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Presentation by M. Kust, Croatia (ENG) Eighth SIGMA Regional IPA Conference on Public Procurement, Montenegro, June 2018.

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Presentation by M. Kust, Croatia (ENG) Eighth SIGMA Regional IPA Conference on Public Procurement, Montenegro, June 2018.

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Presentation by M. Kust, Croatia (ENG) Eighth SIGMA Regional IPA Conference on Public Procurement, Montenegro, June 2018.

  1. 1. © OECD Professionalization of public procurement Support for professionalization of the public procurement community in Croatia Maja Kušt, Croatia, Bečići, Montenegro, 13 – 14 June 2018
  2. 2. Professionalization of PP • It is not question if professionalization is needed, but rather how to introduce it! • No point of professionalization as an end to itself • Final result should reflect in improved quality of public procurement procedures 1
  3. 3. Development of Croatian system • 2009 – introduction of the structured system and certification  demands of the EU accession process  tackling needs of public procurement practitioners • PP officers working in small contracting authorities didn’t have adequate access to training – more emphasised on local level – lack of budget; training has never been priority for heads/officials; geographical distance (majority of events only in big towns) • It is not question if professionalization is needed, but rather how to introduce it! 2
  4. 4. Development of Croatian system • Questions when establishing system:  Should it be obligatory?  Introduction of certificates? • Duration of training for obtaining certificate? • Exam – yes or no? Written or oral? • Requirements on specific level of education (university) - yes or no?  Renewal of certificates? How, when?  Who should conduct training? Trainers? PPO employees? 3
  5. 5. Development of Croatian system • Some of the first ideas – very demanding and not feasible  e.g. 130 hours of obligatory training, specific obligatory masters course at universities, training carried out only by small number of trainers that had passed some very demanding programmes 4
  6. 6. Development of Croatian system • Final decision making  better to introduce smaller scale system that is not to demanding and that could be implemented in practice • experience in Croatia in various sectors – introduction of number of very demanding and idealistic solutions that are not functioning in practice  there is always room for follow-up upgrade of the system 5
  7. 7. Set-up of introduced system • Introduced elements  obligatory possession of certificate for at least one participating in procurement procedure  requirements for certificate • 50 hours training programme and exam  renewal of certificate – every three years based on 32 hours of training programmes  no requirements on education background for obtaining certificate 6
  8. 8. Set-up of introduced system • Introduced elements  training is carried out by authorised carriers • authorisation is issued by the Directorate for Public Procurement System • market-driven system  exam is held by the Directorate for Public Procurement System 7
  9. 9. Lessons learned • Based on Croatian system, but also on experience of other countries • Croatia - system is still in place, with only small fine-tunings • Key advice – put in place only what you can manage and control 8
  10. 10. Lessons learned • Important to find right level of “obligatory” in order to be implemented in practice, but with right level of burden  Croatia - person holding a certificate has to participate in every procedure, but it doesn’t have to be an employee of a contracting authority • he/she can be engaged in specific procedure – good option for small contracting authorities 9
  11. 11. Lessons learned  If there are requirements on employment of PP professionals, it is important to put in place all required conditions • at various levels – national, local • crucial financial aspect 10
  12. 12. Lessons learned • Very important issue on participation of PPO employees in training  possible benefits • PPO employees have extensive knowledge on legal framework and its implementation • familiar with PPO position on specific topics 11
  13. 13. Lessons learned • Very important issue on participation of PPO employees in training  shortcomings • question of engagement in training organised by other institutions, especially private • required time (working hours or not?) and availability • large risk of conflict of interest (e.g. if PPO holds an exam), question of fees • PPO employees are usually not practitioners – important part of training 12
  14. 14. Lessons learned • Very important issue on participation of PPO employees in training  Croatia • no participation of PPO employees • internal instruction – possible future amendments • exemption – training organised by the State School for Public Administration  if PPO employees are participating in carrying out obligatory training – good system to enable participation of other experts 13
  15. 15. Lessons learned • Requirements on specific level of education (e.g. university)  Croatia – no requirements • number of excellent PP experts doesn’t have university degree • all fields are relevant for PP procedures – law, economics and finance, technical sciences,...  If their is requirement on university degree – good system to enable compensation with specific experience – for example, 10 years of experience 14
  16. 16. Lessons learned • PPOs – important role in enabling as much as possible implementing tools available to everyone  instructions, manuals, guidelines  the best way to steer the quality and content of training 15
  17. 17. © OECD THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! 16

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