the context of – Support – Research and substantial support – Hearings, workshops and seminars – Informative notes – Elucidations – Participatory activities Technology assessmentTechnology assessment is a scientific, interactive andcommunicative process which aims to contribute to theformation of public and political opinion on societal aspects ofscience and technology (Decker & Ladikas, 2004) Forecasting developments Assessing mutual impact Product Process 4
  5. 5. 4/05/2011 Technology assessment in the context of policy making IST OTA EPTA -members • Catalonia (Spain) • Flanders (Belgium) • Finland • France EPTA-associates: • Germany • Greece •Austria • Italy •Council of Europe • Netherlands •Poland • Norway •USA • Sweden • Switzerland • United Kingdom Parliamentary Technology Assessment (PTA) Need for independent and Specific policy societal assessments context: informing & of S&T in decision- advising parliaments Normative making dimension Parliament asCognitive Pragmatic chambres de Specific research contextdimension dimension réflexion TA Problem-driven multidisciplinary research Specific approach: strongly participative Practical attitude 5
  6. 6. 4/05/2011 Some guiding principles in PTA • Client-oriented • Problem-driven rather than technology driven • Constructive logic rather than acceptance logic • Prospective and anticipatory rather than evaluative (ex ante rather than ex post or ex durante) Participatory TA Information ConsultationWhy public participation?To articulate societal preferences Active participationTo make societal interests explicit 6
  7. 7. 4/05/2011 What do we do? 2002 2011 2009 2009 GMO Food in Impact of noise Smart grid Biofuels Flanders pollution 2009 2011 2004 2010 World Wide Views ICT, always a good ICT and Elderly Digital exclusion on climate change idea? 2005 2011 2010Meetings of Minds – 2009 Climate adaptation: Fertility: beyond thethe future of brain CIVISTI the challenges for technology sciences Flanders 2007 2008 2010 2011 Poverty and Flemish energy Intelligent transport Gender and Technology system 2050 systems technology 2008 2010 2011 2008 Road traffic and Awards and ICT Smartly Youth and gaming health festival underground 7
  8. 8. 4/05/2011Working areas of IST Life sciences Methodology Environment Energy and Information climate societyCornerstones of IST Science and technology, decision-making and evolution of society Independent Assessment, research, public recommendation debate and lucid and dialogue communication Information, consultation and participation 8
  9. 9. 4/05/2011Methodologies Theatre plays Focus groups Technology festival Awards Delphi methodology Scenario workshops Lectures Expositions Citizens’ Convention/ Town hall meeting Consensus conference Didactical packages for scholars … Participation toolkitGenetically modified food Suppoting the societal debateSupporting the dialogue between stakeholders Retrospective International trend study symposium Public forum Stakeholders’ Media debate forum Advise Flemish Parliament Better decision making 9
  10. 10. 4/05/2011Digital exclusion mechanisms• ICT and elderly(2005) & Technology and poverty(2006) – Challenge to creativity: design of participatory part of the project – Combination of literature study, interviews, Delphi studies, scenario’s, theatre plays, group discussions Policy recommendations to the parliament• 2010 : Analysis of digital exclusion in Flanders & Technology festival E-dinges Policy recommendations to the parliamentTechnology festivals: Nano Now and E-dingesExpert opinion research on nanotech Survey and brainstorm on digitalin Flanders exclusion in FlandersBrochure in newspaper Recommendations on digital inclusionDidactical package distributed in EOS ICT specialschools 3 day activity3 day activity E-dinges Awards: movie clips andLectures/discussions/theatre/expositions … awardsInteractivity and diversity Workshops for professionals Public dayInformation and discussion Infotainment and debate 3400 persons present Resolution in parliament on 600 persons present nanotechnology Results presented in parliamentary committees 10
  11. 11. 4/05/2011Foresight: The Road to Anoroso• A vision of the Flemish energy system 2050 was developed in an interaction between citizens and experts – Experts: their knowledge – Informed citizens with open and broad perspectives, their values and preferences – complementary producers of useful knowledge for policy makers• Definition phase• Three future scenario’s – one selected• Backcasting with experts policy recommendations on timeline• Conference day 13 December 2008 11
  12. 12. 4/05/2011Citizens’ convention• Meeting of Minds – European Citizens’ Deliberation on Brain Sciences (2005-2006) − Organised by King Baudouin Foundations − Results presented in European Parliament• The car and our health –Public Convention in Flemish Parliament (May 2008) − Extensive evaluation − Presentation in Environment Committee & Governance CommitteeSame method, same rigorous process and qualitycontrol CITIZENS’ PARTICIPATION AND GOVERNANCE: SOME CONSIDERATIONS 12
  13. 13. 4/05/2011TA & Governance? Governance means making systematic use of the richness of societal diversity, (re)order it, and define its boundaries in iterative governing interactions. (Kooiman, 2003: 196) TA aims to produce better technology in a better society, and emphasises the early involvement of a broad array of actors to facilitate social learning about technology and potential impacts. Genus, 2006: 13) Common goal: increase the democratic quality of decision-making on science and technology through participatory proceduresResistance to public participation• Validity of knowledge – not scientific – status of lay knowledge? – not representative – how to select citizens?• Primacy of politics – representative versus deliberative democracy• Cost-benefit – time consuming – (social) return on investment – impact? 13
  14. 14. 4/05/2011 Evaluation criteria for public participation in innovation governance? Inclusiveness Comprehensiveness Fairness/respect Social learning Consensual Balancing consensus Legitimacy Process designdecision-making and dissensus … Challenges for PTA cooperation • Create a learning space for mutual learning • Inspire and be inspired by other policy tools Foresight – Evaluation – Science communication • Promote a role for PTA in innovation policy 14
  15. 15. 4/05/2011 THANK YOU!www.samenlevingentechnologie.beJohan.Evers@vlaamsparlement.be 15

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