China’s global land investmentsSIANI expert group1st meeting18 October 2011
Post-it questions1. Which agricultural commodities account forChina’s biggest import from Africa?2. What factors determine...
“Land-deals must be assessed in the light of theoften complex overall package they are a partof… the land-grab emphasised ...
China’s land-investments andagricultural engagement in Africa1. Drivers of China’s engagement2. The extent and type of Chi...
Preferential loans and grantsNon-interventionMutual benefitBusiness drivendevelopment model
Agriculture largely about aid• 1960-1980s:– Large, state-owned farms– Entirely Chinese operated, production for hostcountr...
Go global strategy• 1990s: more ‘business oriented’• Overseas engagement enable development athome and abroad• Integrate a...
Today, various types of Chineseengagement• Technical cooperation centres• 100s of small and medium scale farms• One millio...
The great Chinese global land grab“The Great Chinese land-grab is on.”(Asian Times, July 2010)“Fears of Chinese land grab ...
“Extensive farmland for soybean production in Brazil”(Financial Times)Chinese business man aquires 10,000 ha for riceprodu...
Dilemmas on many levels• Agricultural aid possible?• Can Chinese land-related activities beperceived as anything other tha...
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting
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China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting

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The first SIANI expert group meeting on China’s global land-investments was held at the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) in Stockholm, on 18 October 2011. This report provides a brief summary of the content of discussion and a brief re-cap of the purpose of the expert group. It is primarily intended to “re-fresh” the memory of those that participated, and to give an indication to those that could not participate of what topics were discussed.

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China’s global land investments SIANI expert group 1 st meeting

  1. 1. China’s global land investmentsSIANI expert group1st meeting18 October 2011
  2. 2. Post-it questions1. Which agricultural commodities account forChina’s biggest import from Africa?2. What factors determine China’s (agricultural)investments in African countries, andelsewhere?3. What’s the biggest threat/risk of China’sglobal land-investments?4. What’s the biggest opportunity of Chineseinvestments in Africa?
  3. 3. “Land-deals must be assessed in the light of theoften complex overall package they are a partof… the land-grab emphasised by some mediais only part of the equation.”Land grab or development opportunity? Agricultural investmentand international land deals in Africa,FAO 2009, p. 101
  4. 4. China’s land-investments andagricultural engagement in Africa1. Drivers of China’s engagement2. The extent and type of Chineseengagement in Africa3. Zooming in on agriculture
  5. 5. Preferential loans and grantsNon-interventionMutual benefitBusiness drivendevelopment model
  6. 6. Agriculture largely about aid• 1960-1980s:– Large, state-owned farms– Entirely Chinese operated, production for hostcountry• 1985: farms in 25 African countries• 35 world wide, 48,000 hectares of farmland.• But, competitiveness and difficulty of keeping large-state owned farm efficient forced change of strategy
  7. 7. Go global strategy• 1990s: more ‘business oriented’• Overseas engagement enable development athome and abroad• Integrate aid and Chinese enterprises– Chinese companies involved in leadership roles offormer aid projects.– Tools for Chinese business engagement in Africa
  8. 8. Today, various types of Chineseengagement• Technical cooperation centres• 100s of small and medium scale farms• One million Chinese agricultural workers onAfrican continent• Farms produce almost exclusively for localsales• Or, sell exclusive goods to international market
  9. 9. The great Chinese global land grab“The Great Chinese land-grab is on.”(Asian Times, July 2010)“Fears of Chinese land grab as Beijings billions buy upresources”(Independent, June 2009)”The food rush: Rising demand in China and west sparksAfrican land grab.”(Guardian, June 2008)
  10. 10. “Extensive farmland for soybean production in Brazil”(Financial Times)Chinese business man aquires 10,000 ha for riceproduction in Cameroon (TF1, French TV)Chinese government has invested extensively ininfrastructure in Mozambique to farm rice (Loro Horta,son of East Timor’s President)Blackgrain has invested “several hundred million USD” infarmland South of the Sahara (Chinese Economic Observer)
  11. 11. Dilemmas on many levels• Agricultural aid possible?• Can Chinese land-related activities beperceived as anything other than exploitative?• Is it under any circumstance OK to use foreignland as a tool for growth?

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