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PPT SIGMA workshop on Public consultations, Albania 13 December 2018


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PPT SIGMA workshop on Public consultations, Albania 13 December 2018

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PPT SIGMA workshop on Public consultations, Albania 13 December 2018

  1. 1. © OECD Harmonizing Public Consultations Across The Government in Albania Challenges & Solutions Timo Ligi, Goran Forbici Tirana, 13 December 2018
  2. 2. Agenda for the day • What makes a well-functioning public consultation system? • What are the current challenges in Albania? • How to address these challenges? 1
  3. 3. Important elements for a functioning public consultation system • Procedures established by the legal framework • Procedures implemented consistently, incl.:  advance warning to affected stakeholders;  written + other forms of consultation;  consultation on primary as well as secondary legislation;  supporting policy documents made available alongside draft regulation;  report on outcomes of consultation submitted to the government and made publicly available. • Functioning quality control and availability of guidance 2
  4. 4. Current functioning of public consultation processes • How do you assess it on a scale from 1-5? 3
  5. 5. Challenges? Infrastructural (e.g. institutional and legal framework, IT tools) Implementation – actual practice 4
  6. 6. Infrastructural challenges 5 • Quality control, coordination and systematic support to public bodies not regulated/established • No guidance documents available (further elaborating the rules and providing best practices) • IT infrastructure in place, but not used widely neither by public bodies nor stakeholders (weak promotion) -> no central database -> weak overview • No systematic and on-going training programs (-> lack of skills and knowledge) • Weak role of coordinators for public consultations
  7. 7. Implementation challenges 6 • Low response due to lack of targeted and broad approach • Advance notification rarely practiced • Early involvement unsystematic, consultations focused on drafts (e-consultations) • Unsatisfactory feedback to stakeholders
  8. 8. PART II Addressing the challenges 7
  9. 9. Establishing quality control and coordination 8 • oversight of processes (monitoring, gate-keeping) • coordination (annual reporting, identifying challenges) • support to public bodies (capacity-building, coordination of coordinators, consultancy, training) • promotion (highlighting best practices, promoting different consultative mechanisms and methods, promotion of appeal mechanisms, etc.) WHO?
  10. 10. Office of the Prime-Minister: 9 • OPTION 1: Regulatory Directorate • OPTION 2: Regulatory Directorate -> quality control and oversight Directorate for Good Governance and Policy Development -> support and promotion • OPTION 3: Regulatory Directorate -> laws and other regulation Directorate for Good Governance and Policy Development and Division -> strategic documents and policies
  11. 11. Guidance documents? 10 • Governmental Guidelines on public consultations?
  12. 12. Strengthening the role of coordinators for public consultations? 11 • Main contact point • Responsible for annual consultation plan of the public body • Providing expert advice and support to officials • Collecting and publishing public consultation reports WHAT KIND OF CAPACITY BUILDING WOULD BE USEFUL FOR CO-ORDINATORS TO FILL THIS ROLE?
  13. 13. The Electronic Registry of Public Notification and Consultation? 12 • central register of all past and ongoing consultations on draft acts • all public bodies must use it for their e- consultations and publication of relevant consultation materials • reports on consultations must also be published there HOW TO ACHIEVE THIS?
  14. 14. Weak skills and knowledge? 13 • On-going and systematic training programme, run by the oversight unit
  15. 15. Advance notification? 14 • Annual Governmental consultation plan (based on the annual normative programme)?
  16. 16. Low response? 15 • Targeted approach (i.e. systematic use of early involvement and various methods and communication channels to reach broader audience)? • Use of consultation documents? • Systematic and informative reporting on the results (with prescribed/harmonised format)?
  17. 17. So where do we start? 16