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Exposec DefenseWorld 2019 - Athanassios G. Platias

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Athanassios G. Platias, Professor of Strategy, University of Piraeus

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Exposec DefenseWorld 2019 - Athanassios G. Platias

  1. 1. Geopolitics & Grand Strategy in the 21st Century Athanasios Platias Professor of Strategy Department of International & European Studies May 2019
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  6. 6. 6 Distribution of power in the international system: Unipolarity US primacy in four easy to remember numbers showing share of  world population: 5%  world GDP: 25%  world military expenditures: 50%  world GDP and military expenditures with allies: 75%
  7. 7. 7 Additional US strategic advantages  Hegemony on the cheap: only 3,5% of GDP for defense (7% Cold War, 42% WWII)  Geography: surrounded two friends and two oceans  Economic sufficiently  Energy dominance, energy exporter  Control of the sea (95%) and the global commons  Share of world innovation:35%  Primacy in Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning  Leading education: 16 out of top 20 universities  Political and social resilience  Alliance dynamics: bandwagoning  Control of foreign currency reserves: 64%  Good long term demographics: stable median age  Global military presence (600 bases) and formidable power projection
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  10. 10. 10 US grand strategy matrix Deep Soft Engangement Liberal hegemony Selective engagement Disengagement Isolation Restraint/Offshore balancing
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  19. 19. 19 Sources of instability Drivers of change:  Power shifts  Demographic shifts  Disruptive innovation Geoeconomic rivalry Geopolitical antagonism Regional conflicts Failed states Proliferation of WMD Resource conflicts

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