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On line seminar_1-problem to be addressed


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On line seminar_1-problem to be addressed

  1. 1. Problems to be addressed
  2. 2. Hydropower as a renewable resource <ul><ul><ul><li>Hydropower is the most important renewable resource for electricity production in alpine areas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The following graphic shows the percentage allocation of electricity production from renewable resources in alpine countries: </li></ul></ul></ul>Italy Slovenia Switzerland France Germany Austria Hydroelectric Aeolian Geothermic TOTAL (GWh) Biomass Photovoltaic
  3. 3. Water abstraction increasing demand <ul><ul><ul><li>At the same time in the alpine regions there is an increasing demand for water abstraction. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The following graphic shows the trend of installed HP plants in Aosta Valley (N-W Italy) in the last century: </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>404 requests for new SHP plants potentially producing 300 MW in Piedmont Region (11/2009 update): 20% of new plants could produce almost 80% of gross potential production  spreading of SHP is a real benefit at a regional scale? How can we assess the regional sustainability of this trend? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Water abstraction increasing demand – an alpine region example % POTENTIAL GROSS PRODUCTION % NEW PLANT PROPOSAL
  5. 5. Hydropower production & Directive 2009/28/CE <ul><ul><ul><li>EU countries must increase their share of renewable energy production according to Directive 2009/28/EC: obligatory targets have been set for 2020, for the EU as a whole and for each Member State, leading to a specific objective of energy consumption coming from renewable energy sources. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National overall renewable energy targets : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Austria 34% of total energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France 23% of total energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany 18% of total energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Italy 17% of total energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slovenia 25% of total energy consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) <ul><ul><ul><li>The Water Framework Directive obliges member States that water bodies reach or maintain a &quot;good&quot; ecological status, intrinsically limiting hydropower exploitation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Member States shall implement the necessary measures to prevent deterioration of the status of all bodies of surface water” [WFD Art.4, Par.1 com.I] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Member States shall protect, enhance and restore all bodies of surface water […] with the aim of achieving good surface water status at the latest 15 years after the date of entry into force of this Directive” [WFD Art.4, Par.1 com.II] </li></ul></ul></ul>page Graz - Austria, 9th April 2010
  7. 7. Administrator water management <ul><ul><ul><li>Administrators face daily an increasing demand for water abstraction but lack reliable tools to rigorously evaluate its effects on mountain rivers and the social and economic outputs over longer time scales. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HOW CAN ADMINISTRATORS APPLY THE “ RENEWABLE ENERGY DIRECTIVE AND THE “ WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE ” AT THE SAME TIME ? </li></ul></ul></ul>page Graz - Austria, 9th April 2010