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Renewable Energy in India:
Status and Future Prospects
By:
Shamshad Ahamad
Reg. No-14307007
Center For Green Energy Technology,
Pondicherry University,Pondicherry
Renewable Energy is Green , Clean a
Sustainable
Contents:-
Energy in India: An Overview
Indian Power Sector
Why Renewable Energy for India?
Installed Capacity from Renewable Energy
India – An Attractive Renewable Energy Market
Indian Wind Energy Sector Overview
Indian Solar Energy Sector Overview
Indian Hydro Power Sector Overview
Conclusion
•Current Population of India in (1.27 billion) As of March 1, 2015
•India consumes 3.7% of the world’s commercial energy making it the 4th largest
consumer of energy globally.
•All India Generating Installed Capacity (As on 28-02-2014 ) is 237742.94 MW
•Per capita electricity consumption: 600 kWhr per year.
•Coal reserves in India is one of the largest in the world . As on April 1, 2012, India
had 293.5 billion metric tons (323.5 billion short tons) of the resource
•India had about 125 Million metric tonne of proven oil reserves as April 2010 or
5.62 billion barrels as per EIA estimate for 2009.
•As per the Ministry of petroleum, Government of India, India has 1,437 billion
cubic metres (50.7×1012 cu ft) of confirmed natural gas reserves as of April 2010.
Energy in India: An
Overview
All India Generating Installed Capacity
(237742.94 MW ) (As on 28-02-2014 )
Coal
Gas
Diesel
Nuclear
Hydro
Renewable En
21,381.85MW
1,199.75MW
4,780.00MW
40,195.40MW
29,462.55 MW
Rapid economic development & Increasing population = High
demand for Energy
A sustained 8% GDP growth of India requires an annual increase
of:
a) Commercial energy supply from 3.7% to 6.1%
b) Total primary energy supply from 2.2% to 5.1%
Limited supply of COAL, coupled with its poor quality, low level of
technologies advancements and high environmental hazards.
Limited domestic reserves and uncertain foreign supply of
hydrocarbons
Why Renewable Energy for India?
Power shortage
Rising Prices of Oils & Gases
Ecological Hazards
Ample resources and sites available
Abundant sunshine
Plentiful sites for harnessing Wind Energy and Small
Hydro Energy
Government incentive
Increased financing options
Ad

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Renewable energy in india

  • 1. Renewable Energy in India: Status and Future Prospects By: Shamshad Ahamad Reg. No-14307007 Center For Green Energy Technology, Pondicherry University,Pondicherry Renewable Energy is Green , Clean a Sustainable
  • 2. Contents:- Energy in India: An Overview Indian Power Sector Why Renewable Energy for India? Installed Capacity from Renewable Energy India – An Attractive Renewable Energy Market Indian Wind Energy Sector Overview Indian Solar Energy Sector Overview Indian Hydro Power Sector Overview Conclusion
  • 3. •Current Population of India in (1.27 billion) As of March 1, 2015 •India consumes 3.7% of the world’s commercial energy making it the 4th largest consumer of energy globally. •All India Generating Installed Capacity (As on 28-02-2014 ) is 237742.94 MW •Per capita electricity consumption: 600 kWhr per year. •Coal reserves in India is one of the largest in the world . As on April 1, 2012, India had 293.5 billion metric tons (323.5 billion short tons) of the resource •India had about 125 Million metric tonne of proven oil reserves as April 2010 or 5.62 billion barrels as per EIA estimate for 2009. •As per the Ministry of petroleum, Government of India, India has 1,437 billion cubic metres (50.7×1012 cu ft) of confirmed natural gas reserves as of April 2010. Energy in India: An Overview
  • 4. All India Generating Installed Capacity (237742.94 MW ) (As on 28-02-2014 ) Coal Gas Diesel Nuclear Hydro Renewable En 21,381.85MW 1,199.75MW 4,780.00MW 40,195.40MW 29,462.55 MW
  • 5. Rapid economic development & Increasing population = High demand for Energy A sustained 8% GDP growth of India requires an annual increase of: a) Commercial energy supply from 3.7% to 6.1% b) Total primary energy supply from 2.2% to 5.1% Limited supply of COAL, coupled with its poor quality, low level of technologies advancements and high environmental hazards. Limited domestic reserves and uncertain foreign supply of hydrocarbons
  • 6. Why Renewable Energy for India? Power shortage Rising Prices of Oils & Gases Ecological Hazards Ample resources and sites available Abundant sunshine Plentiful sites for harnessing Wind Energy and Small Hydro Energy Government incentive Increased financing options
  • 7. Installed Capacity from Renewable Energy (33,791.74 Mw)The installed capacity of renewable energy has touched 33,791.74 Mw or 12.95% of the total potential available in the country, as on Dec 31, 2014. With this, the renewable energy, including large hydro electricity, constitutes 28.8% of the overall installed capacity in India. The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India has set a target of achieving overall renewable energy installed capacity of 41,400 Mw by 2017. India has the world's fifth-largest electricity generation capacity, which currently stands at 243 Gw. Renewable energy in India comes under the purview of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. India was the first country in the world to set up a ministry of non-conventional energy resources, in early 1980s
  • 8. Wind small Hydro Biomass Solar Bagasse Cogeneration Waste to Power Installed Capacity from Renewable Energy (33,791.74 Mw) 66.48% 9.06% 11.81% 4.04% 8.28% 0.30%
  • 9. Total Renewable Energy Installed Capacity (31 Dec 2014) Source Total installed Capacity (MW) Wind Power 22,465.03 Solar Power (SPV) 3,062.68 Small Hydro Power 3,990.83 Biomass Power 1,365.20 Bagasse Cogeneration 2,800.35 Waste to Power 107.58 Total 33,791.74
  • 10. Avoid the high costs involved in transmission capex. Avoid distribution losses – Technical & otherwise Avoid recurring fuel cost Boost the rural economy Encourage self help groups & self dependence Enable village co-operatives to supply and / or monitor distribution Make available much needed energy for basic needs at the doorstep at affordable prices. Benefits of Renewable Energy
  • 11. India – An Attractive Renewable Energy Market India has a large potential for energy generation by utilization of renewable energy source The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India has set a target of achieving overall renewable energy installed capacity of 41,400 Mw by 2017. This creates an opportunity worth $10.51 billion for the renewable market in India till 2017.
  • 13. Indian Wind Energy Sector OverviewWind energy is the largest renewable energy source in India. 5th largest producers of wind energy in the world. As of 31 March 2014 the installed capacity of wind power in India was 21136.3 MW. At the same time, it would save 131 million tons of CO2 every year. By 2030, the installed capacity could reach as much as 191 GW. •Tamil Nadu = 7162.18 MW • Maharashtra = 3021.85 MW •Gujarat = 3174.58 MW •Karnataka = 2135.50 MW • Rajasthan = 2684.65 MW •Madhya Pradesh = 386.00 MW •Andhra Pradesh = 447.65 MW •Kerala = 35.10 MW •West Bengal = 1.10 MW •other states = 3.20 MW
  • 14. Trend of wind power installed capacity
  • 15. Largest wind farms in India Wind Farm Producer State Current Capacity(MW) Muppandal windfarm Muppandal Wind Tamil Nadu 1500 Jaisalmer Wind Park Suzlon Energy Rajasthan 1275 Brahmanvel windfarm Parakh Agro Industries Maharashtra 528 Dhalgaon windfarm Gadre Marine Exports Maharashtra 278 Chakala windfarm Suzlon Energy Maharashtra 217 Vankusawade Wind Park Suzlon Energy Maharashtra 189
  • 16. Indian Solar Energy Sector Overview India is densely populated and has high solar insolation, an ideal combination for using solar power in India. one of the first applications of solar power has been for water pumping, to begin replacing India's four to five million diesel powered water pumps, each consuming about 3.5 kilowatts, and off-grid lighting. Some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000 km² area of the Thar Desert (Rajasthan) has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 to 2,100 GW. The daily average solar energy incident over India varies from 4 to 7 kWh/m2 with about 1,500–2,000 sunshine hours per year (depending upon location). Total installed capacity 3,062.68MW 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022.
  • 17. Installed PV capacity (MW) Year end Total capacity Yearly installation 2010 161 2011 461 300 2012 1,205 744 2013 2,319 1,114 March ,2014 2,632 313
  • 19. India's largest photovoltaic(PV) power plants Name Of Plant DC peak Power (MW) Charanka Solar Park– Charanka, Gujarat 214 Welspun Energy, Neemuch Solar Project – Neemuch, Madhya Pradesh 151 Welspun Energy Rajasthan Solar Project – Phalodhi, Rajasthan 50 Adani Power, Bitta,Gujarat 40 Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited – Banaskantha, Gujarat 30
  • 20. Indian Solar Energy Market Overview In India, there is about 1.4 GW of module manufacturing capacity and this is expected to increase in the future. India is now 7th worldwide in Solar PV Cell production Generation capacities expected to pick up with generation linked subsidy announced by government. Prices for solar modules have declined by almost 80% since 2008. Low operating costs Capital subsidy (20/25%) by government for large semi-conductor based units (for large investments above certain limits).
  • 22. The government has created a liberal environment for foreign investment in renewable energy projects. The establishment of a dedicated financial institution – the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA), makes for renewed impetus on the promotion, development and extension of financial assistance for renewable energy and energy efficiency/conservation projects. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 100% is permitted under the automatic route for renewable energy generation and distribution projects subject to provisions of The Electricity Act, 2003.
  • 23. Demand for Solar PV Modules by Year (GW) Year Capacity (GW) 2010 13.6 2011 20.2 2012 23.8 2013 33 2014 45.3 2017 85 2020 200
  • 24. Indian Hydro Power Sector OverviewThe first hydro-electric power station in India was established in Karnataka at "shiva- samudram. India ranks sixth in hydro electricity generation globally after China, Canada Brazil, USA and Russia in the year 2013. The installed capacity of hydro power is 40,730 MW as of June, 2014. Potential to provide energy in remote and hilly areas where extension of an electrical transmission grid system is uneconomical Till now, 14 States have announced policies for setting up commercial SHP projects. The public sector has a predominant share of 97% in this sector.[3] National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC), Northeast Electric Power Company (NEEPCO), Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVNL),THDC, NTPC-Hydro are a few public sector companies engaged in development of Hydroelectric Power in India.
  • 25. KEY POSITIVE Proven Technology Low O&M Costs High energy conversion efficiency (70%) FUTURE POTENTIAL Small hydro potential is expected close to 15 GW. MNRE has introduced subsidy schemes for SHPs up to 25 MW. Well-established manufacturing base for full range and type of small hydro equipments.
  • 26. Hydro power plants in India
  • 27. Project Capacity (MW) Tehri Dam ,Uttarakhand 2400 Srisailam Dam ,Andhra Pradesh 1670 Nagarjunasagar ,Andhra Pradesh 965 Sardar Sarovar, Gujarat 1450 Nathpa Jhakri ,Himachal Pradesh 1500 Bhakra Dam ,Punjab 1325 Dehar ,Himachal Pradesh 990 Salal ,Jammu & Kashmir 690 Uri Hydroelectric Dam, Jammu & Kashmir 480 Sharavathi ,Karnataka 1469 Kalinadi ,Karnataka 1240 Indira Sagar ,Madhya Pradesh 1000 Koyna, Maharashtra 1920 Idukki, Kerala 780 List of Major Hydroelectric Projects in India
  • 28. Financial support by Government KEY PROVISIONS IN BUDGET 2O14-15: Allocation of INR 5 Billion towards the proposed ultra-mega solar power projects in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Ladakh in J&K. Excise duty is being reduced from 12% to NIL on forged steel rings used in the manufacture of bearings of wind-operated electricity generators. Full exemption from excise duty is being provided for solar tempered glass used in the manufacture of solar photovoltaic cells/modules, solar power generating equipment/system and flat plate solar collectors. Full exemption from excise duty is being provided to back sheet and EVA sheet used in the manufacture of photovoltaic cells/modules and specified raw materials used in their manufacture.
  • 29. Full exemption from excise duty is being provided on flat copper wire used in the manufacture of PV ribbons (timed copper interconnect) for use in the manufacture of solar cells/modules Full exemption from excise duty is being provided on machinery, equipment etc. required for the setting up of compressed biogas plants (Bio-CNG). Basic customs duty is being reduced from 10% to 5% on forged steel rings used in the manufacture of bearings of wind-operated electricity generators. Basic customs duty on machinery, equipments etc. required for the setting up of solar energy production projects is being reduced to 5%. Continued…..
  • 30. INCENTIVES OFFERED BY THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOLAR ENERGY SECTOR INCLUDE: Exemption from excise duties and concession on import duties on components and equipment required to set up a solar plant. A 10-year tax holiday for solar power projects. Wheeling, banking and third party sales, buyback facility by states. Guaranteed market through solar power purchase obligation for states. GBI schemes for small solar projects connected to a grid below 33KV. Reduced wheeling charges as compared to those for conventional energy. Special incentives for exports from India in renewable energy technology under renewable sector-specific SEZ. A payment security mechanism to cover the risk of default by state utilities/discoms. A subsidy of 30% of the project cost for off-grid PV and solar thermal projects. Loans at concessional rates for off-grid applications.
  • 31. FISCAL INCENTIVES FOR BIOMASS POWER PROJECTS: Accelerated depreciation: a claim of 80% depreciation in the first year for certain specific equipment. A 10-year income tax holiday. Concessional customs duty and excise duty exemption for machinery and components during the setting up of the project. An exemption of sales tax in certain states. Financial assistance from IREDA for the setting up of biomass power and bagasse co-generation projects.
  • 32. FISCAL INCENTIVES FOR SMALL HYDRO POWER PROJECTS: Preferential tariffs. Central financial assistance to the state government and the private sector for the setting up of small/mini hydro projects. A subsidy to upgrade watermills and thereby improve their efficiency. Custom duty concessions. A 10-year tax holiday.
  • 33. Conclusion:- Renewable Energy is An alternate way to get energy that will help to make a clean and developed India. The geographical condition of India also helps to Improve the use of Renewable Energy Resources. Different policies implemented by Government to extract more and more Energy from Renewable energy source. The installed capacity of renewable energy has touched 33,791.74 Mw as on Dec 31st 2014. i.e. 12.95% of the total potential available in the country. By 2050, about 69% of the electricity produced in India will come from renewable energy sources.
  • 35. Thankyou !!!!!!! Renewable Energy is Green , Clean and Sustainable

Editor's Notes

  1. The demand for power has been growing at a rapid rate and overtaken the supply, leading to power shortages in spite of manifold growth in power generation over the years
  2. Energy minister –Piyush Goyel
  3.  Clean Energy Limited – Banaskantha, Gujarat
  4. THDC –tehri hydro development co.