Feeding the world while holding the carbon in forests and soils


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Feeding the world while holding the carbon in forests and soils

  1. 1. ”Feeding the world while holding thecarbon in forests and soils”Peter Holmgren, Director-General CIFORStockholm 24 May 2013
  2. 2. Outline Is there a problem?• If so, what is it? Getting the priorities right• “Big 5” of sustainable development Land, labour and capital• Where are the limiting factors? A few words on evidence-based policies Conclusions
  3. 3. VisionCIFOR vision: Forests (and Landscapes) on the agenda – their values recognized Decisions that influence forests and people supportedby solid science and principles of good governance
  4. 4. How it started Founded in 1993 after Earth Summit inRio de Janeiro; 2013 is 20th Anniversary Founding sponsors were Australia,Sweden, Switzerland and the US Indonesia bid successfully to host CIFORheadquarters in Bogor
  5. 5. CGIAR Research Programmes CIFOR is one of the 15 international research organisations in the CGIAR. The world’s largest research consortium on agriculture, forestry and fisheries –2013 budget of USD 950 million CIFOR leads global programme on Forests, Trees & Agroforestry and contributesto Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
  6. 6. Is there a problem?If so, what is it?
  7. 7. Some observations Food security is only partly related to food production Climate change mitigation in land-based sectors is only partlyrelated to storing more carbon (or keeping it)- ..which means that we are, here, considering only parts of theFood Security and Climate change mitigation objectives Other significant parts of food security:- Poverty- Social protection- Function of markets and distribution- Awareness and knowledge sharing Other significant parts of climate change mitigation:- Resource use efficiency- Waste and losses
  8. 8. Getting the priorities right
  9. 9. What defines our focus and priorities? Post-2015 development agenda• Sustainable Development Goals• Poverty reduction Food security aspirations, with increasing focus on• Nutrition and health• Climate-smart agriculture and food systems Handling climate change mitigation and adaptation• Rural communities and land-based sectors Maintaining biological diversity Green growth with equity• Return on investments in a green economy
  10. 10. Forestry, agriculture and thebigger picture Politicalrelevance Positivecontributions Not onlyproblemsPovertyFood securityClimate changeBiodiversityGreen economyMDGWFSUNFCCCCBDRio+20Sustainable Development“Big 5”Forestry,Agriculture
  11. 11. Silos and fragmentationAgricultureForestryFisheriesCitiesPovertyBiodiversityFood securityClimate changeGreen economyMDGWFSUNFCCCCBDRio+20MDG1c MDG7a MDG7a MDG7dZerohungernil CCRF FCITnot yet REDD ? indirectAWP FWPtbd tbd tbd tbdMWP ? An approximate mapping ofmajor intergovernmental actionsand the land-based sectors Land-basedSectorsThe “Big 5”
  12. 12. Sustainable Landscape framework (proposed)- objectives and performance measures• tonnes ofCO2eqvemitted• tonnes ofproductsdelivered• tonnes ofbiomass inlandscape• $ earnedLivelihoodprovisionsSustainedecosystemservicesPollution,resourceefficiencyFood andnon-foodproducts• Landscapes are a large part ofsustainable development• Combined solutions needed• Strengthens role of sectors• Local stakeholders in chargeFramework needs to be:• Easy to understand• Applicable everywhere• Applicable on any scaleAll measures stable or improving= Sustainable Landscape
  13. 13. Global Landscape Forum Warsaw 16-17 November 2013, at UNFCCC COP-19 Joins Forest and Agriculture Day Wide support from all key partners
  14. 14. LandLabourCapital
  15. 15. Land,Labour,CapitalOn Labour
  16. 16. Climate changeFood and nutritionLivelihoods, income Green growthAgriculture, resilienceInvesting in Sustainable Landscapes for Green ReturnsBiodiversity
  17. 17. What do we need to make it work at scale? Understand basic objectives for sustainable landscapes• …and how to measure progress at reasonable cost Understand return opportunities from landscapes• …and the associated risks Commitment from public sector to implement rule of law• …and provide (initial) support to governance, riskmanagement and research Accept that farmers and producers are in charge• ..their priorities will lead to sustainable landscapes (or not) Finance that benefits large-scale investors as well assmall-scale producers• …taking all of the above into account
  18. 18. Perspectives Investor:• There is a lot of capital ready for good investmentpropositions that also contribute to sustainabledevelopment Farmers / Producers:• Access to long-term, affordable and reliable capital is amajor limiting factor for our enterprises Public sector:• Desrire to use public funds to steer investments togenerate public goods and sustainable development
  19. 19. Returns and Risk management
  20. 20. Affordable verification• tonnes ofCO2eqvemitted• tonnes ofproductsdelivered• tonnes ofbiomass inlandscape• $ earnedLivelihoodprovisionsSustainedecosystemservicesPollution,resourceefficiencyFood andnon-foodproductsMonitoring ofsustainabilityoutcomes ataggregated levels
  21. 21. We need to strengthen theScience - Policy link.We need Evidence-based policies.
  22. 22. Science does not provide the solutions…but without science, good solutions will not be found…BestscienceSociety’sneeds &preferencesExpertopinionEBPBeware ofexperts’ bias!
  23. 23. Evidence-based polices
  24. 24. No more issues.
  25. 25. Take home messages Food security is only partly about agriculture Land-based climate change mitigation is onlypartly about storing Carbon Sustainable Landscapes can be part of a newdevelopment narrative Our plans for the future must be evidence-based
  26. 26. So, can we both “feed” all and store C? Yes, provided• We support innovation and investment• We develop planning tools for transparent handling ofmultiple objectives• We entrust science and make appropriate use ofscience results• We spend public funds wisely as per above But remember• Food production and Carbon storage are only part ofthe picture
  27. 27. ReferencesSlide 7 Official World Bank and FAO statisticsCommittee on Food Security. 2011. Price volatility and food security, a report by thehigh-level panel of experts.Slide 24 Petrokofsky, G., P. Holmgren & N.D. Brown. 2011. Reliable forest carbon monitoring– systematic reviews as a tool for validating the knowledge base. InternationalForestry Review 13(1):56-66