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Potential of Agrophotovoltaic systems to reduce land use competition between biomass and power production

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Presentation by Daniel Ketzer ITAS/KIT/Stockholm University - at the young researchers meeting on multifunctional landscapes, Gothenburg June 7-8, 2016.

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Potential of Agrophotovoltaic systems to reduce land use competition between biomass and power production

  1. 1. KIT – University of the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg and National Research Center of the Helmholtz Association Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) Department for Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University www.kit.edu Daniel Ketzer Source: University Montpellier Source: University Montpellier Source: Makota Takazawa Potential of Agrophotovoltaic systems to reduce land use competition between biomass and power production Agr4D-Young Researchers Meeting Gothenburg June 7th, 2016
  2. 2. ITAS, Stockholm University2 Structure Project APV-RESOLA Background Research Design Outlook Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  3. 3. ITAS, Stockholm University3 Background Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  4. 4. ITAS, Stockholm University4 Background Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016 Quelle: (SRU, 2010)
  5. 5. ITAS, Stockholm University5 Background Possible quantitative and qualitative extra yield Consistent insolation rates under PV-systems will be enabled (Patent application by Fraunhofer ISE, under review) Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016 Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) in %
  6. 6. ITAS, Stockholm University6 Project APV-RESOLA Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016 Source: Fraunhofer ISE 1: Energy autarky with future energy storage. 2: Direct- marketing of power to residential areas nearby. 3: Power feed-in into national electricity and gas grids.
  7. 7. ITAS, Stockholm University7 APV-Consortium Funding: German Ministry for Education & Research, BMBF Projection duration: March 2015 to June 2019 Budget: 3.2 Mio. €, of which 87.5% public funds Consortium from research and industry Project leader: Stephan Schindele, Fraunhofer ISE June 7th, 2016 Daniel Ketzer
  8. 8. ITAS, Stockholm University8 Research design APV-RESOLA Work packages Technology Energy industry Agriculture Biodiversity Society Concept of Responsible Research and Innovation Sustainable innovation concept: aims at providing innovation supporting advice for politicians, service contractors, and technology developers Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  9. 9. ITAS, Stockholm University9 APV-Pilot at Heggelbachhof June 7th, 2016 Source: Google Maps / Representation by Fraunhofer ISE Daniel Ketzer Reference area APV pilot area Working direction
  10. 10. ITAS, Stockholm University10 APV-Pilot at Heggelbachhof June 7th, 2016 Daniel Ketzer APV pilot area Source: Fraunhofer ISE Source: Hilber Solar Prototype
  11. 11. ITAS, Stockholm University11 Targets APV-technology Political targets: Additional RE capacity Decentralized energy production Regional added value from RE Impact: Food vs. fuel dilemma Changes in biodiversity Changes in landscape/ scenery APV-technology as a solution for: Double use of areas by combining agriculture with open space PV (up to 6 m above ground) Benefits for plant cultivation Additional added value without risking existing agricultural businesses June 7th, 2016 Daniel Ketzer
  12. 12. ITAS, Stockholm University12 Outlook Installation of pilot plant: Summer 2016 Plant cultivation studies at pilot plant Second citizen workshop Stakeholder-workshops to analyze interactions between actors Identify target conflicts within R&D strategies Innovation concept for a sustainable technology implementation Recommendations for Politics Agriculture Technology developers and researchers Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  13. 13. ITAS, Stockholm University13 Contact: daniel.ketzer@kit.edu Thank you very much for your attention! More information: www.agrophotovoltaik.de June 7th, 2016 Daniel Ketzer
  14. 14. ITAS, Stockholm University14 Literature I ARGE Monitoring PV-Anlagen, 2005. Photovoltaik-Freiflächenanlagen - Aktuelle Erfahrungen und Konfliktlinien. Bonn, Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit. ARGE Monitoring PV-Anlagen, 2007. Leitfaden zur Berücksichtigung von Umweltbelangen bei der Planung von PV- Freiflächenanlagen, s.l.: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit. Beck, M., Bopp, G., Goetzberger, A., Obergfell, T., Reise, C., & Schindele. (2012). Combining PV and Food Crops to Agrophotoltaic - Optimization of Orientation and Harvest. BMBF (2011), “National Research Strategy 2030. Our Route towards a biobased economy”. [Online] Available at: http://www.bmbf.de/pub/bioeconomy_2030.pdf. [Accessed 26 06 2014] BMELV, 2012. Greening in der EU-Agrarpolitik. [Online] Available at: http://www.bmelv.de/SharedDocs/Standardartikel/Landwirtschaft/Agrarpolitik/Greening.html [Accessed 20 02 2013]. Brudermann, T., Reinsberger, K., Orthofer, A., Kislinger, M., & Posch, A. (2013). Photovoltaics in agriculture: A case study on decision making of farmers. Energy Policy, 61, 96–103. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.06.081 Dupraz, C., Marrou, H., Talbot, G., Dufour, L., Nogier, a., & Ferard, Y. (2011). Combining solar photovoltaic panels and food crops for optimising land use: Towards new agrivoltaic schemes. Renewable Energy, 36(10), 2725–2732. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.03.005 EuPD Research (2012): Die Zukunft des PV-Freiflächensegments in Deutschland. Eine Potenzialanalyse bis 2017. Im Auftrag der Wattner AG, Köln. Wattner AG, Köln. Available online at http://www.wattner.de/uploads/media/2012-03_Wattner_- _Studie_EuPD_Research_-_Die_Zukunft_des_PV-Freiflaechensegments_in_Deutschland_bis_2017.pdf, checked on 6/28/2014. Fachausschuss Nachhaltiges Energysystem 2050 (2010), “Eine Vision für ein nachhaltiges Energiekonzept auf Basis von Energieeffizienz und 100 % erneuerbaren Energien”, available at: http://www.fvee.de/fileadmin/politik/10.06.vision_fuer_nachhaltiges_energiekonzept.pdf (accessed 29 June 2014). FNR (2013): Cultivation of Renewable Materials in Germany. FNR Mediathek. [Online] Available at: http://mediathek.fnr.de/media/downloadable/files/samples/r/z/rz_fnr4_0252_grafik_nawaro_anbau_101013_eng.jpg [Accessed 26 06 2014] Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  15. 15. ITAS, Stockholm University15 Literature II Fraunhofer ISE (2014): Aktuelle Fakten zur Photovoltaik in Deutschland. Edited by Harry Wirth. Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg. Freiburg. Available online at http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/de/veroeffentlichungen/veroeffentlichungen-pdf-dateien/studien-und-konzeptpapiere/aktuelle-fakten- zur-photovoltaik-in-deutschland.pdf, updated on 5/28/2014, checked on 6/28/2014. Germer, J. et al., 2011. Skyfarming an ecological innovation to enhance global food security. Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, pp. 237-251. Grover, S. (2013). Solar double cropping takes off in Japan. Retrieved from http://www.treehugger.com/corporate- responsibility/solar-double-cropping-takes-japan.html Haase, M., 2012. Development of a GIS-based spatial model for the estimation of biomass potentials in different regions of NW Europe, Karlsruhe: Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, ITAS. Ho, M.-W. (2013). Japanese Farmers Producing Crops and Solar Energy Simultaneously. Retrieved from http://www.i- sis.org.uk/Japanese_Farmers_Producing_Crops_and_Solar_Energy.php Kappler, G., 2008. Systemanalytische Untersuchung zum Aufkommen und zur Bereitstellung von energetisch nutzbarem Reststroh und Waldrestholz in Baden-Württemberg. Eine auf das Karlsruher bioliq-Konzept ausgerichtete Standortanalyse, Karlsruhe: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Kazusatsumurai (2014): Solar Sharing Kazusatsumurai. Available online at http://kazusatsurumaisolar.jp/, updated on 2014, checked on 6/28/2014Kyocera (2014), KYOCERA und vier andere Unternehmen schließen Rahmenvertrag für Entwicklung eines 430-Megawatt-Solarkraftwerks ab. Marcheggiani, E., Gulinck, H., & Galli, A. (2013). Detection of Fast Landscape Changes : The Case of Solar Modules on Agricultural Land General Problem Setting : Fast Changes on Arable Lands, 315–327. Marrou, H., Guilioni, L., Dufour, L., Dupraz, C., & Wery, J. (2013). Microclimate under agrivoltaic systems: Is crop growth rate affected in the partial shade of solar panels ? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 177, 117–132. Movellan, J. (2013). Japan Next-Generation Farmers Cultivate Crops and Solar Energy. Renewable Energy World.com. Retrieved from http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2013/10/japan-next-generation-farmers-cultivate-agriculture-and- solar-energy Obergfell, T., 2012. Agrovoltaik - Landwirtschaft unter Photovoltaikanlagen, Kassel: Universität Kassel, Fraunhofer ISE. Proposal for ReNA, 2012. Research Network Agrophotovoltaic ReNA - Proposal Application, s.l.: s.n. Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016
  16. 16. ITAS, Stockholm University16 Literature III Roland Berger Strategy Consultants and Prognos AG (2010), “Wegweiser Solarwirtschaft: PV-Roadmap 2020. Wettbewerbsfähig, klimafreundlich, dezentral - Die Solarwirtschaft als eine bedeutende Säule einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung”, available at: http://www.sueddeutsches-institut.de/EE/wegweiser_sw_pvrm-lang.pdf (accessed 10 June 2014). Schindele, S., 2012. Agrovoltaik - Landwirtschaftliche Produktion unter PV-Freiflächenanlagen. Freiburg: Fraunhofer ISE. Schindele, S., Bopp, G., Essam, R., Goetzberger, A., Obergfell, T. and Reise, C. (2014), “Agrophotovoltaic (APV) – Agricultural Production Below Optimized Elevated Photovoltaic Systems”. Skarka, J., Rösch, C. & Posten, C., 2011. Microalgal biomass for biofuels in Europe - production potential with regard to land and CO2 availability. Posterpräsentation auf der 1st International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels & Bioproducts im Westin Hotel St. Louis. St. Louis, Missouri, USA, s.n. Statistisches Bundesamt, 2012. Nachhaltige Entwicklung in Deutschland. [Online] Available at: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/UmweltoekonomischeGesamtrechnungen/Umweltindikatoren/IndikatorenP DF_0230001.pdf?__blob=publicationFile Wacker, A. & Porsche, L., 2011. Alles im grünen Bereich? Bioenergie: Beitrag zu bundespolitischen Zielen und Anforderungen an die räumliche Entwicklung. Informationen zur Raumentwicklung Heft 5/6, pp. 265-277. Zoellner, J., Schweizer-Ries, P. and Wemheuer, C. (2008), “Public acceptance of renewable energies: Results from case studies in Germany”, Energy Policy, Vol. 36 No. 11, pp. 4136–4141. Daniel KetzerJune 7th, 2016

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