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Questions on Soil Carbon Markets:
Learning from the Kenyan Experience
Karen Hansen-Kuhn
December 3, 2011
Markets need buyers and sellers
Compliance markets
• Kyoto/JI/CDM
• EU EmissionsTrading
Scheme
• Alberta, Canada
• California Carbon
Exchange
Voluntary Markets
• Chicago Climate Exchange
• Africa Climate Exchange
• OTC Exchanges
Falling Carbon Prices
Source: Environmental Finance, based on ICE data
Transaction Costs
Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project
• $2.48 million in carbon revenues over 20 years
(assuming $4 per ton)
• 60% discount rate
• $1.04 million to establish and market fund
• 60,000 farmers receive $22.83
over 20 years
Alternatives
“the sustainability of finance from carbon trading is …structurally
reliant on the failure to reduce emissions adequately in
industrialized countries”
– FERN et al. 20
• Annex 1 countries should honor commitments
• FinancialTransactionsTax
• IMF Special Drawing Rights

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Questions on Soil Carbon Markets: Learning from the Kenyan Experience

  • 1. Questions on Soil Carbon Markets: Learning from the Kenyan Experience Karen Hansen-Kuhn December 3, 2011
  • 2. Markets need buyers and sellers Compliance markets • Kyoto/JI/CDM • EU EmissionsTrading Scheme • Alberta, Canada • California Carbon Exchange Voluntary Markets • Chicago Climate Exchange • Africa Climate Exchange • OTC Exchanges
  • 3. Falling Carbon Prices Source: Environmental Finance, based on ICE data
  • 4. Transaction Costs Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project • $2.48 million in carbon revenues over 20 years (assuming $4 per ton) • 60% discount rate • $1.04 million to establish and market fund • 60,000 farmers receive $22.83 over 20 years
  • 5. Alternatives “the sustainability of finance from carbon trading is …structurally reliant on the failure to reduce emissions adequately in industrialized countries” – FERN et al. 20 • Annex 1 countries should honor commitments • FinancialTransactionsTax • IMF Special Drawing Rights