NUCLEAR and RENEWABLES        in Polish energy mix           Maciej ChorowskiWroclaw University of Technology, Poland     ...
Content• Polish Power Generation system• Optimal „Energy Mix” for Poland  – Nuclear Power Generation  – Renewables Sources...
Poland in Europe                         COAL                   Ca 40 milion inhabitants                   Ca 80 milion to...
Installed Electrical Power in Poland (2012)                    Power plant              El. power    % of power    Total I...
Power Plants                                             Co-generation plants                               YearsTaking in...
Optimal target„energy mix” for Poland - 2030Poland will stay with the coal as a primary energy source. As a matter offact ...
NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION in         POLAND?OFTEN RAISED PROBLEMS:1. Nuclear energy is not safe, we should not expose   Pol...
Is Poland free from Nuclear Power Plants?There is no Nuclear PowerPlant in Poland.Nevertheless Poland issurrounded by nucl...
Installed Power and Generated Energy in   Wind Turbines (Germany)                   Source: Bundesministerium fur         ...
GAS – RENEWABLES SYNERGYWind turbines rarely contribute to the system at thepeak demands. The net stable operation is jeop...
Nord Stream – is it a way to stabilize powergeneration and transmission system in Europe ? Wind turbines can be stabilized...
8 November 2011                                         Unconventional shale gas may                                      ...
Conclusions  Poland should commission about 2000 MW per year in  the forthcoming 20-25 years. This results from the  energ...
WHY POLAND IS DIFFERENT?                                                             New Power Plants                     ...
We should be prepared that Polish power policy refusingdeep decarbonization may (and most probably will) becriticized by:•...
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NUCLEAR and RENEWABLES in Polish energy mix

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Intervenant: Maciej chorowski
thèmes: Polish Power Generation system, Optimal „Energy Mix” for Poland
Présentation lors d’une table ronde sur les perspectives de plusieurs pays à la convention SFEN du 4 avril 2013. Retrouvez la vidéo de la conférence à la fin de la présentation ou sur youtube.
http://youtu.be/cYHsgsRGTGM

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NUCLEAR and RENEWABLES in Polish energy mix

  1. 1. NUCLEAR and RENEWABLES in Polish energy mix Maciej ChorowskiWroclaw University of Technology, Poland Nucléaire et Renouvelables dans la transition énergétique Paris, 03 April 2013
  2. 2. Content• Polish Power Generation system• Optimal „Energy Mix” for Poland – Nuclear Power Generation – Renewables Sources of Energy• Conclusions and why Poland is different
  3. 3. Poland in Europe COAL Ca 40 milion inhabitants Ca 80 milion tons coal/y
  4. 4. Installed Electrical Power in Poland (2012) Power plant El. power % of power Total Installed Power 34 000 MW 100 Power plants using black coal 16 000 MW 47 Power plants using lignite COAL 9 000 MW 26 86% Co-generation plants using coal Co- 4 500 MW 13 Co-generation plants using gas Co- 1 000 MW 3 Hydro Power Plants 1 000 MW 3 Wind Power Plants RENEW 2 000 MW 6 11% Biomass and Biogas Power Plants 500 MW 2The biggest Power Generation Companiescoal – 86%, gas – 3%, The today „energy mix”: in Polandrenewables -EDF, VATTENFALL PGE, PKE, ZE PAK, 11% , nuclear – 0%Wrocław Meeting – 1 December 2009
  5. 5. Power Plants Co-generation plants YearsTaking into account the age of Polish power plants and GNP growth,a minimum yearly level of new investments in power generation canbe estimated as of about 2 GW, not mentioning the derogations
  6. 6. Optimal target„energy mix” for Poland - 2030Poland will stay with the coal as a primary energy source. As a matter offact there is no realistic alternative.The optimal energy mix for Poland:Coal (black and lignite) – 50%, 11 GW of new investmentsNatural gas – 15%, 10 GW of new investmentsNuclear – 15 %, 10 GW of new investmentsRenewables – 20 %. 14 GW of new investments Having in mind the scale of required new investments in Poland, the creation of optimal energy mix can be realized within the growth of the power sector. There is no need to antagonize different power generation technologies, like: Nuclear against Renevables, Nuclear against Natural Gas (including Shale Gas).
  7. 7. NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION in POLAND?OFTEN RAISED PROBLEMS:1. Nuclear energy is not safe, we should not expose Poland for additional risk.2. Nuclear power generation plant is too expensive3. Nuclear Power Generation is not to be considered together with shale gas exploitation (financially). Wrocław Meeting – 1 December 2009
  8. 8. Is Poland free from Nuclear Power Plants?There is no Nuclear PowerPlant in Poland.Nevertheless Poland issurrounded by nuclearreactors. At the distance notexceeding 310 km, there are10 Nuclear Power plants (25reactors) of a total power ofabout 17 GW.Poland is than exposedto the consequences ofNuclear Power Plantsfailures,but is not profiting fromthe technology. Courtesy: State Atomic Agency
  9. 9. Installed Power and Generated Energy in Wind Turbines (Germany) Source: Bundesministerium fur Umwelt In 2010: Installed Power 27 240 MW Energy delivered 36 500 GWh Availibility 15,3 % 1 200 USD/kW 8 000 USD/kW Taking into Account the AvailibilityTaking into account the availability of nuclear and renewable energysources both the investment and exploitation costs (including gridupgrade) may be similar, if not in favor for nuclear.
  10. 10. GAS – RENEWABLES SYNERGYWind turbines rarely contribute to the system at thepeak demands. The net stable operation is jeopardized. The system can be stabilized by combining wind turbines with gas turbines (similar dynamics) ~ 1W 0.5 – 1.0 WIn the proposed energy mix renewables and gas power plants are combined
  11. 11. Nord Stream – is it a way to stabilize powergeneration and transmission system in Europe ? Wind turbines can be stabilized with gas turbines. A total available electrical power may even double. Then nuclear power plants are the first to pay the price – by shutdown.
  12. 12. 8 November 2011 Unconventional shale gas may create an option for the dependence on Russian natural gas supplied by pipelines(From left to right, first row) FrenchPrime Minister Francois Fillon;German Chancellor Angela Merkel;Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte;Russian President Dmitry Medvedev;and European Union EnergyCommissioner Guenther Oettingerturn a wheel to symbolically start theflow of gas through Line 1 of the NordStream twin pipeline system.
  13. 13. Conclusions Poland should commission about 2000 MW per year in the forthcoming 20-25 years. This results from the energy consumption prognosis and present state of Polish power sector. The present energy mix (90 % coal) should be changed. New investments will be done in coal (still dominant), nuclear (?), gas (shale?), and renewable technologies. The exemplary target energy mix should be: Coal (black and lignite) – 50%, Natural gas – 15%, Nuclear – 15 %, Renewables – 20 %.
  14. 14. WHY POLAND IS DIFFERENT? New Power Plants in Europe in 2012 Total 44.6 MW 16,7 GW – photovoltaics - 47% Poland, resting with a coal dominated energy mix, may be criticized and subject to ostracismThe European Wind energy association, Eurostat, 2013
  15. 15. We should be prepared that Polish power policy refusingdeep decarbonization may (and most probably will) becriticized by:• Germany – interested in export of renewables technologies and trying to stabilize the system with flexible gas power plants (also in Poland).• France – interested in decarbonization as a pressure for nuclear power plants (EPR reactors). France is not sensitive to CO2 emission problems.• Graet Britain, ETS trade is giving the City prospects for future incomes.• Other countries, because having a different energy mix they are not subjected to analogous costs and may gain more for supporting the climate policy.

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