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Current developments in the Amazon
Dr. Mairon G. Bastos Lima
Postdoctoral Researcher
The role of land rights, transparency...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 2
Amazon under heightened threat
• PPCDAm (2004-) checkered the advance of
illegal logging, land grabbe...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 3
Amazon deforestation
and Brazil’s climate
policy
3/27/2019 Chalmers 4
Land rights: The battle ahead
• Indigenous peoples conserve most and
best in Latin America. (14% of B...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 5
Certification: How much of a help?
• Conscious consumer choice will lead us. Dominant
theory of chang...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 6
Zero-Deforestation Commitments (ZDCs)
• SDGs hoped to halt deforestation by 2020…
• NYDF (100+ actors...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 7
Zero-Deforestation Commitments (ZDCs)
• SDGs hoped to halt deforestation by 2020…
• NYDF (100+ actors...
3/27/2019 Chalmers 8
Supply Chain Transparency
3/27/2019 Chalmers 9
Final notes
• Transparency should lead to accountability,
but this is not an automatic process.
• Pol...
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Insights from current developments in the Amazon and the role of land-rights, transparency of value chains, certifications and Zero-deforestation initiatives.

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Mairon Bastos Lima, Postdoctoral Researcher with TRASE and Chalmers University of Technology and member of Focali

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Insights from current developments in the Amazon and the role of land-rights, transparency of value chains, certifications and Zero-deforestation initiatives.

  1. 1. Current developments in the Amazon Dr. Mairon G. Bastos Lima Postdoctoral Researcher The role of land rights, transparency of value chains, certifications and zero-deforestation initiatives
  2. 2. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 2 Amazon under heightened threat • PPCDAm (2004-) checkered the advance of illegal logging, land grabbers, and deforestation in the Amazon. Now being watered down. Laxest start since 1995. • FUNAI, the indigenous peoples’ agency, now absorbed by the Ministry of Agriculture. • Creation of a "conciliation council” to deliberate on environmental violations.
  3. 3. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 3 Amazon deforestation and Brazil’s climate policy
  4. 4. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 4 Land rights: The battle ahead • Indigenous peoples conserve most and best in Latin America. (14% of Brazil; 110Mha and 30% of the Amazon C-stocks.) • Constitutional Amendment Project (PEC) to open indigenous lands to commercial exploitation and, possibly, give individual land titles and alienation rights. • Upcoming lawfare.
  5. 5. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 5 Certification: How much of a help? • Conscious consumer choice will lead us. Dominant theory of change of the past 10-15 years. • Not enough demand, especially in the case of ”invisible” food commodities such as soy. Poor premium and upset suppliers. • Copycats in the arena. Plethora of (weaker) certification mechanisms in place. • The need to move beyond a niche-market approach. (RTRS-certified soy only 1%.)
  6. 6. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 6 Zero-Deforestation Commitments (ZDCs) • SDGs hoped to halt deforestation by 2020… • NYDF (100+ actors), by 2020 and then 2030. • Amsterdam Declarations not yet implemented. • Companies that have made ZDC are still exposed to the same deforestation-risk. • ”Imported deforestation” remains very high.
  7. 7. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 7 Zero-Deforestation Commitments (ZDCs) • SDGs hoped to halt deforestation by 2020… • NYDF (100+ actors), by 2020 and then 2030. • Amsterdam Declarations not yet implemented. • Companies that have made ZDC are still exposed to the same deforestation-risk. • ”Imported deforestation” remains very high.
  8. 8. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 8 Supply Chain Transparency
  9. 9. 3/27/2019 Chalmers 9 Final notes • Transparency should lead to accountability, but this is not an automatic process. • Policy and governance action still have to follow the commitments made. • Supply chain initiatives cannot forget that their sourcing takes place within a broader landscape (political, ecological, and socio-cultural landscape). Engage beyond the chain!

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