European Data
Link Challenges
WAC Aviation Arena
4/Mar/2014
By: Patrick GEURTS, Senior Manager
ATM Business Development
2 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
Contents
1. Quick Historical View
2. Implementing ATN/VDLm...
Quick Historical
View
3 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
• SITA:
• Operating the AIRCOM data link services for 25+
years
• Initially based on ACARS
• In support to AOC
• European ...
5
A/G Data Link for AOC Purpose
Airline Operations depend on Data Link
Aircraft Maintenance
Engine reports via ACARS
enabl...
6
SITA support for FANS & ATN
• 1995 : SITA supports
FANS-1 usage since first
certification
• 2000 SITA deploys VDL
capabi...
SITA VDLm2 Coverage in Europe
VDL service delivered:
• in Spain through
partnership with AENA
• in Germany through
partner...
Implementing
ATN/VDLm2 in
Europe
8 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
9
Contents
1. Quick Historical View
2. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe
3. The Challenges associated with the
Implementing...
VGS Partnership Model
Win / Win Approach
- SITA outsources the provision of its
A/G communication service (AOC, ATC)
to th...
11
ATN Service Model
| European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
The Challenges
associated with
the
Implementing
Rule
12 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
13
The Challenges associated with the
Mandate
VDLm2 multifrequency
Testing and
Certifying
Performance/PAs
AOC/ATC
Co-exist...
Performance / PAs
14
 ATN Provider Abort: investigation within Data Link
Implementation Service Group (Eurocontrol CRO, A...
Performance / PAs
15
• An agreed service monitoring scope is required – taking
into account the complete end to end servic...
Certification Framework
16
• ATC usage of data link requires aviation certification authority
intervention
• European Avia...
Other Challenges
17
• How to reach non-AOC aircraft?
 Rules of Engagement defined by the Link 2000+ Program
 Need to rai...
Conclusions
18 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
• Real time monitoring of the end to end service should be done/coordinated at
European level
• Certification and performa...
Thank You!
20
PSBD/ACS
| European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
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Patrick Geurts, SITA, European Data Link Challenges

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Patrick Geurts, Senior Manager, Air Traffic Solution Business Development, spoke on European Data Link Challenges at World ATM Congress 2014

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Patrick Geurts, SITA, European Data Link Challenges

  1. 1. European Data Link Challenges WAC Aviation Arena 4/Mar/2014 By: Patrick GEURTS, Senior Manager ATM Business Development
  2. 2. 2 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014 Contents 1. Quick Historical View 2. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 3. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 4. Conclusion
  3. 3. Quick Historical View 3 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  4. 4. • SITA: • Operating the AIRCOM data link services for 25+ years • Initially based on ACARS • In support to AOC • European Data Link Mandate • Introducing CPDLC/ATN in European upper airspace • Based on VDLm2 • Sharing the same infrastructure for AOC and ATC • Challenges 4 Introduction | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  5. 5. 5 A/G Data Link for AOC Purpose Airline Operations depend on Data Link Aircraft Maintenance Engine reports via ACARS enable preventive maintenance avoiding costly in-flight breakdowns Operations Control Aircraft movement reports via ACARS key to synchronize operations through airports Flight Planning Flight plans & weather transmission to cockpit enable efficient operation of modern aircraft Airline Operations have already made the transition to Data Link | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  6. 6. 6 SITA support for FANS & ATN • 1995 : SITA supports FANS-1 usage since first certification • 2000 SITA deploys VDL capability developed in 1990’s • 2005 SITA adds operational ATN routers for Eurocontrol • 2008 SITA is ATN/VDLm2 CSP for Eurocontrol Maastricht • SITA has VDL partnerships with ANSP’s of Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Saudi Arabia. ATC Center Airline FANS CPDLC/ ACARS/VDL ICAO CPDLC/ ATN VDL ATN Router ACARS Processor AOC ACARS/ VDL | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  7. 7. SITA VDLm2 Coverage in Europe VDL service delivered: • in Spain through partnership with AENA • in Germany through partnership with DFS • in France through partnership with DSNA • in Portugal through partnership with NAV Portugal • In Switzerland through partnership with Skyguide 7 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  8. 8. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 8 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  9. 9. 9 Contents 1. Quick Historical View 2. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 3. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 4. Conclusion | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  10. 10. VGS Partnership Model Win / Win Approach - SITA outsources the provision of its A/G communication service (AOC, ATC) to the ANSP - SITA contributes to the ANSP costs for operating the A/G infrastructure - The ANSP deploys a state-of-the art A/G datalink communication infrastructure at a fraction of the costs it would sustain if developed from scratch - The ANSP owns and operates the infrastructure and develops its know-how - The ANSP receives a cost contribution that is directly linked to the volume of AOC traffic 10 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  11. 11. 11 ATN Service Model | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  12. 12. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 12 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  13. 13. 13 The Challenges associated with the Mandate VDLm2 multifrequency Testing and Certifying Performance/PAs AOC/ATC Co-existence Non-AOC Operators | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  14. 14. Performance / PAs 14  ATN Provider Abort: investigation within Data Link Implementation Service Group (Eurocontrol CRO, ANSP, CSP, airlines, aircraft and avionics manufacturers)  Detected and investigated since the early implementation of ATN CPDLC during LINK2000+ PSG meeting, now DLISG.  Several problems have been confirmed and corrected (CSP radio or network, VDR Deafness, CMU software)  New problems appear and require further investigations. | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  15. 15. Performance / PAs 15 • An agreed service monitoring scope is required – taking into account the complete end to end service delivery chain  Role of the Central Reporting Office  Harmonization of indicators, their metrics and the reporting process • If investigations indicate frequency congestion, then stakeholders may consider to expedite multi frequency in Europe • This is a dynamically changing ecosystem | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  16. 16. Certification Framework 16 • ATC usage of data link requires aviation certification authority intervention • European Aviation Safety Agency plans to certify ATC use of VHF data link and in some way the VHF data link networks used – impact is unclear • Regulatory framework (i.e. Regulation 552/2004) applies to ATC Components or systems, but what about a service? • ATC usage can create liabilities that cannot be sustained or justified by airline community VHF data link network operators • ANSP’s often need to comply with government policy on contractual liability which may be incompatible with airline community network operator policies • Better certification harmonization is required at European Levels • Avoid contradicting national requirements • Streamline and optimize the certification process | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  17. 17. Other Challenges 17 • How to reach non-AOC aircraft?  Rules of Engagement defined by the Link 2000+ Program  Need to raise awareness of non-AOC aircraft Operators • VDL Multi-frequency  CSC Channel loading is increasing but still low (av. ~ 10%)  If investigations conclude CSC congestion, then stakeholders may consider to expedite multi frequency in Europe  Deployment of multi frequency will require close cooperation between all operators • Tight Schedule – Limited Resources  The next deadline, February 2015, is around the corner  All ANSPs in the 2015 group are knocking at the door  We have to address requests in sequence | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  18. 18. Conclusions 18 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  19. 19. • Real time monitoring of the end to end service should be done/coordinated at European level • Certification and performance requirements imposed by ATC usage of VDL should be harmonized in Europe • Airlines and ANSPs need to recognize that ATC usage of VDL will fundamentally change the VHF data link network operation • ATC sharing of VDL avionics is a compromise – it avoids airlines needing additional avionics but the resulting sharing of VDL channels and stations requires the networks to change to meet ATC requirements • SITA is keen to continue the collaboration to further investigate VDL / ATN issues, but it must be a joint effort from all communication operators (CSPs and ANSPs) as well as other parties like airframers and avionic vendors 19 Conclusion | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014
  20. 20. Thank You! 20 PSBD/ACS | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | © SITA 2014

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