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Sesar General presentation


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A general presentation on SESAR (Nov 2011)

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Sesar General presentation

  1. 2. GENERAL PRESENTATION Speaker – Title Place - Datum
  2. 3. THIS PRESENTATION IS ABOUT <ul><li>Role of ATM </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Single European Sky </li></ul><ul><li>Public-Private Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>International Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Programme Management </li></ul><ul><li>Sesar & Environment </li></ul>Page Page
  4. 5. Air Traffic Management is a set of services aiming primarily at ensuring the safety of the flights Page
  5. 6. Those services are provided by various ATM systems (people, process, technology) that separate aircraft, prevent collisions, organise and expedite the flows of traffic, and provide information. Communication Separation Management Navigation Collision avoidance Routing Sequencing and merging Surveillance Information Management Guidance Page
  6. 7. In Europe those services are provided by more than 30 Providers, employing about 20000 controllers in 80 Control Centers, on 500 Airports, and managing daily 30000 flights Communication Separation Management Navigation Collision avoidance Routing Sequencing and merging Surveillance Information Management Guidance Page
  7. 8. In Europe those services are provided by more than 30 Providers, employing about 20000 controllers in 80 Control Centers, on 500 Airports, and managing daily 30000 flights Communication Separation Management Navigation Collision avoidance Routing Sequencing and merging Surveillance Information Management Guidance In the US those services are provided by 1 Provider, employing about 14000 controllers in 18 Control Centers, on 250 Airports, and managing daily 60000 flights Page
  8. 9. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT - AIRBORNE <ul><li>Cockpit 70s (B747) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 Pilots & Navigation crew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogic display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical aircraft steering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VHF Radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autopilot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Pilots crew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital & Head-Up Displays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fly by Wire & Single Cockpit Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite communication and data link </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collision detection and avoidance systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Management System </li></ul></ul>Cockpit Today (A380)
  9. 10. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT - GROUND <ul><li>ATC Position 70s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Air Traffic Controllers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogic display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper strips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VHF Radio Clearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National radar feed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Air Traffic Controllers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper or electronic strips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VHF Radio Clearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National radar feed </li></ul></ul>ATC Position Today
  10. 11. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT <ul><ul><li>Main characteristics: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1970s Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Fragmentation, poor interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rather low level of automation </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. THE “DO NOTHING” SCENARIO Negative impact on SAFETY Page 11% airlines demand will not be accommodated Flights cancellation & missed connection CO 2 emission increase Jeopardising the Airlines productivity gains
  14. 15. SOCIETAL NEEDS SAFETY: Improvements linked to growth “ No trade-off with Safety, no accident” ENVIRONMENT: Growth must be green “ Air transport’s contribution to 3% of CO2 emissions” CAPACITY: Air Traffic to double by 2030 “ The right to fly in modern societies” “ Air transport contributes to 2-3% of the GDP” ECONOMICS: Cost reduction “ ATM costs represent 8-10% of airlines direct operating costs” “ The cost of ATM per flight remains steady while traffic increases” “ Close to 70% of Service Provider costs is manpower” Page
  15. 16. THE PROBLEM STATEMENT <ul><li>Traffic growth cannot be sustained through the current fragmented air navigation services organisation and ageing ATM technologies </li></ul>A new Air Traffic Management System is required, for the benefit of the European Society But none of the Air Transport actors can change things by himself! Page
  16. 17. The European answer: SINGLE EUROPEAN SKY Page
  17. 18. REFORM OF THE EUROPEAN SKY <ul><li>2.1 bio€ </li></ul><ul><li>15 members </li></ul><ul><li>13 associate partners = 110 companies in total </li></ul><ul><li>Present in 27 countries </li></ul><ul><li>2.000 people working on SESAR </li></ul><ul><li>300 projects </li></ul>FOUNDING MEMBERS Page THE SOLUTION =
  18. 19. SESAR IS ORGANISED IN THREE PHASES <ul><ul><li>Definition phase </li></ul></ul>2006-2008 2008-2014 <ul><ul><li>Deployment phase </li></ul></ul>2015-2025 Development phase Managed by the SESAR Joint Undertaking <ul><li>Budget: € 2.1 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Public-Private Partnership : a première </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation from private sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public financial stability & enforcement power </li></ul></ul>Created by the European Union Council Reg. N°219/2007 Page EUROPEAN COMMISSION EUROCONTROL THE INDUSTRY = public-private partnership 700 mio€ 700 mio€ 700 mio€ 2 founding members 3 rd ‘founding’ member
  19. 20. THE AMBITIOUS SESAR GOALS Performance Based approach meeting Society’s Goals Goals of the SESAR Programme Page Save 8 to 14 minutes, 300 to 500 kg of fuel and 945 to 1575 kg of CO 2 on average per flight Enabling EU skies to handle 3 times more traffic Improving safety by a factor of 10 Reducing the environmental impact per flight by 10% Cutting ATM costs by 50%
  21. 22. UNIQUE PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP Page Members New associate partners since July 2010
  22. 23. SJU INVOLVES ALL ACTORS <ul><li>A Multi-Stakeholders approach at the heart of our way of working </li></ul>Page Airports Ground Industry Airborne Industry National Authorities/ Military R&D community Staff associations Air Navigation Service Providers Airspace users
  23. 24. OPERATIONAL EXPERTISE <ul><li>Airspace users: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major airlines, Business & General Aviation, Associations (IAOPA, IATA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military airspace user, regulator and service provider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staff associations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise sought regarding issues such as: Safety, Security, Human Factor aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>R&D community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academia & Research Establishments forming networks of excellence </li></ul></ul>Page
  24. 25. Page Regional Cargo Major/Hub GA/BA Leisure Low Cost
  26. 27. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Page <ul><li>Full cooperation with FAA in place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. AIRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MoC EU-US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussions with other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. India, Brazil, Japan, China, Mexico, Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to build an industrial & institutional partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. US companies in SESAR </li></ul></ul>Need to be pragmatic
  27. 28. GLOBAL COOPERATION & INTEROPERABILITY <ul><li>Standards built on SESAR and NextGen developments will support harmonised Implementation and Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Programme level coordination enhanced by interoperability and wider industry buy-in. </li></ul>EC/FAA Coordination EUROCAE RTCA etc. NextGen SESAR ICAO Page
  29. 30. OUR VISION “ By 2012 we have created the change in European ATM that demonstrates our ability to deliver benefits to the Air Transport community” Page
  30. 31. A PROGRAMME ORGANISED AROUND FLIGHT PHASES <ul><li>More than 300 Projects managed by Members (WP, projects...) </li></ul><ul><li>Average project: 4-6 SJU Members, Duration 4 years, Budget 7M€, Dependencies with 5 other projects </li></ul><ul><li>85% of the programme is launched </li></ul>SWIM WP 8&14 TMA WP5&10 CONOPS & ARCHITECTURE WP B Aircraft & CNS WP 9&15 En-Route WP 4&10 VALIDATION INFRASTRUCTURE WP3 ToD ToC Airport WP 6&12 Airport WP 6&12 Network WP 7&13 TMA WP5&10 METHODES & CASES WP 16 Airlines/Mil. Operations Centers WP 11 Airlines/Mil. Operations Centers WP 11 MASTER PLAN MAINTENANCE WP C Page
  32. 33. 3 FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES THE 4D TRAJECTORY PRINCIPLE Building railway precision in the sky THE SYSTEM WIDE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT The Intranet for Air Traffic Management AUTOMATION Human operators concentrate on high value-added tasks  Page
  33. 34. DELIVERY APPROACH Page R&D PROJECTS MASTER PLAN PROGRAMME <ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype </li></ul><ul><li>Validation </li></ul><ul><li>SC, BC … </li></ul><ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype </li></ul><ul><li>Validation </li></ul><ul><li>SC, BC… </li></ul>1. Definition 2. Preparation 3. Validation STEP 1 STEP 2
  34. 35. HIGH LEVEL 2011 RELEASE CONTENT (under work) 2012 Objectives Initial 4D Trajectory is validated 5,000 flights, including 500 military, are SESAR labeled 80% of SESAR projects have tested their output in a real life environment First SWIM pilots are in place to exchange data across at least 5 domains First remote tower ready for operations SESAR benefits are demonstrated on city pairs connecting 8 European airports Page 2012 2013 <ul><li>GBAS </li></ul><ul><li>Time Based Spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Safety Nets </li></ul><ul><li>i4D and Flight Object </li></ul><ul><li>MSP, PC/TC coordination </li></ul><ul><li>STCA TMA & ACAS Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>En-route arrival mgt </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple airport arrival mgt </li></ul><ul><li>i4D with CTA </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Routing </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity management </li></ul><ul><li>Network DCD, NOP, AFUA, UDPP </li></ul><ul><li>Airport AOP, CDM, APOC </li></ul><ul><li>Full P-RNAV & Point Merge TMA </li></ul><ul><li>CDA and CCD </li></ul><ul><li>iCWP Airport, En-route & terminal </li></ul><ul><li>Remote Tower: AFIS </li></ul>Operational Package Increased runway and airport throughput Efficient and green terminal operations Moving from airspace to trajectory management End to end traffic synchronisation Integrated and collaborative network management Cooperative asset management 2011 <ul><li>Time Based Spacing (headwinds) </li></ul><ul><li>Runway Status Lights </li></ul><ul><li>i4D and Flight Object </li></ul><ul><li>Team Efficiency enhanced cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>ADD for Ground Trajectory Prediction </li></ul><ul><li>STCA TMA & ACAS Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>i4D with CTA </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Routing D-TAXI </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated complexity sector config </li></ul><ul><li>Short Term ATFCM Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Full P-RNAV TMA </li></ul><ul><li>Point Merge, AMAN & CDA </li></ul><ul><li>iCWP Airport, En-route & terminal </li></ul><ul><li>Remote Tower: AFIS </li></ul>
  35. 36. SESAR BEING VALIDATED ALL OVER EUROPE 38 physical sites 42 platforms SESAR Validation Sites 2011 - 2014 AIRE Trials 2010 - 2011 Page
  36. 37. SESAR BEING VALIDATED ALL OVER EUROPE SESAR Validation Sites 2011 - 2014 Page
  37. 38. ANSPs IN THE SESAR PROGRAMME <ul><li>Key activities </li></ul><ul><li>Operational coherency, performance setting and system engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Master-planning for deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Operational requirements </li></ul><ul><li>SESAR Integrated Validation </li></ul><ul><li>Information Management and SWIM </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Improved safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STCA & ACAS monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved profiles, CDA and CCD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>local DCB and resource allocation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PBN and point merge techniques with 4D trajectory management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhanced service provision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>predictable traffic delivery through traffic synchronisation and initial 4D trajectory management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Productivity and managed controller workload </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new roles and decision support tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated controller working position </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhanced exchange of information </li></ul>ANSPs Contribution to programme: 25% Business Focus Page
  38. 39. AIRPORTS IN THE SESAR PROGRAMME <ul><li>Principles of airport activity in SESAR </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into the ATM network </li></ul><ul><li>Maximise runway throughput </li></ul><ul><li>Optimised ground movements </li></ul><ul><li>Improved turnaround management </li></ul><ul><li>Improve environmental performance </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Increased efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increased throughput </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway, taxiway and apron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All weather </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway incursions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All weather operations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced environmental impact per operation </li></ul>AIRPORT ACTIVITIES = 30% of SESAR Programme Increased (declared) capacity Page
  40. 41. Background <ul><li>Air traffic management affects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when, how far, how high, how fast and how efficiently aircraft fly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These parameters in turn influence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how much fuel an aircraft burns, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the release of greenhouse and other gases from the engines, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how much noise an aircraft makes. </li></ul></ul>SESAR has a strong green component and manages the EU-US AIRE (Atlantic Interoperability Initiative to Reduce Emissions) programme on the European side. Page
  41. 42. AIRE RESULTS IN 2009 <ul><li>400 t of CO 2 saved on AIRE flights </li></ul><ul><li>Time savings </li></ul><ul><li>Early benefits for day-to-day operations </li></ul><ul><li>First procedures applied in ‘real life’ as of 2010 </li></ul>Summary of environmental benefits per flight Page Domain Location Nr of trials performed CO 2 benefit/flight Surface Paris, France 353 190 – 1,200 kg Terminal Paris, France   82 100 – 1,250 kg   Stockholm, Sweden   11 450 – 950 kg   Madrid, Spain   620 250 – 800 kg Oceanic Santa Maria, Portugal   48 90 – 650 kg   Reykjavik, Iceland   38 250 – 1,050 kg   Total 1,152
  42. 43. AIRE IN 2010/11 <ul><li>More partners, more locations, more projects for more green results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 projects including 7 gate-to-gate flights (e.g. between France and the French West Indies or green transatlantic flights with A380) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>additional pioneer locations such as Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Canada, Morocco, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Switzerland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 partners: airlines, air navigation service providers, airport operators and industry partners </li></ul></ul>Page
  43. 44. TO CONCLUDE <ul><li>The “partnership attitude” </li></ul><ul><li>We are “doer’s” </li></ul><ul><li>International cooperation = top priority </li></ul><ul><li>First deliverables in 2011 </li></ul>Page
  44. 46. THE “DO NOTHING” SCENARIO Any trade-off with the above would have a potential negative impact on SAFETY Page Flight delays beyond 30 minutes/flight in western Europe = flights cancellation & missed connection 11% of total airlines demand would not be accommodated at all CO 2 emission per flight would increase due to longer routes and flight level constraints The relative proportion of ATM cost per flight would increase , jeopardising the Airlines productivity gains
  45. 47. THE AIR TRANSPORT GROWING DEMAND By 2030 Air Traffic will double in Europe 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Flights in Europe (Million) Actual Traffic Long-Term Trend Challenge Page 0 2 4 6 8 10
  46. 48. Institutional framework <ul><li>Single European Sky legislation = framework for a new air navigation services governance in the European region. </li></ul><ul><li>It is in place since 2004 and has inter alia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of regulatory and service activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability regulations </li></ul></ul>Page European Commission SES committee for decisions REFORM THE ATM 27 Member’s States THE NEEDS Industrial Consultation Board
  47. 49. SESAR BEING VALIDATED ALL OVER EUROPE SESAR Validation Sites 2011 - 2014 Page