QUOTE‘NEVER DISCUSS POLITICS AND RELIGION INPUBLIC’WHAT COMES IN YOUR MIND BY WORDPOLITICS???
ON BROADER LEVEL• POLITICS REFER TO POWER RELATIONS WHEREVER THEYEXIST, INCLUDING THOSE IN EVERY DAY LIFE
• WEBER’S CONCEPT‘ Power is the ability to get yourway even over the resistanceof others ‘• Every group is political as in every group there ispower struggle of some sort
MICRO POLITICSIt refers to exercise of power in everyday life
MACRO POLITICSIt refers to large scale power and on largescale e.g. governing a country is best example
LEGITIMATEPOWER• Power that people accepts asright also called authority• e.g. fine payed because ofbreaking traffic signalILLEGITIMATEPOWER• Power that people dontaccept as rightly exercisedover them also calledcoercion• e.g. robbery
Cont.....• State is a political entitythat claims a monopolyon violence over someterritory. If enoughpeople consider a state’spower illegitimate,REVOLUTION is possible• The more that its poweris seen as legitimate,then, the more stable agovernment is.
MAX WEBER’SKINDS OF AUTHORITIES• Traditional authority• Rational legal authority• Charismatic authority
TRADITIONAL AUTHORITY• Power is derived fromcustoms- patterns setdown in the past serve asrule for the present• Hell mark of tribes• Because ofIndustrialization, traditional authority could bechallenged• Traditional authority dieswith industrialization
RATIONAL-LEGALAUTHORITY• Power is based on lawand written procedures• Rational meansreasonable, and legalmeans part of law.• As broad as constitution• As narrow as pactbetween two people• Rational–legal authoritycomes from the positionthat someone holds, notfrom the person whoholds that position.
CHARISMATIC AUTHORITY• Power is derived fromloyalty to an individualto whom people areattracted• Charisma is a Greekword that means a giftfreely and graciouslygiven• charismatic leaderspose a threat to theestablished politicalorder.
• Charismatic authority has no rules of succession,• charismatic authority is built around a single individual• To avoid this, some charismatic leaders make arrangements foran orderly transition of power by appointing asuccessor..A second strategy isto build an organization. As the organizationdevelops rules or regulations, ittransforms itself into a rational–legal organization.Routinization of Charisma• Weber used this term as transition of authority from a charismaticleader to either traditional or rational–legal authority.
WAR AND TERRIORISM• War and terror are both meansof attempting to accomplishpolitical objectives‘War is merely acontinuation ofpolitics by othermeans’• CYNICS might say that war iscommon state of society• Timasheff identifies threeessentials conditions of war Andhis study could be applied onterrorism
TIMASHEFF3 CONDITIONS OF WARIn this two nations confront incompatible objectives e.g ifeach country want same resource or land e.g Kashmirissueleaders will consider only solution to deal withserious dispute as there ansestors had fought warsThat heats the antagonistic situation to a boilingpoint So that politicians cross the line fromthinking about war to avoid it
COST OF WAR‘DEHUMANIZATION’• People no longer see others as worthy ofhuman treatment.• This pave the way for torture and killing
TERRORISM• the use of violence or thethreat of violence toproduce fear in order toattain political objectives• REASONS areHatred and perceivedinjustice• SUISIDE TERRIORISMuse when opponent ismuch stronger
Who are terrorist??• no one among them have ever met terroristhow they look like???how they behave in society??• Sociologist Mark Sageman wondered aboutterrorist too and decided to study them hehad an advantage that he was in CIA. Hestudied 400 Alquida terrorist and their records
MARK SAGEMENSTEREOTYPES ABOUT SUICIDE TERRORIST• BACKGROUND OF POVERTY• QUITE PERSONALITIES• MOSTLY IGNORANT PEOPLE• LETS IMAGINEMAY BE WE HAVE SOME FUTURE TERRIORIST STUDYINGIN UNI AROUND US
RADICALIZATION• MORAL OUTRAGE• IDEOLOGY• SHARED OUTRAGE AND IDEOLOGY• GROUP DISCUSSIONS