Constructivism

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Constructivism

  1. 1. Constructivism
  2. 2. What is constructivism?Constructivism is a theory about howpeople learn.learners construct their own understandingand knowledge of the world, throughexperiencing things and reflecting on thoseexperiences.
  3. 3. 1. How does learning occur?learning occurs when learners createtheir own knowledge (meaning) . Themeaning imposes by learners and culturesLearning occurs in realistic in which thelearning tasks are relevant to thestudent’s experience.
  4. 4. 2. Which factors influence learning?Learning environmentLearners’ engagementParticipationCulture
  5. 5. 3. What is the role of memory?It assembles prior knowledge with thenew context (experience).Memory creates cognitive tools whichreflect the wisdom of the culture in whichthey are used as well as the insights andexperiences of learners.
  6. 6. 4. How does transfer occur?The transfer occurs through theinvolvement in authentic tasks anchored inmeaningful contexts.
  7. 7. 5.What types of learning arebest explained by the theory?Authentic activities Class discussionsCooperative learningPeer tutoring
  8. 8. 6. What basic assumptions/principlesof this theory are relevant to languagelearning?An emphasis on the identification of the contextin which the skills will be learned and appliedAn emphasis on learner control and capability ofthe learner to manipulate information.The need of information to be presented in avariety of different waysSupporting the use of problem-solving skills thatallow learners to go beyond the informationAssessment focus on transfer of knowledge andskills
  9. 9. 7. How should instruction bestructured to facilitate languagelearning?To instruct the student on how to constructmeaning, monitor, evaluate and updateconstructions.To align and design experiences for learner sothat authentic, relevant, contexts can beexperiences.To encourage students to discover and exploreTeacher and learner should engage in an activedialogTo teach learners how to construct knowledge, topromote collaboration with others

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